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Published in: The Annals of Regional Science 3/2017

05-07-2016 | Special Issue Paper

Moving home again? Never! The locational choices of graduates in Sweden

Authors: Lina Bjerke, Charlotta Mellander

Published in: The Annals of Regional Science | Issue 3/2017

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Abstract

Two major challenges in Europe’s rural areas are an aging population and the diminishing share of human capital. While this pattern has been occurring for a long time, the effects are becoming acutely visible and impactful. The long-term loss of younger individuals has in many ways “drained” the labor market and the economic market power of rural areas. This is the context of our research: the locational choice of university graduates from an urban–rural perspective. Using micro data covering the entire Swedish population, we identify all university graduates from the year 2001. We analyze them with respect to whether they live in a rural or urban region before starting university and where they live after graduation at two points in time: 5 and 10 years. We use a series of multinomial logit regressions to determine what factors affect their short-term and long-term choices of location. We find that having children is one of the most influential factors for moving back home after graduation, irrespective of type of region. We find only minor differences between the two time perspectives.
Appendix
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Footnotes
1
This study has been conducted in 2013, 2014, and 2015, and the results are consistent across the years.
 
2
In earlier versions of this work, we separated rural areas with a close proximity to urban areas, from rural areas without this proximity. However, the results for the rural areas with close proximity to urban areas mainly generated insignificant results, most likely as a result of the relatively low number of observations.
 
3
A description of these categories is provided in “Appendix.”
 
4
We are aware of the debate over Florida’s creative class definition (e.g., in Markusen 2006). However, a significant amount of research has employed this definition (see e.g., Gabe 2006; Marlet and Van Woerkens 2007; McGranahan and Wojan 2007; Boschma and Fritsch). In this analysis, we want to use a variable that captures the structure of the labor market (the share of jobs that are knowledge based) rather than the share of the labor force with a higher education. We therefore prefer the occupational-based creative class measure in this context.
 
5
The regression results all multinomial logit regressions are available upon request.
 
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Metadata
Title
Moving home again? Never! The locational choices of graduates in Sweden
Authors
Lina Bjerke
Charlotta Mellander
Publication date
05-07-2016
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
The Annals of Regional Science / Issue 3/2017
Print ISSN: 0570-1864
Electronic ISSN: 1432-0592
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-016-0777-2