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01-09-2006 | Issue 17/2006

Journal of Materials Science 17/2006

Methods for estimating Weibull parameters for brittle materials

Journal:
Journal of Materials Science > Issue 17/2006
Authors:
Dongfang Wu, Jiancheng Zhou, Yongdan Li

Abstract

A Monte Carlo simulation is used to obtain the statistical properties of the Weibull parameters estimated by the linear regression, weighted linear regression, maximum likelihood and moments methods, respectively. Results reveal that the estimated Weibull modulus is always biased, which has a much lower accuracy than the scale parameter. The mean square error is adopted as a criterion for the comparison of the estimation methods. It is shown that both the probability estimators and the weight factors have great effects on the estimation precision of the Weibull modulus. The weighted linear regression with a weight factor of W i=3.3P i −27.5[1−(1−P i)0.025] and a probability estimator of P i=(i−0.3)/(n+0.4) gives the most accurate estimation for sample sizes of 9–52. The maximum likelihood method recommended for any sample size by previous authors, comes first only for sample sizes larger than or equal to 53; furthermore, it is less conservative than the regression methods, and hence results in a lower safety in reliability predictions.

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