Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

17-08-2018 | Original | Issue 12/2018

Archive of Applied Mechanics 12/2018

Modeling of anisotropic remodeling of trabecular bone coupled to fracture

Journal:
Archive of Applied Mechanics > Issue 12/2018
Authors:
Ibrahim Goda, Jean-François Ganghoffer
Important notes

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

As a living tissue, bone is subjected to internal evolutions of its trabecular architecture under normal everyday mechanical loadings leading to damage. The repeating bone remodeling cycle aims at repairing the damaged zones in order to maintain bone structural integrity; this activity of sensing the peak stress at locations where damage or microcracks have occurred, removing old bone and apposing new bone is achieved thanks to a complicated machinery at the cellular level involving specialized cells (osteocytes, osteoclasts, and osteoblasts). This work aims at developing an integrated remodeling-to-fracture model to simulate the bone remodeling process, considering trabecular bone anisotropy. The effective anisotropic continuum mechanical properties of the trabecular bone are derived from an initially discrete planar hexagonal structure representative of femur bone microstructure, relying on the asymptotic homogenization technique. This leads to scaling laws of the effective elastic properties of bone versus effective density at an intermediate mesoscopic scale. An evolution law for the local bone apparent density is formulated in the framework of the thermodynamics of irreversible processes, whereby the driving force for density evolutions is identified as the local strain energy density weighted by the locally accumulated microdamage. We adopt a classical nonlinear damage model for high cycle fatigue under purely elastic strains, where the assumed homogeneous damage is related to the number of cycles bone experiences. Based on this model, we simulate bone remodeling for the chosen initial microstructure, showing the influence of the external mechanical stimuli on the evolution of the density of bone and the incidence of this evolution on trabecular bone effective mechanical properties.

Please log in to get access to this content

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
About this article

Other articles of this Issue 12/2018

Archive of Applied Mechanics 12/2018 Go to the issue

Premium Partner

    Image Credits