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18-03-2019 | Issue 8/2019

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 8/2019

Investigations on Fe doped SnS thin films by nebulizer spray pyrolysis technique for solar cell applications

Journal:
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics > Issue 8/2019
Authors:
S. Sebastian, I. Kulandaisamy, S. Valanarasu, N. Soundaram, K. Paulraj, Dhanasekaran Vikraman, Hyun-Seok Kim
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Abstract

Undoped and different concentrations of iron (Fe) doped tin sulphide (SnS) thin films were coated by nebulizer spray pyrolysis method with the substrate temperature of 350 °C. Polycrystalline nature of orthorhombic crystal structured pure and Fe doped SnS (Fe:SnS) thin films confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. Structural studies further explored the preferential orientation of (201) plane for undoped SnS and their shifts to (400) and (111) directions for Fe:SnS at 6 and 10 wt.% of Fe concentration, respectively. The versatile route of structural modification has obviously demonstrated due to inclusion of Fe doping in SnS. Raman spectra further confirmed the structural variation of Fe:SnS. Topological variations obviously explained by atomic force microscopy images for pure and Fe:SnS. Optical results evidently claimed the deterioration of band gap values from 1.96 to 1.58 eV due to increase of Fe doping concentrations from 0 to 10 wt.%, respectively. Luminescence spectra showed a strong emission peak centered at 772 nm and low resistivity 3.32 × 10−2 Ω cm with the high carrier concentration for 8 wt.% of Fe concentration using prepared Fe:SnS film. The fabricated solar cell device with n-CdS exposed the 0.18% of efficiency for p-Fe:SnS prepared using 8 wt.% Fe concentration.

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