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Biodiversity and Conservation OnlineFirst articles

11-11-2019 | Original Paper

Demographic and dendrochronological evidence reveals highly endangered status of a paleoendemic woody mallow from the Canary Islands

Navaea phoenicea (Malvaceae) is a flagship shrub species endemic to Tenerife Island in the Canary archipelago and is included as Endangered on the Spanish Red List. We conducted a comprehensive census and monitored the structure of eight …

Alejandro G. Fernández de Castro, Vicente Rozas, Javier Fuertes-Aguilar, Juan Carlos Moreno-Saiz

09-11-2019 | Original Paper Open Access

Anthropogenic disturbances alter the conservation value of karst dolines

Dolines are depressions in karst landscapes that are of high value for conservation, providing habitats and supporting species not found in the surrounding landscape. This is due to their high microhabitat diversity and ability to decouple …

Zoltán Bátori, András Vojtkó, Gunnar Keppel, Csaba Tölgyesi, Andraž Čarni, Matija Zorn, Tünde Farkas, László Erdős, Péter János Kiss, Gábor Módra, Mateja Breg Valjavec

06-11-2019 | Original Paper

Long-term, fire-induced changes in habitat structure and microclimate affect Cerrado lizard communities

Fire transforms the structure of natural habitats and, consequently, modifies microclimates affecting ectotherm organisms that are particularly susceptible to changes in the thermal environment. Nevertheless, the effects of fire-induced …

Bernardo M. Costa, Davi L. Pantoja, Heitor C. Sousa, Tânia A. de Queiroz, Guarino R. Colli

04-11-2019 | Original Paper

The geographic and climatic distribution of plant height diversity for 19,000 angiosperms in China

The geographic distribution of plant form and function has been studied for over a century for purposes ranging from vegetation classification to global vegetation modeling. Despite this attention we have surprisingly few studies that have …

Lingfeng Mao, Nathan G. Swenson, Xinghua Sui, Jinlong Zhang, Shengbin Chen, Jingji Li, Peihao Peng, Guangsheng Zhou, Xinshi Zhang

02-11-2019 | Original Paper Open Access

Assessing the effects of land use on biodiversity in the world’s drylands and Mediterranean environments

Biodiversity models make an important contribution to our understanding of global biodiversity changes. The effects of different land uses vary across ecosystem types, yet most broad-scale models have failed to account for this variation. The …

Diego García-Vega, Tim Newbold

31-10-2019 | Original Paper Open Access

Impact of Fraxinus excelsior dieback on biota of ash-associated lichen epiphytes at the landscape and community level

The landscape-scale extinction of a tree species may have a negative impact on diversity of associated epiphytic species. We used ordination and hierarchical clustering methods to assess landscape and the community level effects of reduction in …

Anna Łubek, Martin Kukwa, Patryk Czortek, Bogdan Jaroszewicz

31-10-2019 | Original Paper

Historical changes in bumble bee body size and range shift of declining species

Bumble bees are declining worldwide, their vital ecosystem services are diminishing and underlying mechanisms are species specific and multifaceted. This has sparked an increase in long-term assessments of historical collections that provide …

Sabine S. Nooten, Sandra M. Rehan

30-10-2019 | Original Paper

Species richness is a surrogate for rare plant occurrence, but not conservation value, in boreal plant communities

Rare species are an ecologically important component of biological communities, but may be at risk of decline as a result of human disturbance and other sources of environmental change. Rare species are also ecologically idiosyncratic, making …

Varina E. Crisfield, Jacqueline M. Dennett, Catherine K. Denny, Lingfeng Mao, Scott E. Nielsen

29-10-2019 | Original Paper

Impacts of an indigenous settlement on the taxonomic and functional structure of dung beetle communities in the Venezuelan Amazon

In the last 50 years, traditionally nomadic indigenous communities in Amazonia have increasingly adopted more sedentary lifestyles as a result of external influences. Permanent settlements lead to the concentration of disturbances (e.g., forest …

Juanita Choo, Bruce D. Gill, Alain F. Zuur, Eglee Zent, Evan P. Economo

28-10-2019 | Original Paper

Plant agro-biodiversity needs protection, study and promotion: results of research conducted in Lombardy region (Northern Italy)

The loss of plant agro-biodiversity is a global problem with repercussions on both humans and (agro-)ecosystems. This article presents the data of a census of the herbaceous landraces currently cultivated in Lombardy (Northern Italy), one of the …

Luca Giupponi, Roberto Pilu, Alessio Scarafoni, Annamaria Giorgi

26-10-2019 | Original Paper

In-situ and ex situ pollination biology of the four threatened plant species and the significance for conservation

Both in situ and ex situ conservation are important strategies for protecting threatened plant species. Nevertheless, the success of conservation depends on whether the plant species can naturally regenerate and accomplish its life cycle over a …

Rong Tang, Ying Li, Yulin Xu, Johann Schinnerl, Weibang Sun, Gao Chen

24-10-2019 | Original Paper

Does the IUCN Red-Listing ‘Criteria B’ do justice for smaller aquatic plants? A case study from Sri Lankan Aponogetons

The IUCN Red List of threatened species is recognised as the accepted standard for species global extinction risk worldwide, and the criteria led down for evaluation are considered as one of the best methods to evaluate extinction risk of species …

Chapa G. Manawaduge, Deepthi Yakandawala, Kapila Yakandawala

23-10-2019 | Original Paper Open Access

Extinction risk and conservation gaps for Aloe (Asphodelaceae) in the Horn of Africa

Identification of conservation priorities is essential for conservation planning, especially as the biodiversity crisis develops. We aimed to support conservation prioritisation by addressing knowledge gaps for the genus Aloe in the Horn of …

Steven P. Bachman, Paul Wilkin, Tom Reader, Richard Field, Odile Weber, Inger Nordal, Sebsebe Demissew

23-10-2019 | Original Paper

From keystone species to conservation: conservation genetics of wax palm Ceroxylon quindiuense in the largest wild populations of Colombia and selected neighboring ex situ plant collections

The cloud forest of the Andean Region contains a high biodiversity. Unfortunately, human land use has caused most of the forest to become fragmented, negatively impacting many species due to the reduction of and constant change within the local …

Katherine Chacón-Vargas, Víctor Hugo García-Merchán, María José Sanín

23-10-2019 | Letter to the Editor

Emergent climate change impact throughout the world: call for “Microbiome Conservation” before it’s too late

Conservation biology has already expanded its arena from traditional floral and faunal conservation to a unified microbial conservation approach. The recent upsurge in host–microbe interaction research and positive health impact of microbes in …

Aparna Banerjee, Jorge Cornejo, Rajib Bandopadhyay

22-10-2019 | Original Paper

Taxonomic shortfalls in digitised collections of Australia’s flora

Rapid growth in the digitisation of the world’s natural history collections substantially simplifies scientific access to taxonomic and biogeographic information. Despite recent efforts to collate more than two centuries of biodiversity …

Md. Mohasinul Haque, Linda J. Beaumont, David A. Nipperess

21-10-2019 | Original Paper Open Access

Factors driving Arabian gazelles (Gazella arabica) in Israel to extinction: time series analysis of population size and juvenile survival in an unexploited population

Wild populations of Arabian gazelles (Gazella arabica) were once common on the Arabian Peninsula, but today disappeared from large parts of their former range. In Israel only a small population of currently 30 individuals survived, although it …

Benny Shalmon, Ping Sun, Torsten Wronski

19-10-2019 | Original Paper

Comparative responses of spiders and plants to maritime heathland restoration

Assessment of habitat restoration often rely on single-taxa approach, plants being widely used. Arthropods might yet complement such evaluation, especially in hard, poorly-diversified environments such as maritime clifftops. In this study we …

Axel Hacala, Maxime Le Roy, Jérôme Sawtschuk, Julien Pétillon

17-10-2019 | Original Paper

Can sambaquis (shell mounds) be used as records of the Holocene marine fish biodiversity?

The documented quality of the zooarchaeological remains found in sambaquis is an important issue for ecologists who increasingly consider this material as a possible record of historical biodiversity to extend the observation periods of their …

Augusto Barros Mendes, Edson Pereira Silva, Michelle Rezende Duarte

17-10-2019 | Original Paper

Enhancing gardens as habitats for soil-surface-active invertebrates: should we plant native or exotic species?

Domestic gardens provide valuable ecosystem services including supporting biodiversity. These gardens typically consist of a mixture of native and non-native plants yet the relative value of these plants for invertebrates is largely unknown. To …

Andrew Salisbury, Sarah Al-Beidh, James Armitage, Stephanie Bird, Helen Bostock, Anna Platoni, Mark Tatchell, Ken Thompson, Joe Perry