Skip to main content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 5/2022

13-01-2022 | Original Paper

New Static Analysis Methods and LRFD Recommendations for Steel H-Piles in Rock-Based Intermediate Geomaterials

Authors: Pramila Adhikari, Kam W. Ng, Yrgalem Z. Gebreslasie, Shaun S. Wulff

Published in: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering | Issue 5/2022

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Existing static analysis methods and their resistance factors recommended in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (2020) were developed for pile resistance predictions in soils. The performance of existing α- and β-methods on the LRFD design of steel H-piles in rock-based Intermediate GeoMaterials (IGMs) were evaluated in terms of both resistance and efficiency factors. Compared to AASHTO (AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications, 9th ed, U.S. Customary Units, Washington, DC, 2020) recommendations, lower resistance factors calibrated for IGM-rocks confirmed that the prescribed reliability level cannot be attained using the existing α- and β-methods. Furthermore, lower efficiency factors were determined for the α- and β-methods on the shaft resistance and end bearing predictions. To improve the efficiency of pile designs in rock-based IGMs, calibrated α- and β-methods consisting of new equations for design coefficients were developed based on an electronic database (WyoPile) of pile load test data in IGM-rocks of Wyoming. The proposed LRFD procedure consists of probability based resistance factors determined using the First Order Reliability Model and Monte Carlo Simulation for target reliability indices of 2.33 and 3.00. Higher resistance and efficiency factors were achieved for the calibrated α- and β-methods. The uncertainties of the calibrated resistance factors described by the mean, standard deviation, and 95% confidence interval are also presented to address the effect of sample sizes used in this study.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference AbdelSalam S (2010) Characterization of axially loaded steel piles and development of the LRFD resistance factors. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames AbdelSalam S (2010) Characterization of axially loaded steel piles and development of the LRFD resistance factors. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames
go back to reference Adhikari P, Ng KW, Gebreslasie YZ, Wulff SS, Sullivan T (2019) Geomaterial classification criteria for driven piles in IGM. Can Geotech J 57(4):616–622 CrossRef Adhikari P, Ng KW, Gebreslasie YZ, Wulff SS, Sullivan T (2019) Geomaterial classification criteria for driven piles in IGM. Can Geotech J 57(4):616–622 CrossRef
go back to reference Allen TM, Nowak AS, Bathurst RJ (2005) Calibration to determine load and resistance factors for geotechnical and structural design. Transp Res E Circ (E-C079) Allen TM, Nowak AS, Bathurst RJ (2005) Calibration to determine load and resistance factors for geotechnical and structural design. Transp Res E Circ (E-C079)
go back to reference American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) (2020) AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications, 9th ed. U.S. Customary Units. Washington, DC American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) (2020) AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications, 9th ed. U.S. Customary Units. Washington, DC
go back to reference Anderson TW, Darling DA (1952) Asymptotic theory of certain" goodness of fit" criteria based on stochastic processes. Ann Math Stat 23(2):193–212 CrossRef Anderson TW, Darling DA (1952) Asymptotic theory of certain" goodness of fit" criteria based on stochastic processes. Ann Math Stat 23(2):193–212 CrossRef
go back to reference Brooks HM (2008) Axial capacity of piles supported on intermediate geomaterials. Masters Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman Brooks HM (2008) Axial capacity of piles supported on intermediate geomaterials. Masters Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman
go back to reference Esrig ME, Kirby RC (1979) Advances in general effective stress method for the prediction of axial capacity for driven piles in clay. In: Proceedings of 11th annual offshore technology conference, Paper OTC 3406, April 30-May 3, Houston, TX, pp 437–449 Esrig ME, Kirby RC (1979) Advances in general effective stress method for the prediction of axial capacity for driven piles in clay. In: Proceedings of 11th annual offshore technology conference, Paper OTC 3406, April 30-May 3, Houston, TX, pp 437–449
go back to reference Fellenius BH (1991) Pile foundations. foundation engineering handbook. Springer, Boston, pp 511–536 CrossRef Fellenius BH (1991) Pile foundations. foundation engineering handbook. Springer, Boston, pp 511–536 CrossRef
go back to reference Gebreslasie YZ (2018) Static analysis methods for estimating the capacity of driven piles in intermediate geomaterials (IGM). Master’s Thesis, University of Wyoming, Laramie Gebreslasie YZ (2018) Static analysis methods for estimating the capacity of driven piles in intermediate geomaterials (IGM). Master’s Thesis, University of Wyoming, Laramie
go back to reference Haque MN, Abu-Farsakh MY (2018) Estimation of pile setup and incorporation of resistance factor in load resistance factor design framework. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 144(11):04018077 CrossRef Haque MN, Abu-Farsakh MY (2018) Estimation of pile setup and incorporation of resistance factor in load resistance factor design framework. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 144(11):04018077 CrossRef
go back to reference Haque MN (2015) Field instrumentation and testing to study set-up phenomenon of driven piles and its implementation in LRFD design methodology. Doctoral Dissertation, Louisiana State University, Baton Rauge Haque MN (2015) Field instrumentation and testing to study set-up phenomenon of driven piles and its implementation in LRFD design methodology. Doctoral Dissertation, Louisiana State University, Baton Rauge
go back to reference Hoek E Brown ET (1998) The Hoek-Brown criterion–a 1988 update. In: proceedings of 15th Canadian Rock Mechanics Symposium, University of Toronto, pp 31–38 Hoek E Brown ET (1998) The Hoek-Brown criterion–a 1988 update. In: proceedings of 15th Canadian Rock Mechanics Symposium, University of Toronto, pp 31–38
go back to reference Long J, Horsfall J (2017) Static pile load tests on driven piles in intermediate geo materials. Project 0092-12-08, Research Brief, Wisconsin Highway Research Program, February, Madison Long J, Horsfall J (2017) Static pile load tests on driven piles in intermediate geo materials. Project 0092-12-08, Research Brief, Wisconsin Highway Research Program, February, Madison
go back to reference McVay MC, Birgisson B, Zhang L, Perez A, Putcha S (2000) Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for driven piles using dynamic methods: a Florida perspective. Geotech Test J 23(1):55–66 CrossRef McVay MC, Birgisson B, Zhang L, Perez A, Putcha S (2000) Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for driven piles using dynamic methods: a Florida perspective. Geotech Test J 23(1):55–66 CrossRef
go back to reference Mendes M, Pala A (2003) Type I error rate and power of three normality tests. Pak J Inf Technol 2(2):135–139 CrossRef Mendes M, Pala A (2003) Type I error rate and power of three normality tests. Pak J Inf Technol 2(2):135–139 CrossRef
go back to reference Mokwa RL, Brooks H (2009) Driven pile capacity in intermediate geomaterial formations. In: Contemporary topics in deep foundations, (GSP 185), ASCE, March 15–19, Orlando, FL, pp 263–270 Mokwa RL, Brooks H (2009) Driven pile capacity in intermediate geomaterial formations. In: Contemporary topics in deep foundations, (GSP 185), ASCE, March 15–19, Orlando, FL, pp 263–270
go back to reference Motamed R, Elfaas S, Stanton K (2016) LRFD resistance factor calibration for axially loaded drilled shafts in the Las Vegas Valley. (Report No. 515-13-803). Nevada Department of Transportation Motamed R, Elfaas S, Stanton K (2016) LRFD resistance factor calibration for axially loaded drilled shafts in the Las Vegas Valley. (Report No. 515-13-803). Nevada Department of Transportation
go back to reference Ng KW, Sullivan T (2017) Recent development of load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for driven piles on soft rock. Geo-Risk 2017, (GSP 283), ASCE, June 4–7, Denver, CO, pp 307–316 Ng KW, Sullivan T (2017) Recent development of load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for driven piles on soft rock. Geo-Risk 2017, (GSP 283), ASCE, June 4–7, Denver, CO, pp 307–316
go back to reference Paikowsky SG, Birgisson B, McVay M, Nguyen T, Kuo C, Baecher G, Ayyub B, Stenersen K, O’Malley K, Chernauskas L, O’Neill M (2004) NCHRP Report 507: load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for deep foundations. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC Paikowsky SG, Birgisson B, McVay M, Nguyen T, Kuo C, Baecher G, Ayyub B, Stenersen K, O’Malley K, Chernauskas L, O’Neill M (2004) NCHRP Report 507: load and resistance factor design (LRFD) for deep foundations. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC
go back to reference Phoon KK, Kulhawy FH (1999) Characterization of geotechnical variability. Can Geotech J 36(4):612–624 CrossRef Phoon KK, Kulhawy FH (1999) Characterization of geotechnical variability. Can Geotech J 36(4):612–624 CrossRef
go back to reference Rackwitz R, Fiessler B (1978) Structural reliability under combined load sequence. Comput Struct 9:489–494 CrossRef Rackwitz R, Fiessler B (1978) Structural reliability under combined load sequence. Comput Struct 9:489–494 CrossRef
go back to reference Razali NM, Wah YB (2011) Power comparisons of shapiro-wilk, kolmogorov-smirnov, lilliefors and anderson-darling tests. J Stat Model Anal 2(1):21–33 Razali NM, Wah YB (2011) Power comparisons of shapiro-wilk, kolmogorov-smirnov, lilliefors and anderson-darling tests. J Stat Model Anal 2(1):21–33
go back to reference Ricci V (2005) Fitting distributions with R. Contributed documentation available on CRAN, p 96 Ricci V (2005) Fitting distributions with R. Contributed documentation available on CRAN, p 96
go back to reference Scott B, Kim BJ, Salgado R (2003) Assessment of current load factors for use in geotechnical load and resistance factor design. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 129(4):287–295 CrossRef Scott B, Kim BJ, Salgado R (2003) Assessment of current load factors for use in geotechnical load and resistance factor design. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 129(4):287–295 CrossRef
go back to reference Shapiro SS, Wilk MB (1965) An analysis of variance test for normality (complete samples). Biometrika 52(3/4):591–611 CrossRef Shapiro SS, Wilk MB (1965) An analysis of variance test for normality (complete samples). Biometrika 52(3/4):591–611 CrossRef
go back to reference Tomlinson MJ (1980) Foundation design and construction, 4th edn. Pitman Publishing Limited, London Tomlinson MJ (1980) Foundation design and construction, 4th edn. Pitman Publishing Limited, London
Metadata
Title
New Static Analysis Methods and LRFD Recommendations for Steel H-Piles in Rock-Based Intermediate Geomaterials
Authors
Pramila Adhikari
Kam W. Ng
Yrgalem Z. Gebreslasie
Shaun S. Wulff
Publication date
13-01-2022
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering / Issue 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0960-3182
Electronic ISSN: 1573-1529
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-021-02045-x

Other articles of this Issue 5/2022

Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 5/2022 Go to the issue