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01-02-2013 | Issue 1/2013

Quality of Life Research 1/2013

Life satisfaction in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain and its predictors

Journal:
Quality of Life Research > Issue 1/2013
Authors:
Anne M. Boonstra, Michiel F. Reneman, Roy E. Stewart, Marcel W. Post, Henrica R. Schiphorst Preuper

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the life satisfaction of patients with chronic non-malignant musculoskeletal pain (CMP) compared to the general population (GP) and to identify predictors of life satisfaction.

Methods

Subjects were patients with CMP (n = 1,082) admitted to multidisciplinary rehabilitation and a general population sample (n = 506). Lisat-9 measures satisfaction with life as a whole and eight life domains. Physical, emotional and social functioning and pain intensity were assessed using the SF-36. Ordinal logistic regression was used to analyse differences between patients with CMP and the GP, and predictors of life satisfaction in patients with CMP.

Results

Compared to the general population, patients with CMP reported lower satisfaction with ‘life as a whole’, and with six life domains: self-care, leisure, vocational and financial situation, sex life and contacts with friends. In the CMP group, pain was associated with satisfaction with self-care, vocational situation, partnership, family life and contacts with friends. Marital status, age and mental health were associated with most satisfaction scores.

Conclusions

Compared to the general population, patients with CMP reported lower satisfaction with ‘life as a whole’ and most life domains. The most consistent predictors of life satisfaction were marital status, mental health, vitality and pain.

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