Skip to main content
Top
Published in:

12-03-2020 | Original Paper

Life cycle assessment of cotton woven shirts and alternative manufacturing techniques

Authors: Hilal Kazan, Deniz Akgul, Aslihan Kerc

Published in: Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy | Issue 4/2020

Login to get access

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

In this study, the life cycle assessment of cotton woven shirt production, from cotton cultivation to the final product, has been done. In this scope, four alternative production scenarios were developed and evaluated with GaBi 8.0 software with CML 2001—January 2016 methodology. These scenarios include conventional cotton woven shirt production, organic cotton cultivation incorporated with renewable energy use in production phase, evaluation of natural dyeing in manufacturing process and using recovered cotton as the raw material. For each of these scenarios, several environmental impact categories including global warming, acidification and eutrophication potentials were evaluated. The functional unit was determined as 1000 pcs of shirts. In the assessment of conventional cotton woven shirt production, pesticide and synthetic fertilizer usage during cotton cultivation as well as the energy supply for the production phases were found to be the major factors increasing environmental impacts. Using organic cotton cultivation and renewable energy sources instead of the traditional techniques, decreased eutrophication potential, acidification potential and global warming potential by 48%, 52% and 70%, respectively. Using recovered cotton fibers as the raw material decreased eutrophication potential, acidification potential, abiotic depletion potential and global warming potential by 96%, 90%, 69% and 47%, respectively, by eliminating the environmental impacts that originate from cotton cultivation stage. Moreover, as these recovered cotton fibers are already colored, additional dyeing is not required. Alternatively, natural dyeing process could be a good alternative to synthetic dyeing and decline environmental impacts by minimizing the use of chemicals and decreasing the required heat for dyeing.

Graphic abstract

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference CI (2012) The life cycle inventory and life cycle assessment of cotton fiber and fabric-full report. Cotton Incorporated, PE International America, Cary CI (2012) The life cycle inventory and life cycle assessment of cotton fiber and fabric-full report. Cotton Incorporated, PE International America, Cary
go back to reference Funk PA, Hardin R IV (2017) Energy utilization and conservation in cotton gins. J Cotton Sci 21:156–166 Funk PA, Hardin R IV (2017) Energy utilization and conservation in cotton gins. J Cotton Sci 21:156–166
go back to reference Hedayati M, Brock PM, Nachimuthu G, Schwenke G (2019) Farm-level strategies to reduce the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of cotton production: an Australian perspective. J Clean Prod 212:974–985CrossRef Hedayati M, Brock PM, Nachimuthu G, Schwenke G (2019) Farm-level strategies to reduce the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of cotton production: an Australian perspective. J Clean Prod 212:974–985CrossRef
go back to reference ISO (2006) Environmental management—life cycle assessment—principles and framework. International Standardisation Organisation, Geneva ISO (2006) Environmental management—life cycle assessment—principles and framework. International Standardisation Organisation, Geneva
go back to reference Kalliala EM, Nousiainen P (1999) Environmental profile of cotton and polyester–cotton fabrics. AUTEX Res J 1:8–20 Kalliala EM, Nousiainen P (1999) Environmental profile of cotton and polyester–cotton fabrics. AUTEX Res J 1:8–20
go back to reference Lescheva M, Ivolga A (2015) Current state and perspectives of sheep breeding development in Russian modern economic conditions. Econ Agric 62:467 Lescheva M, Ivolga A (2015) Current state and perspectives of sheep breeding development in Russian modern economic conditions. Econ Agric 62:467
go back to reference Linhares T, de Amorim MTP (2017) LCA of textile dyeing with Acacia Dealbata tree bark: a case study research. In: Fangueiro R (ed) 3rd international conference on natural fibers: advanced materials for a greener world, ICNF 2017, vol 200. Procedia Engineering. Elsevier, AmsterdamCrossRef Linhares T, de Amorim MTP (2017) LCA of textile dyeing with Acacia Dealbata tree bark: a case study research. In: Fangueiro R (ed) 3rd international conference on natural fibers: advanced materials for a greener world, ICNF 2017, vol 200. Procedia Engineering. Elsevier, AmsterdamCrossRef
go back to reference Mekonnen MM, Hoekstra AY (2011) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 15:1577–1600CrossRef Mekonnen MM, Hoekstra AY (2011) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 15:1577–1600CrossRef
go back to reference Mungai M et al (2016) World energy resources. World Energy Council, London Mungai M et al (2016) World energy resources. World Energy Council, London
go back to reference Nill M, Wick K (2013) The carbon and water footprint of cotton made in Africa, 2nd edn. Aid by Trade Foundation, Hamburg Nill M, Wick K (2013) The carbon and water footprint of cotton made in Africa, 2nd edn. Aid by Trade Foundation, Hamburg
go back to reference Shah P, Bansal A, Singh RK (2018) Life cycle assessment of organic, BCI and conventional cotton: a comparative study of cotton cultivation practices in India. In: Benetto E, Gericke K, Guiton M (eds) designing sustainable technologies, products and policies: from science to innovation. Springer, Cham Shah P, Bansal A, Singh RK (2018) Life cycle assessment of organic, BCI and conventional cotton: a comparative study of cotton cultivation practices in India. In: Benetto E, Gericke K, Guiton M (eds) designing sustainable technologies, products and policies: from science to innovation. Springer, Cham
go back to reference TE (2014) The life cycle assessment of organic cotton fiber-a global average. Textile Exchange, Lamesa TE (2014) The life cycle assessment of organic cotton fiber-a global average. Textile Exchange, Lamesa
go back to reference Tyrell K, Denissen A-K, Roger I, Schonenberg L, Holland R, Peters E, Woolford J, Verhoestraete E (2017) Sustainable cotton ranking. Pesticide Action Network UK, Solidaridad, WWF International Tyrell K, Denissen A-K, Roger I, Schonenberg L, Holland R, Peters E, Woolford J, Verhoestraete E (2017) Sustainable cotton ranking. Pesticide Action Network UK, Solidaridad, WWF International
go back to reference Yıldız M, Gürkan O, Cafer T, Ümmühan K, Gültekin Ü (2005) Tarımsal Savaşımda Kullanılan Pestisitlerin Yol Açtığı Çevre Sorunları.22 Yıldız M, Gürkan O, Cafer T, Ümmühan K, Gültekin Ü (2005) Tarımsal Savaşımda Kullanılan Pestisitlerin Yol Açtığı Çevre Sorunları.22
Metadata
Title
Life cycle assessment of cotton woven shirts and alternative manufacturing techniques
Authors
Hilal Kazan
Deniz Akgul
Aslihan Kerc
Publication date
12-03-2020
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy / Issue 4/2020
Print ISSN: 1618-954X
Electronic ISSN: 1618-9558
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-020-01826-x

Other articles of this Issue 4/2020

Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 4/2020 Go to the issue