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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

13. Production of Pulses in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Authors: Sebastian Sambuo Mushi, Alefiya Doctor

Published in: India–Africa Partnerships for Food Security and Capacity Building

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

The developmental potential of Tanzania’s agricultural sector presents a viable and sustainable solution for its economic growth and food security. Agricultural development in Tanzania can be accelerated through intensive South-South cooperation through the exchange of technology, expertise, troubleshooting methods, and the overall experiences of implementing best practices in the agricultural sector. This paper attempts to specifically examine the pulse sector in Tanzania and identify the challenges and opportunities that it presents. Pulses are an important subsistence and cash crop in Tanzania. Pulse production is a potentially profitable value chain for all actors, but underdeveloped harvesting and post-harvesting practices, the lack of standard branding strategies, unstructured trade, poor market linkages, and minimal access to credit arrest the growth of the sector. The paper uses field research conducted in the Kilombero district of south-western Tanzania as a case study. This study attempts to understand the socio-economic factors and agricultural practices that determine the pulse production process of the Kamwene farmers’ community. It identifies the issues that hamper production in Kamwene, such as poor agronomic practices, the presence of middlemen in farm loans, the lack of access to inputs, inadequate quality of harvesting, processing and challenges to value addition, and financial inclusion. The research then uses feedback from the farmers’ community to present an appropriate solution for these agricultural setbacks, as well as select areas in need of intensive value addition. It further recommends a Farmers’ Organization Model to augment farming practices and subsequently provide incentive for South-South trade links and investments with countries such as India.
Footnotes
1
Under the Tanzania National Development Vision 2025, different strategies have been in place to ensure public welfare. These include the Agricultural Sector Development Program (ASDP I & II), Kilimo Kwanza (Agriculture First), The Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) Initiative and the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS). The SAGCOT is a collaborative effort by the Tanzanian government, the private sector and developmental partners to open up the Southern Corridor of Tanzania, which is endowed with fertile soil, several water catchment areas, rivers and swamps.
 
2
Merged with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to form the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office as of 2020.
 
3
Matema is a town in south-western Tanzania. The town is primarily a fishing village with some agriculture. It is located on the northern tip of Lake Nyasa and is 90 kilometres (straight-line distance) south-east of Mbeya.
 
4
Rural Urban Development Initiatives (RUDI) is a private sector development organization based in Dar es Salaam. It is a local NGO that deals with empowering micro-small enterprises (MSE) and farming communities through improved market linkage and distribution channel for their products (RUDI 2019).
 
5
TShs 100 = US$ 0.044 as of third quarter (Q3), 2018.
 
6
Short form for Purdue Improved Crop Storage Bags, which was also linked to prevent hunger or ‘Zuia Njaa’ campaign by Purdue University USA in 2013 to 2016.
 
7
Surveys/studies which are conducted to assess financial service provision and uptake; the studies are designed to build a comprehensive understanding of the financial services landscape and provide a baseline for service access and use.
 
8
In Tanzania, NaneNane day is celebrated on August 8th with a week-long fair to recognize the important contribution of farmers to the national Tanzanian economy. NaneNane means ‘eight eight’ in Swahili (Hakimu 2017).
 
Literature
Metadata
Title
Production of Pulses in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges
Authors
Sebastian Sambuo Mushi
Alefiya Doctor
Copyright Year
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54112-5_13

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