Skip to main content
Top

2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

5. Methodology

Authors : Jakub Horák, Veronika Machová, Valentina Vycheslavovna Mantulenko, Tomáš Krulický

Published in: Development of World Trade in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

The chapter that focuses on methodology describes the structure of the data that provide a background for the research. Specifically, these are monthly data concerning the volume of export, import, and balance of trade between Russia and the Czech Republic for a specific period, or more precisely, for more than 27 years. In addition to the specification of the data set, this chapter also describes the methods used and the process based on which the results are obtained. As the main tool, the method of artificial neural networks is used, specifically, the multilayer perceptron (MLP) as one of the most commonly used networks in practice, and one of the latest models of neural networks, a three-layer feedforward neural network RBF.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference Bishop CM (1995) Neural networks for pattern recognition. Oxford University Press, New York Bishop CM (1995) Neural networks for pattern recognition. Oxford University Press, New York
go back to reference Cover T (1965) Geometrical and statistical properties of systems of linear inequalities with applications in pattern recognition. IEEE Trans Electron Comput 14:326–334CrossRef Cover T (1965) Geometrical and statistical properties of systems of linear inequalities with applications in pattern recognition. IEEE Trans Electron Comput 14:326–334CrossRef
go back to reference Lei K, Zhang Q, Xu L, Qi Z (2018) Reputation-based Byzantine Fault-Tolerance for consortium blockchain. In: 2018 IEEE 24th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems (ICPADS) Lei K, Zhang Q, Xu L, Qi Z (2018) Reputation-based Byzantine Fault-Tolerance for consortium blockchain. In: 2018 IEEE 24th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems (ICPADS)
go back to reference Rosenblatt F (1957) The perceptron — a perceiving and recognizing automaton. Report 85-460-1. Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory Rosenblatt F (1957) The perceptron — a perceiving and recognizing automaton. Report 85-460-1. Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory
go back to reference Rumelhart D, Hinton G, Williams R (1986) Learning representations by back-propagating errors. Nature 323:533–536CrossRef Rumelhart D, Hinton G, Williams R (1986) Learning representations by back-propagating errors. Nature 323:533–536CrossRef
go back to reference Yuan G, Lu X (2011) An active set limited memory BFGS algorithm for bound constrained optimization. Appl Math Model 35(7):3561–3573CrossRef Yuan G, Lu X (2011) An active set limited memory BFGS algorithm for bound constrained optimization. Appl Math Model 35(7):3561–3573CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Methodology
Authors
Jakub Horák
Veronika Machová
Valentina Vycheslavovna Mantulenko
Tomáš Krulický
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-27257-8_5