Skip to main content
Top
Published in: Mechanics of Composite Materials 5/2023

04-11-2023

Numerical Study on the Impact Resistance of a Composite Engine Hood

Author: Shangbin Su

Published in: Mechanics of Composite Materials | Issue 5/2023

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

The effects of impact inclination angles and positions on the dynamic response, interface delamination damage, and head injury criterion (HIC) of an automobile hood with a carbon fiber/glass fiber hybrid composite structure are evaluated. The stacking sequence of carbon fiber/glass fiber hybrid composite laminates is optimized using a progressive damage finite element model. Considering the EURO-NCAP regulation requirements, a 3D finite element model, that takes into account the interface delamination damage of the hood with the optimized layup sequence, is established to simulate the effects of different impact angles and positions of the head form model on the vehicle hood composite structure. The hazard associated with the impact condition of the composite engine hood aggravates when the incident angle exceeds 60°. Impact point D is a hard point with the largest peak force, energy absorption, HIC, and delamination damage area values for the composite hood.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference Yong, “A Study of adult pedestrian head impact conditions and injury risks in passenger car collisions based on realworld accident data,” Traffic Injury Prevention, 14, No. 6, 639-646 (2013). Yong, “A Study of adult pedestrian head impact conditions and injury risks in passenger car collisions based on realworld accident data,” Traffic Injury Prevention, 14, No. 6, 639-646 (2013).
2.
go back to reference A. Ahmed, “The influence of the vehicle hood inclination angle on the severity of the pedestrian adult head injury in a front collision using finite element modeling,” Thin-walled Struct., 150, 106674 (2020).CrossRef A. Ahmed, “The influence of the vehicle hood inclination angle on the severity of the pedestrian adult head injury in a front collision using finite element modeling,” Thin-walled Struct., 150, 106674 (2020).CrossRef
3.
go back to reference F. Xiong, “Lightweight optimization of the side structure of automobile body using combined grey relational and principal component analysis,” Structural & Multidisciplinary Optimization (2017). F. Xiong, “Lightweight optimization of the side structure of automobile body using combined grey relational and principal component analysis,” Structural & Multidisciplinary Optimization (2017).
4.
go back to reference Liu. Q and J. Paavola, “Lightweight design of composite laminated structures with frequency constraint,” Compos. Struct., 156, No. 11, 356-360 (2016). Liu. Q and J. Paavola, “Lightweight design of composite laminated structures with frequency constraint,” Compos. Struct., 156, No. 11, 356-360 (2016).
5.
go back to reference R. Huang, “Energy and Emissions Saving Potential of Additive Manufacturing: The Case of Lightweight Aircraft Components,” J. Cleaner Production, 135, 1559-1570 (2015).CrossRef R. Huang, “Energy and Emissions Saving Potential of Additive Manufacturing: The Case of Lightweight Aircraft Components,” J. Cleaner Production, 135, 1559-1570 (2015).CrossRef
6.
go back to reference M. Chiaberge, New Trends and Developments in Automotive Industry, Ch. 5, Tailieu Vn (2011). M. Chiaberge, New Trends and Developments in Automotive Industry, Ch. 5, Tailieu Vn (2011).
7.
go back to reference M. Higashide, “Comparison of aluminum alloy and CFRP bumpers for space debris protection,” Procedia En., 103 (2015). M. Higashide, “Comparison of aluminum alloy and CFRP bumpers for space debris protection,” Procedia En., 103 (2015).
8.
go back to reference A. Sellitto, “Feasibility study on the redesign of a metallic car hood by using composite materials,” Int. J. Automotive Technol., 21, No. 2, 471-479 (2020).CrossRef A. Sellitto, “Feasibility study on the redesign of a metallic car hood by using composite materials,” Int. J. Automotive Technol., 21, No. 2, 471-479 (2020).CrossRef
9.
go back to reference G. Park and H. Park, “Structural design and test of automobile bonnet with natural flax composite through impact damage analysis.” Compos. Struct., 184, No. 1, 800-806 (2018).CrossRef G. Park and H. Park, “Structural design and test of automobile bonnet with natural flax composite through impact damage analysis.” Compos. Struct., 184, No. 1, 800-806 (2018).CrossRef
10.
go back to reference C. Kong, H. Lee, and H. Park, “Design and manufacturing of automobile hood using natural composite structure,” Compos., Part B, 91, No. 4, 18-26 (2016).CrossRef C. Kong, H. Lee, and H. Park, “Design and manufacturing of automobile hood using natural composite structure,” Compos., Part B, 91, No. 4, 18-26 (2016).CrossRef
11.
go back to reference D.H. Kim, “Improving pedestrian safety via the optimization of composite hood structures for automobiles based on the equivalent static load method,” Compos. Struct., 176, No. 9, 780-789 (2017).CrossRef D.H. Kim, “Improving pedestrian safety via the optimization of composite hood structures for automobiles based on the equivalent static load method,” Compos. Struct., 176, No. 9, 780-789 (2017).CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Y. Gao, “Concurrent optimization of ply orientation and thickness for carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) laminated engine hood,” WCX World Congress Experience (2018). Y. Gao, “Concurrent optimization of ply orientation and thickness for carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) laminated engine hood,” WCX World Congress Experience (2018).
13.
go back to reference S. Yin, “Introducing composite lattice core sandwich structure as an alternative proposal for engine hood,” Compos. Struct., 201, No. 10, 131-140 (2018).CrossRef S. Yin, “Introducing composite lattice core sandwich structure as an alternative proposal for engine hood,” Compos. Struct., 201, No. 10, 131-140 (2018).CrossRef
14.
go back to reference A. Torkestani, M. Sadighi, and R. Hedayati, “Effect of material type, stacking sequence and impact location on the pedestrian head injury in collisions,” Thin-Walled Struct., 97, 130-139 (2015).CrossRef A. Torkestani, M. Sadighi, and R. Hedayati, “Effect of material type, stacking sequence and impact location on the pedestrian head injury in collisions,” Thin-Walled Struct., 97, 130-139 (2015).CrossRef
15.
go back to reference A. Ahmed and L. Wei, “Introducing CFRP as an alternative material for engine hood to achieve better pedestrian safety using finite element modeling,” Thin-Walled Struct., 99, No. 2, 97-108 (2016).CrossRef A. Ahmed and L. Wei, “Introducing CFRP as an alternative material for engine hood to achieve better pedestrian safety using finite element modeling,” Thin-Walled Struct., 99, No. 2, 97-108 (2016).CrossRef
16.
go back to reference W. Hou, “Study on mechanical properties of carbon fiber honeycomb curved sandwich structure and its application in engine hood,” Compo. Struct., 286 (2022). W. Hou, “Study on mechanical properties of carbon fiber honeycomb curved sandwich structure and its application in engine hood,” Compo. Struct., 286 (2022).
17.
go back to reference A. Djk, “Optimized epoxy foam interface of CFRP/Epoxy Foam/CFRP sandwich composites for improving compressive and impact properties,” J. Mater. Research and Technol., 11, 62-71 (2021).CrossRef A. Djk, “Optimized epoxy foam interface of CFRP/Epoxy Foam/CFRP sandwich composites for improving compressive and impact properties,” J. Mater. Research and Technol., 11, 62-71 (2021).CrossRef
18.
go back to reference Z. Hashin, “Fatigue failure criteria for unidirectional fiber composites,” J. Appl. Mech., 47, No. 2, (1980). Z. Hashin, “Fatigue failure criteria for unidirectional fiber composites,” J. Appl. Mech., 47, No. 2, (1980).
19.
go back to reference I. Lapczyk and J.A. Hurtado, “Progressive damage modeling in fiber-reinforced materials,” Compos., Part A, 38, No. 11, 2333-2341 (2007).CrossRef I. Lapczyk and J.A. Hurtado, “Progressive damage modeling in fiber-reinforced materials,” Compos., Part A, 38, No. 11, 2333-2341 (2007).CrossRef
20.
go back to reference M.L. Benzeggagh and M. Kenane, “measurement of mixed-mode delamination fracture toughness of unidirectional glass/epoxy composites with mixed-mode bending apparatus,” Compos. Sci. and Technol., 56, No. 4, 439-449 (1996).CrossRef M.L. Benzeggagh and M. Kenane, “measurement of mixed-mode delamination fracture toughness of unidirectional glass/epoxy composites with mixed-mode bending apparatus,” Compos. Sci. and Technol., 56, No. 4, 439-449 (1996).CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Z. Wu, “Low-velocity impact performance of hybrid 3D carbon/glass woven orthogonal composite: Experiment and simulation,” Compos., Part B, 196, 108098 (2020). Z. Wu, “Low-velocity impact performance of hybrid 3D carbon/glass woven orthogonal composite: Experiment and simulation,” Compos., Part B, 196, 108098 (2020).
22.
go back to reference N. Hongkarnjanakul, C. Bouvet, and S. Rivallant, “Validation of low velocity impact modelling on different stacking sequences of CFRP laminates and influence of fibre failure,” Compos. Struct., 106, 549-559 (2013).CrossRef N. Hongkarnjanakul, C. Bouvet, and S. Rivallant, “Validation of low velocity impact modelling on different stacking sequences of CFRP laminates and influence of fibre failure,” Compos. Struct., 106, 549-559 (2013).CrossRef
23.
go back to reference T. Bian, “Effects of fiber architectures on the impact resistance of composite laminates under low-velocity impact,” Appl. Compos. Mater., 29, No. 3, 1125-1145 (2022).CrossRef T. Bian, “Effects of fiber architectures on the impact resistance of composite laminates under low-velocity impact,” Appl. Compos. Mater., 29, No. 3, 1125-1145 (2022).CrossRef
24.
go back to reference A. Ahmed, “The influence of the vehicle hood inclination angle on the severity of the pedestrian adult head injury in a front collision using finite element modeling,” Thin-Walled Struct., 150, 106674 (2020).CrossRef A. Ahmed, “The influence of the vehicle hood inclination angle on the severity of the pedestrian adult head injury in a front collision using finite element modeling,” Thin-Walled Struct., 150, 106674 (2020).CrossRef
25.
go back to reference A. Torkestani, M. Sadighi, and R. Hedayati, “Effect of material type, stacking sequence and impact location on the pedestrian head injury in collisions,” Thin-Walled Struct., 97, No. 12, 130-139 (2015).CrossRef A. Torkestani, M. Sadighi, and R. Hedayati, “Effect of material type, stacking sequence and impact location on the pedestrian head injury in collisions,” Thin-Walled Struct., 97, No. 12, 130-139 (2015).CrossRef
26.
go back to reference P. Cruz, C. Mitjans, and J. Vinyals, Validation of FE-Models of Pedestrian Protection Impactors by means of ABAQUS/Explicit. P. Cruz, C. Mitjans, and J. Vinyals, Validation of FE-Models of Pedestrian Protection Impactors by means of ABAQUS/Explicit.
27.
go back to reference T. Maki, “Comparative analysis of vehicle–bicyclist and vehicle–pedestrian accidents in Japan,” Accident Analysis & Prevention, 35, No. 6, 927-940 (2003)CrossRef T. Maki, “Comparative analysis of vehicle–bicyclist and vehicle–pedestrian accidents in Japan,” Accident Analysis & Prevention, 35, No. 6, 927-940 (2003)CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Numerical Study on the Impact Resistance of a Composite Engine Hood
Author
Shangbin Su
Publication date
04-11-2023
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Mechanics of Composite Materials / Issue 5/2023
Print ISSN: 0191-5665
Electronic ISSN: 1573-8922
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11029-023-10139-1

Other articles of this Issue 5/2023

Mechanics of Composite Materials 5/2023 Go to the issue

Premium Partners