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Biodiversity and Conservation OnlineFirst articles

01-12-2021 | Review Paper Open Access

Challenges and opportunities of area-based conservation in reaching biodiversity and sustainability goals

Area-based conservation is essential to safeguard nature’s diversity. In view of expanding human land use, increasing climate change and unmet conservation targets, area-based conservation requires efficiency and effectiveness more than ever. In …

Samuel Hoffmann

26-11-2021 | Commentary

Prospects and challenges coexist in China’s new protected area system

Acting as a cornerstone in conserving biodiversity, protected areas (PAs) have played important roles in protecting the unique flora and fauna in China, yet a variety of issues have arisen, such as fragmented management, dispersed spatial pattern …

Chunlin Li, Tingting Yao, Xiaoyi Wang, Baowei Zhang, Huijie Qiao, Junhua Hu

25-11-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

Willows in the farming landscape: a forgotten eco-cultural icon

Recent studies have revealed a largely forgotten rural landscape in which Salix (willow) species were a characteristic, iconic, and utilitarian feature. In former wetlands, now largely removed by massive drainage schemes since the 1600s various …

Ian D. Rotherham

25-11-2021 | Original Paper

Amphibian species richness and endemism in tropical montane cloud forests across the Neotropics

Tropical montane cloud forest harbors great species diversity in a small area of the planet and has a high proportion of endemics. At the local scale, species richness is low, but species turnover is high. We examined how amphibian species …

Cecilia Tobar-Suárez, Nicolás Urbina-Cardona, Fabricio Villalobos, Eduardo Pineda

24-11-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

Effectiveness of using nest boxes as a form of bird protection after building modernization

Modernization of urban buildings can decrease the availability of nesting sites in buildings, leading to sudden decreases in the density of avifauna. In this study, we investigated the use of nest boxes as a bird conservation measure after …

Beata Dulisz, Anna Maria Stawicka, Paweł Knozowski, Tom A. Diserens, Jacek J. Nowakowski

23-11-2021 | Original Paper

Foraging grounds of adult loggerhead sea turtles across the Mediterranean Sea: key sites and hotspots of risk

Delineating priority areas for highly mobile marine megafauna represents a major challenge for conservation biology. To manage such areas, one must understand both their spatial properties (i.e., location, number, extent), and the level of …

Vasiliki Almpanidou, Vasiliki Tsapalou, Anastasia Chatzimentor, Luis Cardona, Françoise Claro, Patrice Hostetter, Yakup Kaska, Wenhua Liu, Jérémy Mansui, Anastasia Miliou, Guido Pietroluongo, Jacques Sacchi, Çisem Sezgin, Doğan Sözbilen, Antonios D. Mazaris

22-11-2021 | Original Paper

Assessment of agrobiodiversity in the intensive agriculture: a case study of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of India

An assessment of agrobiodiversity is critical for making agriculture and food production sustainable, but this work has received less attention of researchers. We have developed an Agroecosystem Diversity Index to show the status, challenges and …

Chhabilendra Roul, Prem Chand, Suresh Pal, Kalu Naik

20-11-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

The Calluna life cycle concept revisited: implications for heathland management

Heather, Calluna vulgaris, is a key species of European dry heath and central determinant of its conservation status. The established Calluna life cycle concept describes four phases—pioneer, building, mature, and degeneration—distinguishable by …

Jenny Schellenberg, Erwin Bergmeier

20-11-2021 | Original Paper

First spatially-explicit density estimate for a snow leopard population in the Altai Mountains

The snow leopard Panthera uncia is an elusive and globally-threatened apex predator occurring in the mountain ranges of central Asia. As with other large carnivores, gaps in data on its distribution and abundance still persist. Moreover, available …

Valentina Oberosler, Simone Tenan, Claudio Groff, Miha Krofel, Claudio Augugliaro, Bayaraa Munkhtsog, Francesco Rovero

18-11-2021 | Original Paper

Fecal steroids as a potential tool for conservation paleobiology in East Africa

Conservation paleobiology seeks to leverage proxy reconstructions of ecological communities and environmental conditions to predict future changes and inform management decisions. Populations of East African megafauna likely changed during the …

Andrew C. Kemp, Christopher H. Vane, Alexander W. Kim, Christopher L. Dutton, Amanda L. Subalusky, Stuart K. Kemp, Andrew C. Parnell

15-11-2021 | Original Paper

Extreme climate refugia: a case study of wild relatives of cacao (Theobroma cacao) in Colombia

Identification of global climate refugia for biodiversity relies mainly on long term climate cycles data. However, information on short term contemporary refugia of climate extremes for native genetic resources of agriculture such as crop wild …

Carlos E. González-Orozco, Mario Porcel, Caren Rodriguez-Medina, Roxana Yockteng

15-11-2021 | Original Paper

The long history of rich fens supports persistence of plant and snail habitat specialists

Increasing evidence for the effects of Holocene history on modern biotic communities suggests that current explanations of community patterns and conservation strategies require revisiting. Here we focused on Central European rich fens that are at …

Tomáš Peterka, Lubomír Tichý, Veronika Horsáková, Petra Hájková, Radovan Coufal, Libor Petr, Daniel Dítě, Zbyněk Hradílek, Richard Hrivnák, Martin Jiroušek, Vítězslav Plášek, Zuzana Plesková, Patrícia Singh, Eva Šmerdová, Táňa Štechová, Eva Mikulášková, Michal Horsák, Michal Hájek

15-11-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

Effects of restoration and management of Mediterranean traditional water systems on Odonata alpha diversity: a long-term monitoring survey

The progressive abandonment and disappearance of traditional water uses and management of wetlands during the twentieth century has led not only to a loss of identity, heritage, and landscape values, but also to significant declines in the …

José C. Monzó, José R. Verdú

12-11-2021 | Original Paper

Population structure of a grassland songbird (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) to inform conservation units

Understanding the patterns and processes driving population structure is crucial for conservation planning. Spatial conservation units (CUs) for one or more species have been defined using similarities in communities, habitats, and resource …

Rosalind B. Renfrew, Noah Perlut, Logan M. Maxwell, Mike Cadman, Daniel H. Kim, Gemma V. Clucas, Adrienne I. Kovach

12-11-2021 | Original Paper

Effectiveness of ant communities to detect anthropogenic disturbance in Neotropical forest landscapes: a case study in the Brazilian Amazon

Understanding how communities respond to anthropogenic disturbance is considered a stepping-stone to support decision-making by environmental managers and restoration ecology. In endangered biodiverse regions, such as the Neotropics, ecological …

Wully Barreto da Silva, Reinaldo Lucas Cajaiba, Mário Santos, Eduardo Périco

11-11-2021 | Letter to the Editor

Does a reintroduction of the Eurasian lynx in Poland pose a threat to the species’ recovery in Central Europe? Reply to Kutal et al. (2021)

Magdalena Tracz, Maciej Tracz, Marcin Grzegorzek, Roksana Czerniawska, Mirosław Ratkiewicz, Maciej Matosiuk, Stefan Jakimiuk, Krzysztof Schmidt

08-11-2021 | Original Paper

Influence of land use on the diversity of pond-breeding anurans in South Brazilian grasslands

The degradation of natural ecosystems due to land use changes has been increasing, altering ecosystem composition, structure and processes, which negatively affects biodiversity. Herein, we explored how the diversity patterns of anurans respond to …

Suelen da Silva Alves Saccol, João Luiz Cavalheiro Dias Ucha, Bruno Madalozzo, Sonia Zanini Cechin, Tiago Gomes dos Santos

07-11-2021 | Review Paper

How do we study birds in urban settings? A systematic review

As the global footprint of urban areas expands, there is increasing motivation to conserve biodiversity in these areas. Cities typically develop in fertile, biodiverse locations, and often contain relatively high numbers of threatened species.

Carly E. Campbell, Darryl N. Jones, Monica Awasthy, Alienor L. M. Chauvenet

07-11-2021 | Original Paper

Marine protected areas are not representative of chondrichthyan species assemblages in the Southwest Atlantic

Evaluating the representativeness of species assemblages and species richness in a network of protected areas is key to reach a balanced and equitable network design. However, representativeness has not been assessed for sharks, rays and chimaeras …

David E. Sabadin, Santiago A. Barbini, Daniel E. Figueroa, Luis O. Lucifora

05-11-2021 | Original Paper

Too little, too late? Conservation exigencies for Borneo inferred from biogeographic considerations of its endemic plant genera against intense landscape modifications

Natural habitats remain on the decline worldwide, while extinction risks have not yet been formally assessed for the majority of plant species. This is of pressing concern in especially biodiverse regions where there are hotspots of species …

Louise Neo, Hugh T. W. Tan, K. M. Wong