In this paper, the effect of toner particle addition on various features of aluminum oxide layers was studied. A new bath consisted of toner particles in the phosphoric acid solution was prepared to anodize of aluminum substrates. The toner particle content (3–10 g/L) acted as a variable parameter in the anodizing bath. Microstructural evaluations, the mechanical and electrochemical characteristics studies of produced layers were performed. Based on field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) images, it was observed that the mixing of toner particles into the anodizing bath affected the morphologies of oxide layers. The cell wall thickness of the oxide layers increased. When the toner particle content was 5 g/L in the anodizing bath, the wear rate and the coefficient of friction of the oxide layer showed the lowest values. Further, the indentation toughness value for the oxide layer raised to 3.98 MPa m0.5 when the toner particle content was 10 g/L. Due to the lower value of hardness, such behavior observed. The polarization test results illustrated that corrosion rates of produced layers decreased to 93.7% since the surface porosity percent and the mean pore diameter of produced layers decreased.