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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Optimization of Fuel Cell Power Systems Using Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Plant

Authors : Woranee Mungkalasiri, Jitti Mungkalasiri

Published in: Advances in Environmental Sustainability

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Nowadays, biogas is a globally significant alternative source of green energy. In Thailand, agricultural industries generate a vast volume of sewage, which can be utilized to produce biogas from anaerobic fermentation. Due to advanced research and technologies, biogas can produce a more valued option as hydrogen through a tri-reforming process. This hydrogen is introduced to generate power by integrating the tri-reforming process with a fuel cell. Therefore, power generation by a tri-reforming process combined with two types of fuel cells: molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), was studied in this work by the Aspen Plus simulation program. Biogas obtained from a palm oil mill plant was employed as feedstock. The effect of several parameters, including tri-reforming temperature, S/C molar ratio, O2/C molar ratio, MCFC temperature, and SOFC temperature on power generation at atmospheric pressure, was investigated to find the optimal operating conditions maximizing hydrogen and power. The simulation results showed that the optimal operating conditions of tri-reforming were 700 °C of tri-reforming temperature, 3.0 S/C molar ratio, and 0.1 O2/C molar ratio. In addition, the optimal temperatures of MCFC and SOFC were 750 °C and 1000 °C, respectively. Moreover, the system efficiency was evaluated, and the power generation system with molten carbonate fuel cell produced 2809 W/m2 of power density with 63.27% of system efficiency. The power generation system with a solid oxide fuel cell made 5526 W/m2 of power density with 76.09% of system efficiency.

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Metadata
Title
Optimization of Fuel Cell Power Systems Using Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Plant
Authors
Woranee Mungkalasiri
Jitti Mungkalasiri
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-26365-1_3