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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Lithium-Ion Batteries Recycling Trends and Pathways: A Comparison

Authors : Yumei Han, Sevan Bedrossian, Rob Fraser, Mark Bellino, Thomas Bibienne

Published in: Proceedings of the 62nd Conference of Metallurgists, COM 2023

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

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Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) are increasingly in demand for energy storage and use in electric vehicles. Recycling of these end-of-life (EOL) batteries is considered one of the most effective ways for recovering elements such as lithium, manganese, cobalt, and nickel and circulating them back to the battery materials’ supply chain. However, few articles have been published which discuss the recycling chain, starting from LiBs to the production of battery grade (BG) nickel/cobalt sulfates (which are used to produce pCAM) with CAPEX, OPEX, and timeline estimates. This article summarizes the pretreatment process of LiBs to Black Mass and compares subsequent hydrometallurgy processes to convert Black Mass to BG sulfates, along with high-level summaries of the CAPEX, OPEX, and timelines. Besides, the critical path of project implementation is also presented.

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Metadata
Title
Lithium-Ion Batteries Recycling Trends and Pathways: A Comparison
Authors
Yumei Han
Sevan Bedrossian
Rob Fraser
Mark Bellino
Thomas Bibienne
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-38141-6_22

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