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2015 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

13. Pesticides

Authors : Elmorsy Khaled, Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein

Published in: Environmental Analysis by Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors

Publisher: Springer New York

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Abstract

The toxicity of modern pesticides justifies the crucial need of accurate and reliable methods to monitor the level of pesticides for safety considerations. Moreover, the area of biodefense is also interesting in this field of research, since several organophosphate compounds can be used as nerve agents (i.e., sarin and soman). The development and continual improvement of analytical methods for the determination of this large group of compounds, mostly at trace level, is a great challenge for analysts, and constitutes the subject of research and development for contemporary analytical chemistry. The current tendency to carry out field monitoring has driven the development of biosensors as new analytical tools able to provide fast, reliable, and sensitive measurements with lower cost, many of them aimed at on-site analysis.
Electrochemical biosensors combine the selectivity of biological recognition with the sensitivity of electroanalytical methods. In addition, the new approaches in terms of nanomaterials have allowed the development of an improved generation of biosensors with increased sensitivity, miniaturized systems, and the ability of on-site analysis and real-time responses. In this chapter new trends on electrochemical biosensing for pesticide residue detection and quantification are presented. We first address the basic principles of electroanalytical measurement and the merger of electrochemistry and biology into a biosensing system.

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Metadata
Title
Pesticides
Authors
Elmorsy Khaled
Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein
Copyright Year
2015
Publisher
Springer New York
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1301-5_13