Skip to main content
main-content
Top

About this book

This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality.

In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications.

The book answers the following questions:

• What is different at the nanoscale?

• What is new about nanoscience?

• What are nanomaterials (NMs)?

• What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials?

• Where are nanomaterials found?

• What nanomaterials exist in nature?

• What is the importance of NMs in our lives?

• Why so much interest in nanomaterials?

• What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials?

• What is graphene?

• Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing?

• Are nanotechnology products currently available?

• What are sensors?

• How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together?

• What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials?

• What are the latest applications of NMs?

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

1. Introduction to Nanotechnology (NT) and Nanomaterials (NMs)

Abstract
Nanotechnology (NT) is the complex interdisciplinary science including nanoscience, nanochemistry, nanophysics, nanomaterials, nanoelectronics, nanometrology, nanobionics, etc. Nanotechnology is a relatively new branch of science that has found a wide range of applications that range from energy production to industrial production processes to biomedical applications. Nanomaterials (NMs) can be engineered to possess unique composition and functionalities, which can provide novel tools and techniques. In this chapter, we aim to discuss the key of many concepts from nanoscale, and nanostructures. Periodical development in nanotechnology and areas of study within nanotechnology have been discussed. The fundamental issues in nanomaterials are considered. We will attempt to correlate the improvements in the material properties that are achieved due to the fine microstructures arising from the size of the grains and/or dimensionality.
Loutfy H. Madkour

2. Principles of Computational Simulations Devices and Characterization of Nanoelectronic Materials

Abstract
Quantum mechanical effects can arise and the classical Ohm’s law of electronic transport breaks down. On the other hand, such quantum effects are not necessarily harmful if we have the basic understanding of them, as they can be used to design radically new types of electronic components. The development and manufacturing of such components at the scale of nanometers is the key aspect and idea of nanotechnology.
Loutfy H. Madkour

3. Where Are Nanomaterials (Nms) Found?

Abstract
Some nanomaterials (NMs) occur naturally, but of particular interest are engineered nanomaterials (EN), which are designed for, and already being used in many commercial products and processes.
Loutfy H. Madkour

4. Benefits of Nanomaterials and Nanowire Geometry

Abstract
Where are we heading in terms of nanomaterial synthesis? Two stages will be followed as nanotechnology develops: the “nanobulk” stage and the “nanoworld” stage.
Loutfy H. Madkour

5. Why So Much Interest in Nanomaterials (NMs)?

Abstract
These materials have created a high interest in recent years by virtue of their unusual mechanical, electrical, optical and magnetic properties.
Loutfy H. Madkour

6. Examples of Nanomaterials with Various Morphologies

Abstract
As the world is advancing, there are many nanomaterials that being produces and engineered. Nanomaterials is also a new step in the evolution of understanding and utilization of materials. Example of nanomaterials are carbon nanotube, nanoparticle, metal rubber, quantum dots, nanopores and many more.
Loutfy H. Madkour

7. Carbon Nanomaterials and Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (2D TMDCs)

Abstract
Carbon nanostructures are a leading material in the nanotechnology field. The discovery and research of carbon materials has considerably contributed to the advancement of modern day science and technology. After the discovery of fullerene and single walled carbon nanotube (CNT), which are zero-dimensional and one-dimensional carbon nanomaterials respectively, the researchers have tried to isolate 2D graphitic material or to make 1D nano-ribbons from 2D crystals.
Loutfy H. Madkour

8. Nanoelectronics and Role of Surfaces Interfaces

Abstract
Electronic and optoelectronic devices [123] impact many areas of society, from simple household appliances and multimedia systems to communications, computing, and medical instruments.
Loutfy H. Madkour

9. Classification of Nanostructured Materials

Abstract
Nano materials can be classified dimension wise into following categories.
Loutfy H. Madkour

10. Processing of Nanomaterials (NMs)

Abstract
Nanoparticles can be synthesized chemically or biologically. A huge body of literature is now devoted to nanomaterial synthesis, and excellent reviews describe the growth mechanisms [14]. Many adverse effects have been associated with chemical synthesis methods due to the presence of some toxic chemical absorbed on the surface.
Loutfy H. Madkour

11. Techniques for Elaboration of Nanomaterials

Abstract
Nanotechnology has received much interest nowadays. It is defined as techniques, methods or processes to fabricate nanoscale structures with size less than 100 nm.
Loutfy H. Madkour

12. Synthesis Methods For 2D Nanostructured Materials, Nanoparticles (NPs), Nanotubes (NTs) and Nanowires (NWs)

Abstract
Two-dimensional (2D) materials have, within just one decade, reshaped many disciplines of modern science and technology, both through intensive fundamental research and early commercial applications.
Loutfy H. Madkour

13. Chemistry and Physics for Nanostructures Semiconductivity

Abstract
Materials that show peculiar properties are the basis of modern devices. The contemporary technology stimulated great interest on searching for functional devices based on new materials.
Loutfy H. Madkour

14. Properties of Nanostructured Materials (NSMs) and Physicochemical Properties of (NPs)

Abstract
Nanomaterials have the structural features in between of those of atoms and the bulk materials. While most microstructured materials have similar properties to the corresponding bulk materials, the properties of materials with nanometer dimensions are significantly different from those of atoms and bulks materials. This is mainly due to the nanometer size of the materials which render them: (i) large fraction of surface atoms; (ii) high surface energy; (iii) spatial confinement; (iv) reduced imperfections, which do not exist in the corresponding bulk materials.
Loutfy H. Madkour

15. Applications of Nanomaterials and Nanoparticles

Abstract
Considering the unique properties discussed in Chap. 14, NSMs and NPs can be used in variety of applications. Some important of these are given below.
Loutfy H. Madkour

16. Environmental Impact of Nanotechnology and Novel Applications of Nano Materials and Nano Devices

Abstract
Nanomaterial comprises several hundred atoms and molecules, which a lot of complicated and interesting interactions occur in it. Characteristics in nanoscale, such as transmittance, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, magnetic, corrosion, and other effects.
Loutfy H. Madkour

17. Interfacing Biology Systems with Nanoelectronics for Nanodevices

Abstract
The interface between nanoscale electronic devices and biological systems enables interactions at length scales natural to biology, and thus should maximize communication between these two diverse yet complementary systems.
Loutfy H. Madkour

Backmatter

Additional information

Premium Partners

    Image Credits