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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Performance and Emission Studies of Waste Vegetable Oil as Blends with Diesel and Kerosene—An Economic Route for Valorizing Liquid Waste

Authors : Pritam Dey, Srimanta Ray

Published in: Energy and Exergy for Sustainable and Clean Environment, Volume 2

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore

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Abstract

Rise and instability in fuel prices and growing environmental concerns have promoted the scope for alternate to diesel fuel. Vegetable oils or their transesterified forms are used in the diesel engine after blending with various petroleum fuels. Waste vegetable oil (WVO), a known problematic liquid waste, holds potential in this regard. However, WVO is associated with the problem of higher viscosity and lower calorific value. The present work proposes to overcome such limitations by blending with diesel and kerosene. Three blends with varying volumes of WVO in diesel as well as kerosene were prepared. Physical properties of the blends showed similarity with that of diesel fuel and conformed to diesel standards. The various WVO blends showed acceptable engine performance and emission. WVO-kerosene blends recorded lower BSFC and higher BTE than diesel-kerosene blends. WVO-kerosene blends resulted in lower CO and HC emissions than diesel. A rise in the NOx emission with the addition of WVO in the fossil fuels was recorded. Blending WVO with fossil fuels reduced the overall fuel price. WVO-kerosene blends can cause 22–40% reduction in overall price as compared to similar WVO-diesel blends.

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Metadata
Title
Performance and Emission Studies of Waste Vegetable Oil as Blends with Diesel and Kerosene—An Economic Route for Valorizing Liquid Waste
Authors
Pritam Dey
Srimanta Ray
Copyright Year
2023
Publisher
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-8274-2_7