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Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology 5/2022

22-02-2022 | Original Paper

Open-Minded Discussion in Organizations: A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Cooperation and Competition Theory

Authors: Dean Tjosvold, Xin Zhang, Wen-Dong Li, Alfred Shiu-ho Wong, Kaili Yu

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology | Issue 5/2022

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Abstract

Despite the extensive interest in open-minded discussion in organizations, inconsistencies regarding its antecedents and consequences remain. Drawing upon cooperation and competition theory, we propose a theoretical framework of open-minded discussion. On the basis of 114 primary studies (128 independent samples), a meta-analytic investigation showed that cooperative goal interdependence was positively associated with open-minded discussion, which in turn was positively related to desirable work outcomes, including performance, creativity, relationship quality, LMX, and commitment, whereas competitive and independent goal interdependence were negatively related to open-minded discussion and desirable outcomes. We also explored three moderators: culture (i.e., East Asian cultures and North American cultures), level of analysis (i.e., incident, individual, and team level), and research area (i.e., goal interdependence and conflict management). Results support the theorizing that cooperative goal interdependence develops mutual benefit motivation and integrative conflict management that in turn lead to open-mindedness where collaborators combine their best ideas that result in high quality contributions to organizations. Through the meta-analysis, we offer a more stringent test of cooperation and competition theory and expand the research on open-minded discussion in organizations across various contexts.
Appendix
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Footnotes
1
We thank our action editor and two anonymous reviewers for this constructive suggestion.
 
2
We are indebted to our anonymous reviewer for this suggestion.
 
3
We thank our action editor and anonymous reviewer for this constructive suggestion.
 
4
Detailed information on sample characteristics, measures, the correlation table, and CFA results can be obtained from the authors.
 
5
We are grateful to our action editor and anonymous reviewer for pointing this out.
 
6
A complete list of articles included in the meta-analysis was provided in Supplementary Material C.
 
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Metadata
Title
Open-Minded Discussion in Organizations: A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Cooperation and Competition Theory
Authors
Dean Tjosvold
Xin Zhang
Wen-Dong Li
Alfred Shiu-ho Wong
Kaili Yu
Publication date
22-02-2022
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Business and Psychology / Issue 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0889-3268
Electronic ISSN: 1573-353X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-021-09777-w

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