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05-09-2017 | Issue 1/2018

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 1/2018

Modeling of Powder Bed Manufacturing Defects

Journal:
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance > Issue 1/2018
Authors:
H.-W. Mindt, O. Desmaison, M. Megahed, A. Peralta, J. Neumann
Important notes
This article is an invited paper selected from presentations at “Recent Development in Additive Manufacturing: Process and Equipment Development and Applications,” held during MS&T’16, October 23-27, 2016, in Salt Lake City, UT, and has been expanded from the original presentation.

Abstract

Powder bed additive manufacturing offers unmatched capabilities. The deposition resolution achieved is extremely high enabling the production of innovative functional products and materials. Achieving the desired final quality is, however, hampered by many potential defects that have to be managed in due course of the manufacturing process. Defects observed in products manufactured via powder bed fusion have been studied experimentally. In this effort we have relied on experiments reported in the literature and—when experimental data were not sufficient—we have performed additional experiments providing an extended foundation for defect analysis. There is large interest in reducing the effort and cost of additive manufacturing process qualification and certification using integrated computational material engineering. A prerequisite is, however, that numerical methods can indeed capture defects. A multiscale multiphysics platform is developed and applied to predict and explain the origin of several defects that have been observed experimentally during laser-based powder bed fusion processes. The models utilized are briefly introduced. The ability of the models to capture the observed defects is verified. The root cause of the defects is explained by analyzing the numerical results thus confirming the ability of numerical methods to provide a foundation for rapid process qualification.

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