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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Multiple Crises of the Venezuelan Party System

Author : Héctor Briceño

Published in: Venezuela – Dimensions of the Crisis

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the trajectories of the Venezuelan Party System after its collapse in 1998, guided by the hypothesis that: The Crisis of the Party System, since the rise to power of Chavismo in 1999, has external roots not intrinsic to the parties. In this sense, it is argued that the Crisis is a mechanism intentionally induced through State institutions, with the purpose of hindering the political representation of sectors not identified with the ruling party and its allies. Based on this hypothesis, the article describes the main tools used by Chavismo to promote political disaffection toward the opposition parties.

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Appendix
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Footnotes
2
The anti-partisan political culture long precedes Chavismo, however, it finds its peak in it.
 
3
Decreto del Régimen de Transición del Poder Público.
 
4
Bases comiciales para la elección de la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente.
 
5
Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ).
 
6
Ley de Partidos Políticos, Reuniones Públicas y Manifestaciones.
 
7
The political parties: Democratic Action (AD), Independent Generation (GENTE), New Vision for my Country (NUVIPA), A New Time (UNT), Pro-Citizens (PROCIUDADANOS), and Red Flag (BR) were eliminated after 2018.
 
8
Contraloría General de la República (CGR).
 
11
The PSUV concentrates more than 85% of the votes of the alliance consistently since its foundation (Briceño, 2013, 2017).
 
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Metadata
Title
Multiple Crises of the Venezuelan Party System
Author
Héctor Briceño
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-21889-7_5