Skip to main content
Top
Published in:

27-11-2018 | Energy materials

Porous carbon-coated ball-milled silicon as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries

Authors: Joseph Nzabahimana, Peng Chang, Xianluo Hu

Published in: Journal of Materials Science | Issue 6/2019

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Si-based anodes are promising candidates for high-performance lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) because they can offer the highest theoretical capacity over conventional graphite-based anodes used in commercial LIBs. However, the large volume change of Si upon cycling results in the degradation of structural integrity and electrode rapid capacity decay. These issues limit the practical applications of Si-based anodes in LIBs. Therefore, porous Si electrodes exhibiting excellent electrochemical performance can be used as anodes in high-energy density LIBs. In this work, we used commercially cheap microsized Si powders to synthesize porous Si via high-energy ball milling and etching processes. The milling time has a significant impact on the morphology, crystallinity, and electrochemical performance of the as-prepared samples. Structural and morphological analyses indicate that the high-energy ball milling greatly reduces the particle size of Si, and on the other hand increases the specific surface area. Porous Si electrodes with pore size of ~ 20 nm were successfully prepared. The 2h-milled porous Si coated with a uniform carbon layer of ~ 4.5 nm exhibits high reversible capacities of 1016.1 and 834.1 mAh g−1 at 1000 and 2000 mA g−1, respectively, over 200 cycles with high coulombic efficiency (> 99.5%), as well as stable cycling. The preparation process is simple, and can be regarded as an alternative route for synthesizing high-performance Si-based anodes for LIBs.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Appendix
Available only for authorised users
Literature
1.
go back to reference Liu N, Wu H, McDowell MT et al (2012) A yolk-shell design for stabilized and scalable Li-ion battery alloy anodes. Nano Lett 12:3315–3321CrossRef Liu N, Wu H, McDowell MT et al (2012) A yolk-shell design for stabilized and scalable Li-ion battery alloy anodes. Nano Lett 12:3315–3321CrossRef
2.
go back to reference Kang K, Meng YS, Bréger J et al (2006) Electrodes with high power and high capacity for rechargeable lithium batteries. Science 311:977–981CrossRef Kang K, Meng YS, Bréger J et al (2006) Electrodes with high power and high capacity for rechargeable lithium batteries. Science 311:977–981CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Holzapfel M, Buqa H, Scheifele W et al (2005) A new type of nano-sized silicon/carbon composite electrode for reversible lithium insertion. Chem Commun 12:1566–1568CrossRef Holzapfel M, Buqa H, Scheifele W et al (2005) A new type of nano-sized silicon/carbon composite electrode for reversible lithium insertion. Chem Commun 12:1566–1568CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Luo W, Wang Y, Wang L et al (2016) Silicon/mesoporous carbon/crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles for highly stable lithium storage. ACS Nano 10:10524–10532CrossRef Luo W, Wang Y, Wang L et al (2016) Silicon/mesoporous carbon/crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles for highly stable lithium storage. ACS Nano 10:10524–10532CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Dunn B, Kamath H, Tarascon J-M (2011) Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science 334:928–935CrossRef Dunn B, Kamath H, Tarascon J-M (2011) Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science 334:928–935CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Cho J, Picraux ST (2014) Silicon nanowire degradation and stabilization during lithium cycling by SEI layer formation. Nano Lett 14:3088–3095CrossRef Cho J, Picraux ST (2014) Silicon nanowire degradation and stabilization during lithium cycling by SEI layer formation. Nano Lett 14:3088–3095CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Gu P, Cai R, Zhou Y, Shao Z (2010) Si/C composite lithium-ion battery anodes synthesized from coarse silicon and citric acid through combined ball milling and thermal pyrolysis. Electrochim Acta 55:3876–3883CrossRef Gu P, Cai R, Zhou Y, Shao Z (2010) Si/C composite lithium-ion battery anodes synthesized from coarse silicon and citric acid through combined ball milling and thermal pyrolysis. Electrochim Acta 55:3876–3883CrossRef
8.
go back to reference Liu D-H, Li W-H, Zheng Y-P et al (2018) In situ encapsulating α-MnS into N, S-codoped nanotube-like carbon as advanced anode material: α → β phase transition promoted cycling stability and superior Li/Na-storage performance in half/full cells. Adv Mater 30:1706317CrossRef Liu D-H, Li W-H, Zheng Y-P et al (2018) In situ encapsulating α-MnS into N, S-codoped nanotube-like carbon as advanced anode material: α → β phase transition promoted cycling stability and superior Li/Na-storage performance in half/full cells. Adv Mater 30:1706317CrossRef
9.
go back to reference Chan CK, Peng H, Liu G et al (2008) High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires. Nat Nanotechnol 3:31–35CrossRef Chan CK, Peng H, Liu G et al (2008) High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires. Nat Nanotechnol 3:31–35CrossRef
10.
go back to reference Lyu F, Sun Z, Nan B et al (2017) Low-cost and novel Si-based gel for Li-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:10699–10707CrossRef Lyu F, Sun Z, Nan B et al (2017) Low-cost and novel Si-based gel for Li-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:10699–10707CrossRef
11.
go back to reference Rahman MA, Wong YC, Song G, Wen C (2015) A review on porous negative electrodes for high performance lithium-ion batteries. J Porous Mater 22:1313–1343CrossRef Rahman MA, Wong YC, Song G, Wen C (2015) A review on porous negative electrodes for high performance lithium-ion batteries. J Porous Mater 22:1313–1343CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Cui L-F, Ruffo R, Chan CK et al (2008) Crystalline-amorphous core–shell silicon nanowires for high capacity and high current battery electrodes. Nano Lett 9:491–495CrossRef Cui L-F, Ruffo R, Chan CK et al (2008) Crystalline-amorphous core–shell silicon nanowires for high capacity and high current battery electrodes. Nano Lett 9:491–495CrossRef
13.
go back to reference He W, Tian H, Xin F, Han W (2015) Scalable fabrication of micro-sized bulk porous Si from Fe–Si alloy as a high performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 3:17956–17962CrossRef He W, Tian H, Xin F, Han W (2015) Scalable fabrication of micro-sized bulk porous Si from Fe–Si alloy as a high performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 3:17956–17962CrossRef
14.
go back to reference Tian H, Tan X, Xin F et al (2015) Micro-sized nano-porous Si/C anodes for lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy 11:490–499CrossRef Tian H, Tan X, Xin F et al (2015) Micro-sized nano-porous Si/C anodes for lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy 11:490–499CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Saint J, Morcrette M, Larcher D et al (2007) Towards a fundamental understanding of the improved electrochemical performance of silicon-carbon composites. Adv Funct Mater 17:1765–1774CrossRef Saint J, Morcrette M, Larcher D et al (2007) Towards a fundamental understanding of the improved electrochemical performance of silicon-carbon composites. Adv Funct Mater 17:1765–1774CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Chen Y, Qian J, Cao Y et al (2012) Green synthesis and stable Li-storage performance of FeSi2/Si@C nanocomposite for lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:3753–3758CrossRef Chen Y, Qian J, Cao Y et al (2012) Green synthesis and stable Li-storage performance of FeSi2/Si@C nanocomposite for lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:3753–3758CrossRef
17.
go back to reference Chen Y, Nie M, Lucht BL et al (2014) High capacity, stable silicon/carbon anodes for lithium-ion batteries prepared using emulsion-templated directed assembly. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:4678–4683CrossRef Chen Y, Nie M, Lucht BL et al (2014) High capacity, stable silicon/carbon anodes for lithium-ion batteries prepared using emulsion-templated directed assembly. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:4678–4683CrossRef
18.
go back to reference Ge M, Rong J, Fang X et al (2013) Scalable preparation of porous silicon nanoparticles and their application for lithium-ion battery anodes. Nano Res 6:174–181CrossRef Ge M, Rong J, Fang X et al (2013) Scalable preparation of porous silicon nanoparticles and their application for lithium-ion battery anodes. Nano Res 6:174–181CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Lee WW, Lee J-M (2014) Novel synthesis of high performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). J Mater Chem A 2:1589–1626CrossRef Lee WW, Lee J-M (2014) Novel synthesis of high performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). J Mater Chem A 2:1589–1626CrossRef
20.
go back to reference Liu X, Gao Y, Jin R et al (2014) Scalable synthesis of si nanostructures by low-temperature magnesiothermic reduction of silica for application in lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy 4:31–38CrossRef Liu X, Gao Y, Jin R et al (2014) Scalable synthesis of si nanostructures by low-temperature magnesiothermic reduction of silica for application in lithium ion batteries. Nano Energy 4:31–38CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Su L, Jing Y, Zhou Z (2011) Li ion battery materials with core–shell nanostructures. Nanoscale 3:3967–3983CrossRef Su L, Jing Y, Zhou Z (2011) Li ion battery materials with core–shell nanostructures. Nanoscale 3:3967–3983CrossRef
22.
go back to reference Aricò AS, Bruce P, Scrosati B et al (2005) Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices. Nat Mater 4:366–377CrossRef Aricò AS, Bruce P, Scrosati B et al (2005) Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices. Nat Mater 4:366–377CrossRef
23.
go back to reference Wang W, Kumta PN (2010) Nanostructured hybrid silicon/carbon nanotube heterostructures: reversible high-capacity lithium-ion anodes. ACS Nano 4:2233–2241CrossRef Wang W, Kumta PN (2010) Nanostructured hybrid silicon/carbon nanotube heterostructures: reversible high-capacity lithium-ion anodes. ACS Nano 4:2233–2241CrossRef
24.
go back to reference Zhu B, Liu N, McDowell M et al (2015) Interfacial stabilizing effect of ZnO on Si anodes for lithium ion battery. Nano Energy 13:620–625CrossRef Zhu B, Liu N, McDowell M et al (2015) Interfacial stabilizing effect of ZnO on Si anodes for lithium ion battery. Nano Energy 13:620–625CrossRef
25.
go back to reference Bang BM, Kim H, Song H-K et al (2011) Scalable approach to multi-dimensional bulk Si anodes via metal-assisted chemical etching. Energy Environ Sci 4:5013–5019CrossRef Bang BM, Kim H, Song H-K et al (2011) Scalable approach to multi-dimensional bulk Si anodes via metal-assisted chemical etching. Energy Environ Sci 4:5013–5019CrossRef
26.
go back to reference Wu H, Cui Y (2012) Designing nanostructured Si anodes for high energy lithium ion batteries. Nano Today 7:414–429CrossRef Wu H, Cui Y (2012) Designing nanostructured Si anodes for high energy lithium ion batteries. Nano Today 7:414–429CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Song T, Xia J, Lee JH et al (2010) Arrays of sealed silicon nanotubes as anodes for lithium ion batteries. Nano Lett 10:1710–1716CrossRef Song T, Xia J, Lee JH et al (2010) Arrays of sealed silicon nanotubes as anodes for lithium ion batteries. Nano Lett 10:1710–1716CrossRef
28.
go back to reference Huang S, Cheong LZ, Wang D, Shen C (2017) Nanostructured phosphorus doped silicon/graphite composite as anode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:23672–23678CrossRef Huang S, Cheong LZ, Wang D, Shen C (2017) Nanostructured phosphorus doped silicon/graphite composite as anode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:23672–23678CrossRef
29.
go back to reference Zhu B, Jin Y, Tan Y et al (2015) Scalable production of Si nanoparticles directly from low grade sources for lithium-ion battery anode. Nano Lett 15:5750–5754CrossRef Zhu B, Jin Y, Tan Y et al (2015) Scalable production of Si nanoparticles directly from low grade sources for lithium-ion battery anode. Nano Lett 15:5750–5754CrossRef
30.
go back to reference Yang Y, Yang X, Chen S et al (2017) Rational design of hierarchical carbon/mesoporous silicon composite sponges as high-performance flexible energy storage electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:22819–22825CrossRef Yang Y, Yang X, Chen S et al (2017) Rational design of hierarchical carbon/mesoporous silicon composite sponges as high-performance flexible energy storage electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:22819–22825CrossRef
31.
go back to reference Zhou X, Yin YX, Cao AM et al (2012) Efficient 3D conducting networks built by graphene sheets and carbon nanoparticles for high-performance silicon anode. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:2824–2828CrossRef Zhou X, Yin YX, Cao AM et al (2012) Efficient 3D conducting networks built by graphene sheets and carbon nanoparticles for high-performance silicon anode. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:2824–2828CrossRef
33.
go back to reference Agyeman DA, Song K, Lee GH et al (2016) Carbon-coated Si nanoparticles anchored between reduced graphene oxides as an extremely reversible anode material for high energy-density Li-ion battery. Adv Energy Mater 6:1–10CrossRef Agyeman DA, Song K, Lee GH et al (2016) Carbon-coated Si nanoparticles anchored between reduced graphene oxides as an extremely reversible anode material for high energy-density Li-ion battery. Adv Energy Mater 6:1–10CrossRef
34.
go back to reference Liu XH, Zhong L, Huang S et al (2012) Size-dependent fracture of silicon nanoparticles during lithiation. ACS Nano 6:1522–1531CrossRef Liu XH, Zhong L, Huang S et al (2012) Size-dependent fracture of silicon nanoparticles during lithiation. ACS Nano 6:1522–1531CrossRef
35.
go back to reference Hwa Y, Kim WS, Yu BC et al (2014) Facile synthesis of Si nanoparticles using magnesium silicide reduction and its carbon composite as a high-performance anode for Li ion batteries. J Power Sources 252:144–149CrossRef Hwa Y, Kim WS, Yu BC et al (2014) Facile synthesis of Si nanoparticles using magnesium silicide reduction and its carbon composite as a high-performance anode for Li ion batteries. J Power Sources 252:144–149CrossRef
36.
go back to reference Ge M, Rong J, Fang X, Zhou C (2012) Porous doped silicon nanowires for lithium ion battery anode with long cycle life. Nano Energy 12:2318–2323 Ge M, Rong J, Fang X, Zhou C (2012) Porous doped silicon nanowires for lithium ion battery anode with long cycle life. Nano Energy 12:2318–2323
37.
go back to reference Cook JB, Kim HS, Lin TC et al (2017) Tuning porosity and surface area in mesoporous silicon for application in Li-ion battery electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:19063–19073CrossRef Cook JB, Kim HS, Lin TC et al (2017) Tuning porosity and surface area in mesoporous silicon for application in Li-ion battery electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:19063–19073CrossRef
38.
go back to reference Ge M, Lu Y, Ercius P et al (2014) Large-scale fabrication, 3D tomography, and Lithium-ion battery application of porous silicon. Nano Lett 14:261–268CrossRef Ge M, Lu Y, Ercius P et al (2014) Large-scale fabrication, 3D tomography, and Lithium-ion battery application of porous silicon. Nano Lett 14:261–268CrossRef
39.
go back to reference Yang X, Shi C, Zhang L et al (2013) Preparation of three dimensional porous silicon with fluoride-free method and its application in lithium ion batteries. ECS Solid State Lett 2:M53–M56CrossRef Yang X, Shi C, Zhang L et al (2013) Preparation of three dimensional porous silicon with fluoride-free method and its application in lithium ion batteries. ECS Solid State Lett 2:M53–M56CrossRef
40.
go back to reference Yao Y, Mcdowell MT, Ryu I et al (2011) Interconnected silicon hollow nanospheres for lithium-ion battery anodes with long cycle life. Nano Lett 11:2949–2954CrossRef Yao Y, Mcdowell MT, Ryu I et al (2011) Interconnected silicon hollow nanospheres for lithium-ion battery anodes with long cycle life. Nano Lett 11:2949–2954CrossRef
41.
go back to reference Park MH, Kim MG, Joo J et al (2009) Silicon nanotube battery anodes. Nano Lett 9:3844–3847CrossRef Park MH, Kim MG, Joo J et al (2009) Silicon nanotube battery anodes. Nano Lett 9:3844–3847CrossRef
42.
go back to reference Xie J, Tong L, Su L et al (2017) Core-shell yolk-shell Si@C@Void@C nanohybrids as advanced lithium ion battery anodes with good electronic conductivity and corrosion resistance. J Power Sources 342:529–536CrossRef Xie J, Tong L, Su L et al (2017) Core-shell yolk-shell Si@C@Void@C nanohybrids as advanced lithium ion battery anodes with good electronic conductivity and corrosion resistance. J Power Sources 342:529–536CrossRef
43.
go back to reference Huang X, Sui X, Yang H et al (2018) HF-free synthesis of Si/C yolk/shell anodes for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 6:2593–2599CrossRef Huang X, Sui X, Yang H et al (2018) HF-free synthesis of Si/C yolk/shell anodes for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 6:2593–2599CrossRef
44.
go back to reference Ma Y, Tang H, Zhang Y et al (2017) Facile synthesis of Si-C nanocomposites with yolk-shell structure as an anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 704:599–606CrossRef Ma Y, Tang H, Zhang Y et al (2017) Facile synthesis of Si-C nanocomposites with yolk-shell structure as an anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 704:599–606CrossRef
45.
go back to reference Ryu I, Choi JW, Cui Y, Nix WD (2011) Size-dependent fracture of Si nanowire battery anodes. J Mech Phys Solids 59:1717–1730CrossRef Ryu I, Choi JW, Cui Y, Nix WD (2011) Size-dependent fracture of Si nanowire battery anodes. J Mech Phys Solids 59:1717–1730CrossRef
46.
go back to reference Zuo P, Yin G, Ma Y (2007) Electrochemical stability of silicon/carbon composite anode for lithium ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 52:4878–4883CrossRef Zuo P, Yin G, Ma Y (2007) Electrochemical stability of silicon/carbon composite anode for lithium ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 52:4878–4883CrossRef
47.
go back to reference Gu M, Li Y, Li X et al (2012) In situ TEM study of lithiation behavior of silicon nanoparticles attached to and embedded in a carbon matrix. ACS Nano 6:8439–8447CrossRef Gu M, Li Y, Li X et al (2012) In situ TEM study of lithiation behavior of silicon nanoparticles attached to and embedded in a carbon matrix. ACS Nano 6:8439–8447CrossRef
48.
go back to reference Zhou XY, Tang JJ, Yang J et al (2013) Silicon@carbon hollow core–shell heterostructures novel anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 87:663–668CrossRef Zhou XY, Tang JJ, Yang J et al (2013) Silicon@carbon hollow core–shell heterostructures novel anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 87:663–668CrossRef
49.
go back to reference Xu Q, Li J-Y, Sun J-K et al (2017) Watermelon-inspired Si/C microspheres with hierarchical buffer structures for densely compacted lithium-ion battery anodes. Adv Energy Mater 7:1601481CrossRef Xu Q, Li J-Y, Sun J-K et al (2017) Watermelon-inspired Si/C microspheres with hierarchical buffer structures for densely compacted lithium-ion battery anodes. Adv Energy Mater 7:1601481CrossRef
50.
go back to reference Wang J, Liu D-H, Wang Y-Y et al (2016) Dual-carbon enhanced silicon-based composite as superior anode material for lithium ion batteries. J Power Sources 307:738–745CrossRef Wang J, Liu D-H, Wang Y-Y et al (2016) Dual-carbon enhanced silicon-based composite as superior anode material for lithium ion batteries. J Power Sources 307:738–745CrossRef
51.
go back to reference Yi R, Dai F, Gordin ML et al (2013) Micro-sized Si-C composite with interconnected nanoscale building blocks as high-performance anodes for practical application in lithium-ion batteries. Adv Energy Mater 3:295–300CrossRef Yi R, Dai F, Gordin ML et al (2013) Micro-sized Si-C composite with interconnected nanoscale building blocks as high-performance anodes for practical application in lithium-ion batteries. Adv Energy Mater 3:295–300CrossRef
52.
go back to reference Li C, Shi T, Yoshitake H, Wang H (2016) Improved performance in micron-sized silicon anodes by in situ polymerization of acrylic acid-based slurry. J Mater Chem A 4:16982–16991CrossRef Li C, Shi T, Yoshitake H, Wang H (2016) Improved performance in micron-sized silicon anodes by in situ polymerization of acrylic acid-based slurry. J Mater Chem A 4:16982–16991CrossRef
53.
go back to reference Liu N, Lu Z, Zhao J et al (2014) A pomegranate-inspired nanoscale design for large-volume-change lithium battery anodes. Nat Nanotechnol 9:187–192CrossRef Liu N, Lu Z, Zhao J et al (2014) A pomegranate-inspired nanoscale design for large-volume-change lithium battery anodes. Nat Nanotechnol 9:187–192CrossRef
54.
go back to reference Gauthier M, Mazouzi D, Reyter D et al (2013) A low-cost and high performance ball-milled Si-based negative electrode for high-energy Li-ion batteries. Energy Environ Sci 6:2145–2155CrossRef Gauthier M, Mazouzi D, Reyter D et al (2013) A low-cost and high performance ball-milled Si-based negative electrode for high-energy Li-ion batteries. Energy Environ Sci 6:2145–2155CrossRef
55.
go back to reference Bruce PG, Scrosati B, Tarascon JM (2008) Nanomaterials for rechargeable lithium batteries. Angew Chemie Int Ed 47:2930–2946CrossRef Bruce PG, Scrosati B, Tarascon JM (2008) Nanomaterials for rechargeable lithium batteries. Angew Chemie Int Ed 47:2930–2946CrossRef
56.
go back to reference Hou SC, Su YF, Chang CC et al (2017) The synergistic effects of combining the high energy mechanical milling and wet milling on Si negative electrode materials for lithium ion battery. J Power Sources 349:111–120CrossRef Hou SC, Su YF, Chang CC et al (2017) The synergistic effects of combining the high energy mechanical milling and wet milling on Si negative electrode materials for lithium ion battery. J Power Sources 349:111–120CrossRef
57.
go back to reference Feng X, Yang J, Bie Y et al (2014) Nano/micro-structured Si/CNT/C composite from nano-SiO2 for high power lithium ion batteries. Nanoscale 6:12532–12539CrossRef Feng X, Yang J, Bie Y et al (2014) Nano/micro-structured Si/CNT/C composite from nano-SiO2 for high power lithium ion batteries. Nanoscale 6:12532–12539CrossRef
58.
go back to reference Xu Q, Sun J-K, Yin Y, Guo Y-G (2018) Facile synthesis of Blocky SiOx/C with graphite-like structure for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes. Adv Funct Mater 28:1705235CrossRef Xu Q, Sun J-K, Yin Y, Guo Y-G (2018) Facile synthesis of Blocky SiOx/C with graphite-like structure for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes. Adv Funct Mater 28:1705235CrossRef
59.
go back to reference Luo W, Wang Y, Chou S et al (2016) Critical thickness of phenolic resin-based carbon interfacial layer for improving long cycling stability of silicon nanoparticle anodes. Nano Energy 27:255–264CrossRef Luo W, Wang Y, Chou S et al (2016) Critical thickness of phenolic resin-based carbon interfacial layer for improving long cycling stability of silicon nanoparticle anodes. Nano Energy 27:255–264CrossRef
60.
go back to reference Yadav TP, Yadav RM, Singh DP (2012) Mechanical milling: a top down approach for the synthesis of nanomaterials and nanocomposites. Nanosci Nanotechnol 2:22–48CrossRef Yadav TP, Yadav RM, Singh DP (2012) Mechanical milling: a top down approach for the synthesis of nanomaterials and nanocomposites. Nanosci Nanotechnol 2:22–48CrossRef
61.
go back to reference Wang J, Lü H-Y, Fan C-Y et al (2017) Ultrafine nano-Si material prepared from NaCl-assisted magnesiothermic reduction of scalable silicate: graphene-enhanced Li-storage properties as advanced anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 694:208–216CrossRef Wang J, Lü H-Y, Fan C-Y et al (2017) Ultrafine nano-Si material prepared from NaCl-assisted magnesiothermic reduction of scalable silicate: graphene-enhanced Li-storage properties as advanced anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 694:208–216CrossRef
62.
go back to reference Chen Y, Liu L, Xiong J et al (2015) Porous Si nanowires from cheap metallurgical silicon stabilized by a surface oxide layer for lithium ion batteries. Adv Funct Mater 25:6701–6709CrossRef Chen Y, Liu L, Xiong J et al (2015) Porous Si nanowires from cheap metallurgical silicon stabilized by a surface oxide layer for lithium ion batteries. Adv Funct Mater 25:6701–6709CrossRef
63.
go back to reference Xia H, Wang Y, Lin J, Lu L (2012) Hydrothermal synthesis of MnO2/CNT nanocomposite with a CNT core/porous MnO2 sheath hierarchy architecture for supercapacitors. Nanoscale Res Lett 7:1–10CrossRef Xia H, Wang Y, Lin J, Lu L (2012) Hydrothermal synthesis of MnO2/CNT nanocomposite with a CNT core/porous MnO2 sheath hierarchy architecture for supercapacitors. Nanoscale Res Lett 7:1–10CrossRef
64.
go back to reference Zhong H, Zhan H, Zhou Y (2014) Synthesis of nanosized mesoporous silicon by magnesium-thermal method used as anode material for lithium ion battery. J Power Sources 262:10–14CrossRef Zhong H, Zhan H, Zhou Y (2014) Synthesis of nanosized mesoporous silicon by magnesium-thermal method used as anode material for lithium ion battery. J Power Sources 262:10–14CrossRef
65.
go back to reference Kim H, Han B, Choo J, Cho J (2008) Three-dimensional porous silicon particles for use in high-performance lithium secondary batteries. Angew Chemie 120:10305–10308CrossRef Kim H, Han B, Choo J, Cho J (2008) Three-dimensional porous silicon particles for use in high-performance lithium secondary batteries. Angew Chemie 120:10305–10308CrossRef
66.
go back to reference Casimir A, Zhang H, Ogoke O et al (2016) Silicon-based anodes for lithium-ion batteries: effectiveness of materials synthesis and electrode preparation. Nano Energy 27:359–376CrossRef Casimir A, Zhang H, Ogoke O et al (2016) Silicon-based anodes for lithium-ion batteries: effectiveness of materials synthesis and electrode preparation. Nano Energy 27:359–376CrossRef
67.
go back to reference Vlad A, Reddy ALM, Ajayan A et al (2012) Roll up nanowire battery from silicon chips. Proc Natl Acad Sci 109:15168–15173CrossRef Vlad A, Reddy ALM, Ajayan A et al (2012) Roll up nanowire battery from silicon chips. Proc Natl Acad Sci 109:15168–15173CrossRef
68.
go back to reference Yen YC, Chao SC, Wu HC, Wu NL (2009) Study on solid-electrolyte-interphase of Si and C-coated si electrodes in lithium cells. J Electrochem Soc 156:A95–A102CrossRef Yen YC, Chao SC, Wu HC, Wu NL (2009) Study on solid-electrolyte-interphase of Si and C-coated si electrodes in lithium cells. J Electrochem Soc 156:A95–A102CrossRef
69.
go back to reference Rong J, Masarapu C, Ni J et al (2010) Tandem structure of porous silicon film on single-walled carbon nanotube macrofilms for lithium-ion battery applications. ACS Nano 4:4683–4690CrossRef Rong J, Masarapu C, Ni J et al (2010) Tandem structure of porous silicon film on single-walled carbon nanotube macrofilms for lithium-ion battery applications. ACS Nano 4:4683–4690CrossRef
70.
go back to reference Lee JI, Lee KT, Cho J et al (2012) Chemical-assisted thermal disproportionation of porous silicon monoxide into silicon-based multicomponent systems. Angew Chemie 51:2767–2771CrossRef Lee JI, Lee KT, Cho J et al (2012) Chemical-assisted thermal disproportionation of porous silicon monoxide into silicon-based multicomponent systems. Angew Chemie 51:2767–2771CrossRef
71.
go back to reference Song J, Chen S, Zhou M et al (2014) Micro-sized silicon–carbon composites composed of carbon-coated sub-10 nm Si primary particles as high-performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 2:1257–1262CrossRef Song J, Chen S, Zhou M et al (2014) Micro-sized silicon–carbon composites composed of carbon-coated sub-10 nm Si primary particles as high-performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 2:1257–1262CrossRef
72.
go back to reference Nie P, Liu X, Fu R et al (2017) Mesoporous silicon anodes by using polybenzimidazole derived pyrrolic N-enriched carbon toward high-energy Li-ion batteries. ACS Energy Lett 2:1279–1287CrossRef Nie P, Liu X, Fu R et al (2017) Mesoporous silicon anodes by using polybenzimidazole derived pyrrolic N-enriched carbon toward high-energy Li-ion batteries. ACS Energy Lett 2:1279–1287CrossRef
73.
go back to reference Xu ZL, Liu X, Luo Y et al (2017) Nanosilicon anodes for high performance rechargeable batteries. Prog Mater Sci 90:1–44CrossRef Xu ZL, Liu X, Luo Y et al (2017) Nanosilicon anodes for high performance rechargeable batteries. Prog Mater Sci 90:1–44CrossRef
74.
go back to reference Kovalenko I, Zdyrko B, Magasinski A et al (2011) A major constituent of brown algae for use in high-capacity li-ion batteries. Science 334:75–79CrossRef Kovalenko I, Zdyrko B, Magasinski A et al (2011) A major constituent of brown algae for use in high-capacity li-ion batteries. Science 334:75–79CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Porous carbon-coated ball-milled silicon as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries
Authors
Joseph Nzabahimana
Peng Chang
Xianluo Hu
Publication date
27-11-2018
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Materials Science / Issue 6/2019
Print ISSN: 0022-2461
Electronic ISSN: 1573-4803
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-3164-9

Other articles of this Issue 6/2019

Journal of Materials Science 6/2019 Go to the issue

Premium Partners