Skip to main content

The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment OnlineFirst articles

26-02-2024 | LCA FOR ENERGY SYSTEMS AND FOOD PRODUCTS

Using nutritional functional units provides a nuanced view of the environmental performance of food products within the same category

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a standardized multi-criteria and multi-stage method for assessing the environmental impacts of a system over its entire life cycle (EN ISO 14044, 2006 ). The first step in conducting any LCA is the definition of the …

Authors:
Adeline Cortesi, Gwenola Yannou-Le Bris, Caroline Pénicaud

13-02-2024 | LCA AND CHEMISTRY

Ethylene and propylene production from steam cracking in Europe: a consequential perspective

Alkenes, also called olefins, are hydrocarbons with double carbon-carbon bonds. Light alkenes such as ethylene (C 2 H 4 ) and propylene (C 3 H 6 ) are basic components in modern industrial petrochemical and organic synthesis (Lavrenov et al. 2015 …

Authors:
Ivan Muñoz, Bo P. Weidema

Open Access 30-01-2024 | SOCIETAL LCA

Social life cycle assessment in the chocolate industry: A Colombian case study with Luker Chocolate

Sustainable development is most commonly defined as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (Brundtland 1987 ). The Brundtland definition does not only …

Authors:
Luisa Marcela Luna Ostos, Lindsey Roche, Vlad Coroama, Matthias Finkbeiner

Open Access 30-01-2024 | SOCIETAL LCA

Hierarchization of social impact subcategories: towards a systematic approach for enhanced stakeholders’ representativeness

In the context of the energy transition, the installed capacity of offshore wind power is projected to increase significantly over the next decades, reaching up to 2000 GW by 2050 (IRENA 2021 ). Despite the widely accepted need to transition to …

Authors:
Jérémie Lehmann, Rhoda Fofack-Garcia, Thierry Ranchin, Paula Pérez-López

Open Access 27-01-2024 | LCA FOR MANUFACTURING AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Attribution of Global Warming Potential impacts in a multifunctional metals industry system using different system expansion and allocation methodologies

The design and manufacture of goods according to circular economy principles would avoid generating waste in the first place and lead to “closing the loop” by recirculating products and materials so they can become new materials. This could …

Authors:
Marta Cruz Fernandez, Sabina Grund, Chris Phillips, Jeanne Fradet, Johannes Hage, Nick Silk, Christiaan Zeilstra, Chris Barnes, Pete Hodgson, Jon McKechnie

Open Access 22-01-2024 | DATA AVAILABILITY, DATA QUALITY

Can LCA be FAIR? Assessing the status quo and opportunities for FAIR data sharing

FAIR, an acronym for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable, is a core set of principles introduced in 2016 (Wilkinson et al. 2016 ). The adoption of these principles can improve data sharing and reuse in all disciplines, hence rapidly …

Author:
Agneta Ghose

20-01-2024 | ENVIRONMENTAL LCC

Implementation of environmental life cycle costing: Procedures, challenges, and opportunities

Sustainable consumption and production are issues that are being increasingly highlighted all over the world. This is mainly due to rising environmental problems, demanding more eco-friendly and economically sustainable production processes …

Authors:
Stênio Lima Rodrigues, Elaine Aparecida da Silva

19-01-2024 | DATA AVAILABILITY, DATA QUALITY

Challenges in the harmonisation and digitalisation of Environmental Product Declarations for construction products in the European context

Authors:
Vitor E. M. Cardoso, Luís Sanhudo, José Dinis Silvestre, Manuela Almeida, António Aguiar Costa

18-01-2024 | LCIA OF IMPACTS ON HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOSYSTEMS

Evaluation of LCIA characterization models for marine ecotoxicity

Marine ecosystems are one of the main objects of environmental protection today. These ecosystems are the focus of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG 14), which aims at the conservation, protection, and sustainable use of …

Authors:
Bruna Cerati Carvalho, Henrique Rogerio Antunes de Souza Junior, Sebastião Roberto Soares

09-01-2024 | LCA FOR MANUFACTURING AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

A systematic literature review on holistic lifecycle assessments as a basis to create a standard in maritime industry

Authors:
Lucas Jacquet, Antoine le Duigou, Olivier Kerbrat

Open Access 04-01-2024 | LCA FOR AGRICULTURE

Life cycle assessment of hemp-based milk alternative production in Lower Saxony, Germany, based on a material flow analysis of a pilot scale

By 2050, the world population will reach 9.7 billion people, and the food sector is facing a challenging future (Heines et al. 2022 ). To supply the population with the same amount of food, food production must increase by 70% (Heines et al. 2022 …

Authors:
Jannatul Ferdouse, Beatriz Q. Silva, Marie-Christin Baune, Nino Terjung, Sergiy Smetana

Open Access 04-01-2024 | LCIA OF IMPACTS ON HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOSYSTEMS

Evaluating toxicity impacts of local chemical emissions in Life Cycle Assessment

The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology (UNI EN ISO 2006a , b ) provides a quantification framework to assess the environmental impact performance over the entire life cycle of a product or technology, accounting for various impacts related to …

Authors:
Grazia Maria Cappucci, Paolo Neri, Anna Maria Ferrari, Peter Fantke

04-01-2024 | LCA FOR AGRICULTURE PRACTICES AND BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

SAB: An open-access Python-based integrated platform for fully automated emergent sustainability assessment of biorefineries

Currently, fossil-based fuels and chemicals are responsible for 90% of global CO 2 emissions (Clark et al. 2015 ), and their impact on climate requires exploring alternative feedstocks. Biomass is a potential alternative as it is widely available …

Authors:
Hanie Zarafshani, Ponnapat Watjanatepin, Kranti Navare, Giovanna Sauve, Karel Van Acker

Open Access 03-01-2024 | UNCERTAINTIES IN LCA

Can an ecological scarcity method for Germany support robust decisions? – analysing the effect of uncertain target values on the impact assessment of energy generation technologies

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a comprehensive method considering multiple impact indicators with different metrics, which often leads to contradicting outcomes, that may cause ambiguity in decision support (Itsubo 2015 ). To facilitate the …

Authors:
Steffen Lewerenz, Hendrik Lambrecht, Ingela Tietze, Lukas Lazar

Open Access 29-12-2023 | COMMENTARY AND DISCUSSION

Terminology for future-oriented life cycle assessment: review and recommendations

Life cycle assessment (LCA) comprises several subtypes stemming from specific aims and methodological choices. Guinée et al. ( 2018 ) referred to the set of all such subtypes as “the alphabet soup of LCA”. Continuing that metaphor, we here consider …

Authors:
Rickard Arvidsson, Magdalena Svanström, Björn A. Sandén, Nils Thonemann, Bernhard Steubing, Stefano Cucurachi

Open Access 28-12-2023 | POLICIES AND SUPPORT IN RELATION TO LCA

Life cycle assessment: from industry to policy to politics

In 1991, the German government adopted the Packaging Ordinance, establishing the responsibility of manufacturers for the disposal of their products and regulating the use of disposable and reusable packaging and mandatory deposits (Groth 2010 ).

Author:
Maya Jegen

Open Access 27-12-2023 | CARBON FOOTPPRINTING

Decarbonisation Index (DCI): an LCA-based key performance indicator for the automotive industry

Light-duty vehicles (LDV) and vans contributed 8% of global direct emissions in 2021 (IEA 2022 ). Automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have incorporated climate change in their strategies, aiming at contributing to slow down …

Authors:
Mara Neef, Tina Dettmer, Georg Bäuml, Liselotte Schebek

Open Access 27-12-2023 | LCI METHODOLOGY AND DATABASES

Nutrient substitution for secondary fertilizer: Is current practice comprehensive enough? A review to reveal the LCA methodological challenges

Authors:
Chunyu Miao, Vanessa Zeller, Liselotte Schebek

Open Access 07-12-2023 | SOCIETAL LCA

Social performance and impact assessment of an autonomous system in the meat processing sector

Automation of repetitive physical work tasks is a long-running global trend. The number of industrial robot installations is estimated at 570,000 global units as of 2022. Between 2015 and 2021, installation of robots has more than doubled (IFR 2022 …). The food processing industry follows this trend (Romanov et al.

Authors:
Clara Valente, Rannvá Danielsen, Anna Woodhouse, Fredrik Moltu Johnsen, Ellen-Marie Forsberg

Open Access 30-09-2023 | LCA FOR ENERGY SYSTEMS AND FOOD PRODUCTS

Extending the product-group-specific approach in nutritional life cycle assessment

For food LCA, the recent methodological development includes the integration of nutritional aspects into the assessment of environmental impacts (nutritional LCA, nLCA), which enables a comparison of the environmental impacts of food products …

Authors:
Venla Kyttä, Anna Kårlund, Tiina Pellinen, Hanna L. Tuomisto, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Anne-Maria Pajari, Merja Saarinen