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About this book

This book covers the analysis, modelling, planning, and design of airport landside access modes and their systems. It elaborates on the issues and related problems of airport landside accessibility in an innovative, comprehensive and systematic way. In addition to the general concept of accessibility, the book addresses the analysis and modelling of infrastructure-related, technological, operational, economic, social and environmental performance of road- and rail-based transport systems, as well as the core principles of their planning and design.

The book provides guidelines on the modelling, planning, and design of airport landside access modes and their systems, which will contribute to the overall sustainable development of airports. Its main features are:

presents a multidimensional examination of performance for specific airport landside access modes and their systems; pursues a qualitative and quantitative approach to developing performance indicators for estimating the sustainability of airport landside access modes and their systems; includes illustrative cases of airport landside accessibility, and numerical examples as exercises for assessing performance using the systems’ indicators.

As such, the book offers a valuable source of information for all practitioners involved in analysing, planning and designing more environmentally friendly airport access modes and systems, and who want to learn how to overcome the issues and problems surrounding landside accessibility. It will also benefit students studying the analysis and modelling of transportation systems, and researchers seeking to promote improved sustainability at airports.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction

This Chapter presents an introduction to the main topic of the book—landside accessibilityAccessibility of airportsAirport by particular transport modesTransport modes and their systems. In order to provide consistency of the approach, this topic is introduced starting from dealing with much wider scope—describing the main characteristics of the airAirtransportTransportsystemSystem consisting of airportsAirport, ATCAutomatic Train Control (ATC)/ATMAir Transport Movement (ATM) (AirAirTraffic ControlTraffic control/management system/Management) systemSystem, and airlinesAirlines, as its main components. In this context, the landside accessAccess modes and their systems are considered as the sub-component of airportsAirport.

Milan Janić

Chapter 2. Accessibility

In general, the accessibilityAccessibility has been defined as a measure of easiness of reaching goods, services, activities, and intended destinations, which together are called the opportunities. This means that the accessibilityAccessibility as a measure implies existence of spatial separation of particular activities carried out daily by people. In general, the accessibilityAccessibility is achieved by using different (motorized) transport modesTransport modes and their systems, particularly in the cases when the locations of activities (business, leisure) are relatively far from the households, in both urban and suburban areas.

Milan Janić

Chapter 3. The Road-Based Mode and Its Systems: Components and Performances

The roadRoad-based transportTransportmodeMode and its systems serving to the airportAirport landside accessibilityAccessibility consist of the demandDemand and supplySupply component.

Milan Janić

Chapter 4. The Rail-Based Mode and Its Systems: Components and Performances

The railRail-based landside accessAccessmodeMode connecting airportsAirport with their catchment areas includes the systems such as the streetcar/tramwayStreetcar/tramway and LRTLight Rail Transit (LRT) (Light Rail TransitLight Rail Transit (LRT)), subway/metroSubway/metro, regionalRegional/intercityIntercityconventionalConventionalrailRail, HSRHigh Speed Rail (HSR) (High-Speed RailHigh Speed Rail (HSR)), TRMTrans Rapid Maglev (TRM) (TransRapid MaglevTrans Rapid Maglev (TRM)), still conceptual most recent HL (HyperloopHyperloop (HL)), and PRTPersonal Rapid Transit (PRT) (Personal Rapid TransitPersonal Rapid Transit (PRT)) systemSystem.

Milan Janić

Chapter 5. Modelling Performances of the Airport Access Modes and Their Systems

During the past two decades a considerable academic and professional literature has been devoted to analysing, modelling, and planningPlanning development of airportsAirport. Some main efforts have been focused on the analysisAnalysis and forecastingForecasting of the airportAirport passenger demand due to many reasons. For example, in the narrower sense, estimation of the current and prospective passenger demand has needed to be reliable and consistent as much as possible in order to be used as the basis for planningPlanning and designDesign of the airportAirport passenger complex and landside accessAccess modes and their systems. Such requirements will certainly stay in place in the future but under conditions of the increasingly stronger environmentalEnvironmental and socialSocial constraints in combination with an inherent operationalOperational and financial vulnerability of the incumbent airlinesAirlines and their allianceAlliance partners operating at particular (also large) airportsAirport. In addition to the reginal, national, and international economicEconomic driving forces, the inherent financial vulnerability of the incumbent airlinesAirlines has been considered as one of the main causes of the short-, medium-, and long-term volatility of airportAirport passenger demandDemand. Usually, such volatility of demandDemand in the short-term is handled operationally by adapting, i.e. more efficient and effective use of the available airportAirportcapacityCapacity including that of the airportAirport landside accessAccess modes and their systems. The medium- and long-term volatility of passenger demandDemand has been much more difficult to handle very often resulting in compromising the efficiencyEfficiency and efficiencyEfficiency of the actors/stakeholders involved—affected airlinesAirlines and airportAirport(s). (De Neufville 1995). Consequently, the analysisAnalysis and forecastingForecasting of such volatile airportAirport passenger demandDemand should always take into account close relationships between the actors/stakeholders involved, i.e. airportAirport(s) and airlinesAirlines, in combination with the main external and internal demandDemand-driving forces, different global and national institutional regulations, and the increasingly stricter local environmentalEnvironmental (emissionsEmissionsof GHGGreen House Gases (GHG) (greenhouse gasesGreen House Gases (GHG)) and landLand use) and socialSocial (noiseNoise, congestionCongestion, and safetySafety) constraints.

Milan Janić

Chapter 6. Planning and Design of the Airport Landside Access Modes and Their Systems

Similarly as at their urban and suburban counterparts, planningPlanning, designDesign, and implementation of the airportAirport landside accessAccess modes and their systems have been carried for the medium- to long-range timeTimehorizonHorizon respecting the systems’ components such as infrastructureInfrastructure, supporting facilities and equipment, vehicles, and scenariosScenario of their operations under existing and future (expected and unexpected) conditions. The existing, innovative, and completely new technologies in all above-mentioned components have also been considered. The planning horizon is usually 10–25 years.

Milan Janić


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