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01-10-2007 | Issue 5/2007

Cellulose 5/2007

Preparation and characterization of cellulose β-ketoesters prepared by homogeneous reaction with alkylketene dimers: comparison with cellulose/fatty acid esters

Journal:
Cellulose > Issue 5/2007
Authors:
Yutaka Yoshida, Akira Isogai

Abstract

Cellulose was dissolved in lithium chloride/1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (LiCl/DMI), and reacted with alkylketene dimers (AKDs) under non-aqueous and homogeneous conditions to prepare cellulose/AKD β-ketoesters with high degrees of substitution (DS). Six AKDs synthesized from octanoic, decanoic, dodecanoic, tetradecanoic, hexadecanoic and octadecanoic acids via their fatty acid chlorides were used in this study. The cellulose/AKD β-ketoesters obtained were gummy solid at room temperature, and had DS values ranging from 1.9 to 2.9. Cellulose/fatty acid esters with DS 2.5–2.9 were also prepared as references. 13C-NMR spectra of the cellulose/AKD β-ketoesters showed that cellulose carbons and substituent carbons close to cellulose chains were restricted in motion and behaved like solid in solutions. In contrast, the cellulose/fatty acid esters did not demonstrate such anomalous 13C-NMR spectra. The unique 13C-NMR patterns are characteristic for the cellulose/AKD β-ketoesters, which have long and branched alkyl substituents in each anhydroglucose unit. Size-exclusion chromatography furnished with multi-angle laser light scattering (SEC-MALLS) revealed, on the other hand, that all cellulose/AKD β-ketoesters and cellulose/fatty acid esters prepared had flexible or random-coil conformations in tetrahydrofuran (THF). There were no clear differences in conformation or stiffness of cellulose chains between cellulose/AKD β-ketoesters and cellulose/fatty acid esters.

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