Skip to main content
Top

2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

14. Probabilistic Assessment of Footfall Vibration

Authors : Chase Hibbard, Karly J. Vial, Aliz Fischer, Nick Sherrow-Groves, Jean M. Franco Lozada, Juan Caicedo, Zhaoshuo Jiang

Published in: Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

As one of the serviceability limit states of structural design, excessive vibration has attracted more attention in recent years, with the design trend moving toward lighter and more slender structures. Footfall vibration contains high uncertainties in nature, with significant variations in walker weight, walking speeds, and dynamic load factor. Since conservative designs can often lead to significant cost premiums, this study focuses on the stochastic assessment of footfall vibration of on a composite steel floor to better understand the variation in performance of various design factors and better inform the ultimate decision-makers. To close the knowledge gap between academia and industry in this area, San Francisco State University and the University of South Carolina partnered with Arup through an NSF-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program. A composite steel structure was modeled to resemble a typical office bay. The model was developed and analyzed in Oasys GSA. Monte Carlo simulation was used to quantify the probability of exceeding certain common vibration criteria. The results of this study would provide actionable guidance to stakeholders to weigh the benefits and costs between performance targets.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference Sétra: Assessment of vibrational behaviour of footbridges under pedestrian loading Technical guide SETRA. SETRA, Paris (2006) Sétra: Assessment of vibrational behaviour of footbridges under pedestrian loading Technical guide SETRA. SETRA, Paris (2006)
2.
go back to reference Dallard, P., Fitzpatrick, A.J., Flint, A., Le Bourva, S., Low, A., Ridsdill Smith, R.M., Willford, M.: The London millennium footbridge. Struct. Eng. 79(22), 17–21 (2001) Dallard, P., Fitzpatrick, A.J., Flint, A., Le Bourva, S., Low, A., Ridsdill Smith, R.M., Willford, M.: The London millennium footbridge. Struct. Eng. 79(22), 17–21 (2001)
3.
go back to reference Ingólfsson, E.T., Georgakis, C.T., Jönsson, J.: Pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations of footbridges: a literature review. Eng. Struct. 45, 21–52 (2012)CrossRef Ingólfsson, E.T., Georgakis, C.T., Jönsson, J.: Pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations of footbridges: a literature review. Eng. Struct. 45, 21–52 (2012)CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Brownjohn, J., Racic, V., Chen, J.: Universal response spectrum procedure for predicting walking-induced floor vibration. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 70, 741–755 (2016)CrossRef Brownjohn, J., Racic, V., Chen, J.: Universal response spectrum procedure for predicting walking-induced floor vibration. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 70, 741–755 (2016)CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Allen, D.E.: Building vibrations from human activities. Concr. Int. 12(6), 66–73 (1990) Allen, D.E.: Building vibrations from human activities. Concr. Int. 12(6), 66–73 (1990)
6.
go back to reference NBCC: Users’ Guide – National Building Code of Canada (NBCC 2005): structural commentaries – commentary D: deflection and vibration criteria for serviceability and fatigue limit states, 2nd edn. Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes – National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (2010) NBCC: Users’ Guide – National Building Code of Canada (NBCC 2005): structural commentaries – commentary D: deflection and vibration criteria for serviceability and fatigue limit states, 2nd edn. Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes – National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (2010)
7.
go back to reference Murray, T.M., Allen, D.E., Ungar, E.E.: Floor Vibrations Due to Human Activities Steel Design Guide Series-11. AISC/CISC, Chicago (2016) Murray, T.M., Allen, D.E., Ungar, E.E.: Floor Vibrations Due to Human Activities Steel Design Guide Series-11. AISC/CISC, Chicago (2016)
8.
go back to reference Willford, M.R., Young, P., CEng, M.: A design guide for footfall induced vibration of structures. Concrete Society for The Concrete Centre, Surrey (2006) Willford, M.R., Young, P., CEng, M.: A design guide for footfall induced vibration of structures. Concrete Society for The Concrete Centre, Surrey (2006)
9.
go back to reference Wei, L., Griffin, M.J.: Mathematical models for the apparent mass of the seated human body exposed to vertical vibration. J. Sound Vib. 212(5), 855–874 (1998)CrossRef Wei, L., Griffin, M.J.: Mathematical models for the apparent mass of the seated human body exposed to vertical vibration. J. Sound Vib. 212(5), 855–874 (1998)CrossRef
10.
go back to reference ASCE: Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. American Society of Civil Engineers, Oct 2013 ASCE: Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. American Society of Civil Engineers, Oct 2013
11.
go back to reference Sachse, R., Pavic, A., Reynolds, P.: Human-structure dynamic interaction in civil engineering dynamics: a literature review. Shock Vib. Dig. 35(1), 3–18 (2003)CrossRef Sachse, R., Pavic, A., Reynolds, P.: Human-structure dynamic interaction in civil engineering dynamics: a literature review. Shock Vib. Dig. 35(1), 3–18 (2003)CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Institution of Structural Engineers (Great Britain): Dynamic performance requirements for permanent grandstands subject to crowd action: interim guidance on assessment and design. Institution of Structural Engineers, London (2001) Institution of Structural Engineers (Great Britain): Dynamic performance requirements for permanent grandstands subject to crowd action: interim guidance on assessment and design. Institution of Structural Engineers, London (2001)
13.
go back to reference Ortiz, A.R.: Modeling human-structure interaction using a controller system, 1st edn. Universidad del Valle, Bogota (2020)CrossRef Ortiz, A.R.: Modeling human-structure interaction using a controller system, 1st edn. Universidad del Valle, Bogota (2020)CrossRef
14.
go back to reference Ebrahimpour, A., Sack, R.L.: A review of vibration serviceability criteria for floor structures. Comput. Struct. 83(28–30), 2488–2494 (2005)CrossRef Ebrahimpour, A., Sack, R.L.: A review of vibration serviceability criteria for floor structures. Comput. Struct. 83(28–30), 2488–2494 (2005)CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Kerr, S.C., Bishop, N.W.M.: Human induced loading on flexible staircases. Eng. Struct. 23(1), 37–45 (2001)CrossRef Kerr, S.C., Bishop, N.W.M.: Human induced loading on flexible staircases. Eng. Struct. 23(1), 37–45 (2001)CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Australian Bureau of Statistics: How Australians measure up. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra (1995) Australian Bureau of Statistics: How Australians measure up. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra (1995)
Metadata
Title
Probabilistic Assessment of Footfall Vibration
Authors
Chase Hibbard
Karly J. Vial
Aliz Fischer
Nick Sherrow-Groves
Jean M. Franco Lozada
Juan Caicedo
Zhaoshuo Jiang
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-04090-0_14