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Fire Technology OnlineFirst articles

16-11-2019

A Survey of Structural Firefighter Station Wear in the United States

Structural turnout gear is essential for the safety of firefighters. The station wear, or clothing worn underneath the structural turnout suit, contributes to the thermal protection and performance of the overall ensemble. Depending on the fiber …

Author:
Meredith McQuerry

14-11-2019

Cone Calorimeter and Thermogravimetric Analysis of Glass Phenolic Composites Used in Aircraft Applications

The increasing use of composite materials in aircraft cabins and structures poses significant challenges in order to maintain and improve the fire safety of aviation. In this work, the flammability characteristics of a commercial glass-fibre …

Authors:
Vasiliki Papadogianni, Alexandros Romeos, Athanasios Giannadakis, Konstantinos Perrakis, Thrassos Panidis

11-11-2019 Open Access

Design Fire Characteristics for Probabilistic Assessments of Dwellings in England

In England, there are no fixed requirements on the parameters adopted when considering residential design fires, and analyses undertaken are often deterministic with limited consideration given to probabilistic assessments and the sensitivity of …

Authors:
Charlie Hopkin, Michael Spearpoint, Yong Wang, Danny Hopkin

07-11-2019

Development of a Fluid–Structure Coupling Validated with a Confined Fire: Application to Painted Caves

In 1994, three speleologists discovered the Chauvet–Pont d’Arc Cave, which contains singular thermal marks on walls deep in the cavity. These alterations arose from intense fires, and understanding their characteristics would help archaeologists …

Authors:
Fabien Salmon, Delphine Lacanette, Jean-Christophe Mindeguia, Colette Sirieix, Axel Bellivier, Jean-Claude Leblanc, Catherine Ferrier

05-11-2019 Open Access

An Online Survey of Pedestrian Evacuation Model Usage and Users

Pedestrian evacuation models are often used to assess life safety in the performance-based design process within fire safety engineering. Within this paper, a summary of data collected via an international online survey regarding the models and …

Authors:
Ruggiero Lovreglio, Enrico Ronchi, Michael J. Kinsey

02-11-2019 Open Access

Household Fire Protection Practices in Relation to Socio-demographic Characteristics: Evidence from a Swedish National Survey

The sociodemographic inequalities in the ownership of residential fire safety equipment, fire prevention practices and fire protection knowledge was studied using an inductive and data-driven approach based on the responses to a national Swedish …

Authors:
Finn Nilson, Carl Bonander

02-11-2019

Thermal Analysis and Cone Calorimeter Study of Engineered Wood with an Emphasis on Fire Modelling

Engineered wood products (EWPs) are a group of materials having a very similar chemical composition but having different and non-uniform thermo-physical properties throughout their thickness. Such materials present a significant challenge from the …

Authors:
Jiří Ira, Lucie Hasalová, Vojtěch Šálek, Milan Jahoda, Václav Vystrčil

01-11-2019

Design of an ASTM E119 Fire Environment in a Large Compartment

Structural fire protection design in the United States is based on prescriptive fire-resistance ratings of individual load-bearing elements which are derived from standard fire testing, e.g. ASTM E119. In standard fire testing, a custom-built gas …

Authors:
Chao Zhang, William Grosshandler, Ana Sauca, Lisa Choe

31-10-2019

Study of Environmental-Friendly Firefighting Foam Based on the Mixture of Hydrocarbon and Silicone Surfactants

The application of conventional aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) has been severely restricted due to the serious environmental hazard caused by the key component, fluorocarbon surfactants. Environmental-friendly fluorine-free firefighting foams …

Authors:
Youjie Sheng, Ning Jiang, Shouxiang Lu, Qiuhong Wang, Yanli Zhao, Xiangrong Liu

30-10-2019 | Invited Paper

A Review of Fundamental Combustion Phenomena in Wire Fires

Electrical wires and cables have been identified as a potential source of fire in residential buildings, nuclear power plants, aircraft, and spacecraft. This work reviews the recent understandings of the fundamental combustion processes in wire …

Authors:
Xinyan Huang, Yuji Nakamura

29-10-2019 Open Access

Impact of Flashover Fire Conditions on Exposed Energized Electrical Cords/Cables

There has been prior research exploring the exposure of common electrical cords and cables to fire, but that has traditionally been at the lab scale and under near steady-state exposures. The goal of these experiments was to expose six types of …

Authors:
Craig Weinschenk, Daniel Madrzykowski, Paul Courtney

22-10-2019

A Parametric Study of Spontaneous Ignition in Large Coal Stockpiles

Self-heating of coal during its storage and transportation has been a serious problem for decades. Coal stored in large piles for long duration is subjected to weathering by atmospheric air that prevails with different temperatures and moisture …

Authors:
S. Muthu Kumaran, Vasudevan Raghavan, Ali. S. Rangwala

18-10-2019

Numerical Studies on Fire Resistance of Prestressed Continuous Steel–Concrete Composite Beams

Prestressed continuous composite beams (PCCBs) have been widely used in constructions. While the open literature contains notable works that examine the behavior of PCCBs at ambient conditions, the behavior of these members at elevated …

Authors:
Huanting Zhou, Conglong Hao, Zhiyuan Zheng, Weiyong Wang

17-10-2019

Experimental Study on the Optimum Concentration of Ferrocene in Composite Ultrafine Dry Powder

The elimination of halon and frequent fire accidents have caused an urgent need for the development of high-efficient fire extinguishing agents. ABC dry powder has been paid much attention, and has become one of the most extensively used fire …

Authors:
Hangchen Li, Dexu Du, Xinxin Guo, Min Hua, Xuhai Pan

17-10-2019

A Parametric Study on the Inception and Evolution of Underground Coal Fires Based on a Lab-Scale Experimental Setup

The tendency of self-ignition of coal is the root cause of underground coal fires (UCFs). A parametric study is carried out on a lab-scale experimental setup developed based on the essential heat and mass transfer characteristics of actual UCFs to …

Authors:
Jun Li, Pengbin Fu, Yandong Mao, Varinder Saini, Ellina Sokol

10-10-2019 | Correction

Correction to: Thermally-Induced Failure of Smoke Alarms

The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in the Acknowledgement section.

Authors:
Geraldine Martin, Haavard Boehmer, Stephen M. Olenick

30-09-2019

Applicability of a Low-Pressure Environment to Investigate Smoldering Behavior Under Microgravity

This paper provides alternative methodology to reproduce the smoldering of a 2-mm dia biomass stick in reduced gravity by utilizing a reduced-pressure approach. Since smoldering has been known as an initial process of fire hazard, a deep …

Authors:
Takuya Yamazaki, Tsuneyoshi Matsuoka, Yutao Li, Yuji Nakamura

21-09-2019 | Correction Open Access

Correction to: Analysis of One and Two-Story Single Family Home Fire Dynamics and the Impact of Firefighter Horizontal Ventilation

The article Analysis of One and Two-Story Single Family Home Fire Dynamics and the Impact of Firefighter Horizontal Ventilation, written by Stephen Kerber, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently …

Author:
Stephen Kerber

21-09-2019

Risk Assessment of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles in Tunnels

The need to understand the risks and implications of traffic incidents involving hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles in tunnels is increasing in importance with higher numbers of these vehicles being deployed. A risk analysis was performed to …

Authors:
Brian D. Ehrhart, Dusty M. Brooks, Alice B. Muna, Chris B. LaFleur

20-09-2019 | Correction

Correction to: Analysis of Changing Residential Fire Dynamics and Its Implications on Firefighter Operational Timeframes

The article Analysis of Changing Residential Fire Dynamics and Its Implications on Firefighter Operational Timeframes, written by Stephen Kerber, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) …

Author:
Stephen Kerber