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## The Journal of Economic Inequality OnlineFirst articles

27-08-2021 Open Access

### Income-dependent equivalence scales: A fresh look at German micro-data

Income inequality and poverty risks receive a lot of attention in public debates and current research. To make income comparable across different types of households, applying the “(modified) OECD scale” – an equivalence scale with fixed weights …

Authors:
Jan Marvin Garbuszus, Notburga Ott, Sebastian Pehle, Martin Werding

26-08-2021 Open Access

### The Income Gradient in Mortality during the Covid-19 Crisis: Evidence from Belgium

We use population-wide data from linked administrative registers to study the distributional pattern of mortality before and during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic in Belgium. Over the March-May 2020 study period, excess mortality is only …

Authors:
André Decoster, Thomas Minten, Johannes Spinnewijn

23-08-2021

### The K-Shaped Recovery: Examining the Diverging Fortunes of Workers in the Recovery from the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Business and Household Survey Microdata

This paper examines employment patterns by wage group over the course of the coronavirus pandemic in the United States using microdata from two well-known data sources from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: the Current Employment Statistics and …

Authors:
Michael Dalton, Jeffrey A. Groen, Mark A. Loewenstein, David S. Piccone Jr, Anne E. Polivka

14-08-2021

### Intergenerational persistence in latent socioeconomic status: evidence from Taiwan

Inspired by the work of Clark and others, recent studies by Vosters and coauthors attempt to examine whether purely economic indicators of status, such as a multi-year average of earnings, suffice to capture a broader concept of socioeconomic …

Author:
Hsiu-Fen Hsu

13-08-2021 Open Access

### Estimating intergenerational income mobility on sub-optimal data: a machine learning approach

Much of the global evidence on intergenerational income mobility is based on sub-optimal data. In particular, two-stage techniques are widely used to impute parental incomes for analyses of lower-income countries and for estimating long-run trends …

Authors:
Francesco Bloise, Paolo Brunori, Patrizio Piraino

10-08-2021 Open Access

### A note on pessimism in education and its economic consequences

Investigating interaction of the lumpy nature of educational investments and informational frictions on returns to and costs of education, I show that pessimistic beliefs can be self-confirmed in equilibrium. Among some of its consequences, I …

Author:
Karol Mazur

09-08-2021 Open Access

### The immigrant-native wage gap in Germany revisited

This study provides new evidence on the levels of economic integration experienced by foreigners and naturalised immigrants relative to native Germans from 1994 to 2015. We decompose the wage gap using the method for unconditional quantile …

Authors:
Kai Ingwersen, Stephan L. Thomsen

08-08-2021 Open Access

### Like father, like son? A comparison of absolute and relative intergenerational labour income mobility in Germany and the US

Are children better off than their parents? This highly debated question in politics and economics is investigated by analysing the trends in absolute and relative intergenerational labour income mobility for Germany and the US. High quality panel …

Author:
Maximilian Stockhausen

08-08-2021 Open Access

### The fall in income inequality during COVID-19 in four European countries

We here use panel data from the COME-HERE survey to track income inequality during COVID-19 in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Relative inequality in equivalent household disposable income among individuals changed in a hump-shaped way between …

Authors:
Andrew E. Clark, Conchita D’Ambrosio, Anthony Lepinteur

06-08-2021 Open Access

### Did the UK policy response to Covid-19 protect household incomes?

We analyse the UK policy response to Covid-19 and its impact on household incomes in the UK in April and May 2020, using microsimulation methods. We estimate that households lost a substantial share of their net income of 6.9% on average. But …

Authors:
Mike Brewer, Iva Valentinova Tasseva

03-08-2021 Open Access

### Urban poverty: Measurement theory and evidence from American cities

We characterize axiomatically a new index of urban poverty that i) captures aspects of the incidence and distribution of poverty across neighborhoods of a city, ii) is related to the Gini index and iii) is consistent with empirical evidence that …

Authors:
Francesco Andreoli, Mauro Mussini, Vincenzo Prete, Claudio Zoli

02-08-2021

### Which workers bear the burden of social distancing?

Using data from O∗NET, we construct two measures of an occupation’s potential exposure to social distancing measures: (i) the ability to conduct that job from home and (ii) the degree of physical proximity to others the job requires. After …

Authors:
Simon Mongey, Laura Pilossoph, Alexander Weinberg

31-07-2021 | Correction Open Access

### Correction to: Extendingmultidimensional Poverty Identification: from Additive Weights to Minimal Bundles

A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10888-021-09503-9 …

Author:
Sam Jones

31-07-2021 Open Access

### Intergenerational transmission of lockdown consequences: prognosis of the longer-run persistence of COVID-19 in Latin America

The shock on human capital caused by COVID-19 is likely to have long lasting consequences, especially for children of low-educated families. Applying a counterfactual exercise we project the effects of school closures and other lockdown policies …

Authors:
Guido Neidhöfer, Nora Lustig, Mariano Tommasi

30-07-2021

### Opportunity advantage between income distributions

This paper seeks to compare income distributions from the opportunity advantage viewpoint. That is a measure of how likely it is for a representative individual of one society to receive a higher income than a representative individual of another.

Authors:
Carmen Herrero, Antonio Villar

30-07-2021 Open Access

### The measurement of health inequalities: does status matter?

Approaches to measuring health inequalities are often problematic because they use methods that are inappropriate for categorical data. In this paper we focus on “pure” or univariate health inequality (rather than income-related or bivariate …

Authors:
Joan Costa-Font, Frank A. Cowell

30-07-2021 Open Access

### Fair income tax with endogenous productivities and a fresh start

This paper considers a model in which agents have heterogeneous preferences over labour and consumption. Additionally, they also differ in their earning skills, which are a function of both an innate ability and an early investment decision. In …

Author:
Aitor Calo-Blanco

27-07-2021

### Meritocracy in Academic Labor Markets: A Comparison of Three Fields

We analyze the pay of faculty members of economics, mathematics, and marketing departments at large public universities in the United States. Using the Web of Science, we have identified the journal articles published by these scholars and the …

Authors:
Michael R Ransom, Michael J. Hilmer, Christiana E. Hilmer

26-07-2021

### Transformations that minimize the Gini index of a random variable and applications

Let X be a continuous or discrete random variable with values in [0,M] and consider all functions (here called transformations) q : [ 0 , M ] → [ 0 , ∞ ) $q:[0,M]\to [0,\infty )$ that are increasing and have given bounded rates B ≤ q ( v ) − q ( u …

Authors:
Michael McAsey, Libin Mou

24-07-2021

### The capital share and income inequality: Increasing gaps between micro and macro-data

In this paper, I study how the contrasting coverage of labour and capital incomes affects inequality estimates. I use national accounts as a benchmark to evaluate the scope of household surveys, for a number of countries, and tax data for the …

Author:
Ignacio Flores