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2024 | Book

Prospects for Soil Regeneration and Its Impact on Environmental Protection

Editors: Sesan Abiodun Aransiola, Babafemi Raphael Babaniyi, Adejoke Blessing Aransiola, Naga Raju Maddela

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

Book Series : Earth and Environmental Sciences Library


About this book

Soil is a complex system of inorganic and organic materials, living organisms, water, and air. It is home to more than one trillion species of microorganisms. Soil also plays an important role in the global carbon cycle. Because plants absorb carbon from the atmosphere, convert it to plant tissue, and return it to the soil as plant residue, soils globally act as the world’s largest sink of active carbon. Soil has role to play in food production and safety. Soil contamination undermined by modern agricultural practices that deplete soil carbon stocks. Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have been raising recorded temperatures since the Industrial Revolution. Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, forestry, and fisheries have almost doubled in the last 50 years and will increase by 30% by 2050 given the current trend. The primacy of arresting climate change is nowhere more evident than the adoption of 195 countries of the first legally binding global climate deal at the Paris Climate Conference in 2015. With atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) reaching 400 parts per million in 2016, soils can be an ally in bringing the CO2 level down to a sustainable level if protected for regeneration. Soil protection and regeneration is a technique that involves the conservative rehabilitation of soil ecosystem and farmland. This technique focuses on top soil regeneration, improving the water cycle, supporting biosequestration, enhancing ecosystem services, increasing biodiversity, strengthening the vitality and health of farm soil, and increasing resilience to climate change and landscape. Environmental protection not only improves soil health, productivity, and resilience to weather extremes, raising farm yields and income while strengthening regional food security in the face of a changing climate, but can also form part of a region’s broader climate strategy. This book is timely as more studies and reviews need to be reported about regenerating global polluted soil and the impacts on the environment, the benefit of both biotic and abiotic structure, thereby creating more awareness of environmental protection and sustainability. Thus, this book presents a vista to research on regeneration of lost resources in the soil and its impacts on the environment.

Table of Contents


Environmental Conservation Policies

Legislation and Programs Supporting Envronmental Protection
The Environmental Protection Program employs a methodical strategy for overseeing perilous substances and ecological matters that endeavors to heighten community awareness regarding environmental impacts. This review provides an in-depth examination of the laws and initiatives established to uphold environmental conservation. Moreover, it offers a methodical assessment of the hurdles associated with applying the Environmental Protection and Management Act, all in pursuit of achieving sustainable development. This review delineates the relevant legislation, fundamental principles, and established methodologies pertaining to the subject matter at hand. The Environmental Protection Program endeavors to enhance public cognizance of the repercussions of environmental alterations through the systematic management of dangerous substances and environmental predicaments. The environmental policy of Nigeria incorporates a set of legal and regulatory frameworks, standards, protocols, and governance mechanisms that aim to govern and mitigate activities that may potentially result in adverse effects on the country’s ecosystem. The establishment of environmental legislation represents a deliberate effort to confront a range of ecological pollutants, which encompasses, but is not constrained to, noxious chemicals and audible disturbances. The present article posits that the integration of environmental sustainability education within the academic curricula of primary, secondary and tertiary schools is of paramount importance. This assertion stems from the pressing need to address the increasing threat of environmental degradation, which highlights the importance of promoting greater awareness and understanding of ecological systems and their impacts on human well-being. Furthermore, this article emphasizes the need to accord greater gravity to environmental pollution awareness campaigns, in recognition of their underlying significance for ensuring a sustainable future.
Gabriel Gbenga Babaniyi, Ulelu Jessica Akor, Joshua Ibukun Adebomi
Environmental Conservation for Sustainable Agriculture
Sustainable agriculture is an effective approach towards environmental conservation. While agriculture provides food and livelihood for millions of people it also contributes to deforestation, habitat loss, soil erosion, etc. Additionally, the sector is a significant source of pollution, with pesticides and fertilisers contaminating waterways and disrupting ecosystems. Agricultural expansion often leads to the encroachment of wild lands, driving down prices and contributing to poverty. To address these challenges, sustainable agricultural practices are essential. This chapter explains how cutting-edge techniques can help reduce agriculture’s negative environmental effects and ensure long-term food production. These techniques include crop breeding, carbon sequestration, microbiome management, and climate smart irrigation. Reducing reliance on natural resources and using inputs more effectively are two ways to promote sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture takes a holistic approach to farming by integrating three key objectives: social equity, economic profitability, and environmental health. By adopting these principles and leveraging technological advancements, the future of environmental conservation and sustainable agriculture looks promising. Environmental conservation is paramount for sustainable agriculture. We can reduce the damaging effects of agriculture on the environment while ensuring long-term food production and security by implementing sustainable practises, such as organic farming and climate-smart agriculture. Prioritising the adoption of these strategies is essential if we are to create an agricultural system that is resilient and sustainable for both the present and the future.
Ashwitha Kodaparthi, Venkateswar Reddy Kondakindi, Laraib Kehkashaan, Madhuri Venkatesh Belli, Hritabrat Nag Chowdhury, Akila Aleti, Shweta Rajpurohit, Sai Jahnavi Vasanthu, Kalyani Chepuri
Environmental Conservation for Rural and Urban Development
In terms of economy, society, and the environment, both urban and rural regions are interconnected. One of the main sectors where there are strong links between rural and urban communities is ecological services. The careful investigation of a variety of empirical as well as theoretical research forms the basis of this essay. The many advantages that urban and rural regions receive from their connection are examined from the viewpoint of ecological services. The major goal was to clarify how using ecological services in rural regions might improve rural–urban connections. Usually, urban expansion cannot be imagined alongside rural development, particularly in areas where farming is the main sector. Rural areas are necessary for the existence of urban areas. Urban regions acquire nearly every aspect of their ecological services from rural regions. To meet their needs for nourishment, drinking water, timber, supplies of raw material, etc., since they are essentially byproducts of rural ecological services, urban regions depend on rural areas. It is important to acknowledge the benefits that urbanization offers to rural communities, including improved mobility to markets, agricultural supplies, employment possibilities, and more. Effectively planned “rural–urban” connectedness is necessary, according to the principle that growth in urban areas should not have any influence on the availability of services provided by rural ecosystems or rural living. To guarantee the long-term sustainability of assistance, rural region ecology requires being preserved, and rural residents should draw the attention of the government to the ecological benefits that these areas provide.
Srinivasan Kameswaran, Bellamkonda Ramesh, Manjunatha Bangeppagari
Impact of Emerging Contaminant on Farmland Soil
The global focus on emerging contaminants is justified because of their harmful impact on human health and the urgent need to establish regulatory standards. The quantification of certain emerging contaminants in worldwide soil is measured in metric tons; however, Identifying the source of these contaminants in soil environments is difficult because of the diverse nature of the medium and the complex mechanisms involved in their interactions. Most emerging contaminants demonstrate a heightened affinity for solid matrices and tend to adhere to them. These emerging contaminants not only disrupt the functionality of soil but also impact plants and animals. The toxicity of these contaminants can be observed in cell cultures and animals within a range spanning from nmol to mmol. These substances tend to accumulate in root-based food crops, posing a potential threat to human health. The lack of a thorough understanding regarding the fate of certain emerging contaminants in anaerobic environments and their pathways within the food web hinders the development of effective bioremediation strategies, the restoration of polluted soils, and the support for global regulatory initiatives. Despite the established harmful effects of these contaminants on living organisms, there are currently no specific environmental laws or guidelines in place to address them. Additionally, available information concerning the impact of soil pollution from emerging contaminants on human health remains incomplete. Therefore, we present a comprehensive explanation of several notably significant emerging contaminants, specifically: PFAS, micro/nanoplastics, additives (biphenyls, phthalates), flame retardants, and nanoparticles. Our focus centers on quantifying the burden of contaminants in soil and examining the resultant repercussions.
Babafemi Raphael Babaniyi, Ebunoluwa Elizabeth Babaniyi, Joshua Ibukun Adebomi

Soil and Soil Issues

Soil Formation, Soil Health and Soil Biodiversity
Increase in human population has led to industrialization and deterioration of the environment, including the soil. Also, there is also a constant rise in demand for food, mostly gotten from plants. To attain this, the soil needs to be healthy to support the growth of plants. A healthy soil is thus one that is rich in and contains the correct proportion of nutrients, diversity of living organisms and supports plant growth. Living organisms such as earthworms help in stabilizing soil structure, good drainage and ensuring nutrients availability. Soil microorganisms such as Azotobacter spp. and Bacillus spp. also play a huge role in breaking down and ensuring that nutrients such as nitrate, iron and phosphorus are available in forms that can be assimilated by plants. Others such as Pseudomonas spp. breakdown pollutants to useful forms, thereby making the soil conducive for living organisms. This chapter thus looks at the factors that promote soil formation, health and biodiversity while also proffering methods to improve soil health such as the introduction of soil-health promoting living organisms.
O. A. Adewara, T. C. Adebayo-Olajide, J. S. Ayedun, B. C. Kotun, A. J. Adeleke, A. David Brown, O. J. Alabi, S. T. Ogunbanwo
Topsoil Regeneration and Bio-sequestration
Soil regenerating is a type of ecological regeneration within the field of restoration ecology, it is the process of creating new soil and rejuvenating soil health by minimizing topsoil loss, maintaining greater amounts of carbon than becomes depleted, increasing the environment, and maintaining proper water and nutrient cycling. This has several advantages, including soil carbon retention in response to the rising danger of climate change, reduced risk of soil erosion, and greater overall soil resilience. Soil restoration is the procedure of enhancing its nutritional value by the addition of biological material that aids in discharge, absorption of water, and plant nourishment. Soil regeneration farming is the practice of restoring minerals and biological material of soil in order to increase the growth condition and production. We will interrelate top soil regeneration with bio-sequestration, a novel and fascinating method that uses nature’s power to lower the quantity of molecules of carbon dioxide (CO2) of following surrounding environment. It mainly undergoes natural procedure where CO2 taken off from environment and accumulated in organic materials such as vegetation and soil. The technique of retaining carbon in a carbon pool is known as carbon sequestration (or carbon storage). Carbon sequestration occurs naturally, but it may also be done by technology, such as in capturing and storing carbon projects. Carbon sequestration may be classified into two types: geologic and biotic (also known as bio-sequestration).
Ashwitha Kodaparthi, Karra Veera Bhuvana Sai Prajna, Shaik Aaliya Tabassum, Kathuroju Harikrishna, Ramachandruni Bhavya Sri, Mykala Manish, Kalyani Chepuri
Soil Erosion, Mineral Depletion and Regeneration
Recent years have seen a rise in awareness of the urgent environmental issues of soil erosion and mineral depletion, which have far-reaching effects on agriculture, the health of ecosystems, and the encouragement of sustainable land use. This abstract seeks to provide a summary of these interrelated occurrences by looking at their underlying origins, effects, and potential solutions. Both global food security and environmental balance are seriously threatened by the interconnected processes of soil erosion and mineral depletion, which are both defined as the physical removal of the topsoil layer. To support plant development and preserve soil fertility, certain minerals and nutrients are crucial. When vital substances like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and micronutrients are eroded or leached from the soil at a pace that is quicker than they can be naturally supplied, the result is mineral depletion, also known as soil nutrient depletion. This depletion is caused by intensive farming methods, uneven fertilization, and poor soil management. A limited and priceless resource, soil serves as the foundation for agriculture and the maintenance of a variety of ecosystems, maintaining life as we know it on Earth. However, the concurrent problems of mineral depletion, or the loss of vital nutrients from the soil, and soil erosion, which is the process by which soil is displaced or washed away by natural forces, represent linked risks to the sustainability and productivity of our landscapes. This abstract highlight the causes, effects, and potential solutions of mineral depletion and soil erosion from a basic perspective. Soil erosion is caused by a variety of sources, including both natural and man-made forces. Erosion rates are accelerated by human activities including deforestation, agriculture, building, and mining as well as by natural forces like precipitation, wind, and geological processes. Overgrazing and monoculture farming are only two examples of unsustainable land management practices that significantly contribute to erosion. There are several effects of soil erosion on both terrestrial and aquatic environments. It has an adverse impact on agriculture, lowering crop yields and raising expenses of production. Sediment flow from degraded soil can clog waterways and harm aquatic ecosystems and water quality. Furthermore, soil erosion increases susceptibility to climate change, the loss of arable land, and the deterioration of biodiversity. There is a complex relationship between soil erosion and mineral depletion. Mineral depletion is accelerated by the removal of key nutrients necessary for plant development by eroded topsoil. On the other hand, nutrient-depleted soils may have less plant present, making them more prone to erosion. The detrimental effects on ecosystem health and agricultural output are amplified by this feedback loop. As a result of crop nutrition being compromised by mineral depletion, human and animal diets become deficient. In addition to lowering food quality, it makes it harder for soils to support a variety of plant species and maintain ecological balance. The lack of some minerals, such as phosphate and potassium, also increases dependency on synthetic fertilizers, which have their own negative effects on the environment and the economy. It is necessary to employ a multimodal approach that includes sustainable land management techniques, regulatory interventions, and technical advancements to address the problems of soil erosion and mineral depletion. The use of precision agriculture, which uses technology to assess soil nutrient levels and apply fertilizers more effectively, soil testing, conservation agriculture, afforestation and reforestation, government policies that enforce regulations and provide incentives to encourage responsible land use, research, and education are important strategies. In order to protect both the resilience of ecosystems and global food security, soil erosion and mineral depletion are connected environmental concerns that must be addressed right away. For a sustainable future to be ensured, a complete understanding of the causes, effects, and potential remedies for these difficulties is essential. Policymakers, farmers, researchers, and the larger society must work together to combat soil erosion and mineral depletion in order to save our priceless soil resources and advance ethical land management techniques.
Innocent Ojeba Musa, Job Oloruntoba Samuel, Mustahpa Adams, Mustapha Abdulsalam, Vivian Nathaniel, Asmau M. Maude, O. A. Adedayo, Abd’Gafar Tunde Tiamiyu
Recycling Resources of Soil and Agroecosystem
Realizing the reuse of agricultural organic waste (AOW) to ensure the sustainable development of agricultural production has been a key area of research over the past decade. As agriculture continues to progress, agricultural organic waste is emerging as the Earth’s most abundant green energy source. The biggest obstacles in the restoration of agricultural utilization, however, are the accumulation of harmful fungi and insect eggs, the release of greenhouse gasses, and the inability of lignocellulose to break down agricultural organic waste. To address these problems, researchers have promoted the recycling of organic waste by pretreating agricultural organic waste (AOW), controlling the composting environment, and adding extra materials to create an environmentally friendly comeback of agricultural organic wastes towards the farm as well as encourage the expansion of the farming sector. The present study aims to provide recommendations regarding possible future associated research by providing a summary of current studies on composting problems, composting-influencing elements, and composting techniques.
Kameswaran Srinivasan Kameswaran, Ramesh Bellamkonda, Manjunatha Bangeppagari
Natural Occurrences of Soil Dilapidation
One of the most difficult problems facing many parts of the world, particularly developing countries, is soil dilapidation, which is still a major hazard that is garnering attention on a worldwide scale due to practical reasons that are directly driven by natural phenomena. Despite the value of soil, its repercussions for dilapidation—possibly brought on by various physical, biological, and chemical processes produced by certain processes (both naturally occurring and induced by humans) that reduce sustainable yield—lead to a long-lasting, persistent devaluation of soil. Therefore, the goal of this review is to provide a detailed historical background of soil dilapidation, its natural occurrences, variables that contribute to these occurrences, mitigation and management strategies, and policy and regulatory approaches to soil management based on previously published material. Furthermore, a discussion and presentation of various technological approaches are provided to mitigate and manage the process of soil dilapidation and nature protection, along with the opportunities and prospects.
Miracle Uwa Livinus, Sunday Zeal Bala, Mustapha Abdulsalam, Musa Ojeba Innocent, Madinat Hassan, Priscilla Kini

Soil Regeneration and Influencing Factors

Regenerative Agriculture for Food Security
Various stakeholders in the government, corporate, and nonprofit sectors exhibit a growing interest in regenerative agriculture. This includes practitioner organizations in the field of regenerative agriculture and the expanding academic discourse around it. However, this article aims to provide a research-driven clarification of how specific individuals and organizations have interpreted or applied the term “regenerative agriculture.“ The efficacy of conservation agriculture in preventing, arresting, and even reversing soil degradation while enhancing soil quality has been repeatedly demonstrated. Agriculture is poised to play a pivotal role in addressing the global food challenge, as it contributes both to the predicament and offers a potential solution. Across a broad range of agricultural settings, there are a number of transformative agricultural techniques that are quickly evolving, vibrant, and diversified. In truth, environmental components like economic, institutional, and political restraints, as well as visibly skewed power systems, can operate as barriers to such transitions. Thus, the institutional, political, and economic environment in which social diffusion processes take place determines their potential. Because of this, it is obvious that the forces causing change are not just present in farmers and their individual learning processes, but also spread out among smaller and larger structures, which consequently also hold a large share of the responsibility for fostering such transitional processes. The soil is fundamentally connected to food security. Land usage must be based on what it is capable of in order to prevent future degradation. By taking care of the soil, we can either seek to use regenerative agriculture to try to make up for what has been lost, or we can preserve the soil's capacity and condition. This inquiry has illuminated ways to enhance and ensure the well-being of current and upcoming generations by considering food security and soil security as intertwined concepts. To safeguard food and nutrition security, it is imperative to cultivate novel perspectives.
Gabriel Gbenga Babaniyi, Femi Ibrahim, Ulelu Jessica Akor, Oluwatosin Emmanuel Daramola
Soil Regeneration and Microbial Community on Terrestrial Food Chain
The chapter on soil regeneration explores the various methods and techniques used to restore and improve the health of soil. It delves into the importance of soil regeneration for sustainable agriculture, environmental conservation, and climate change mitigation. The chapter also discusses the detrimental effects of such conventional agricultural practices as intensive tillage, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides on soil health and biodiversity. It highlights the need for regenerative practices that focus on building organic matter, enhancing soil structure, promoting microbial activity, and increasing nutrient availability.
A. I. Gabasawa, G. A. Abubakar, D. N. Obemah
Impact of Regenerative Agriculture on Soil Erosion
In current civilization, soil erosion can be considered one of the main issues faced in the agricultural system. Conventional agricultural practices have severely jeopardized regular agricultural activities, affecting yield production, and degradation of environmental stability has been a significant factor in deteriorating soil quality and health over the years. In order to improve soil quality and biodiversity, the world is seeking an alternative option. This is when regenerative agriculture emerged as a promising approach with better land management strategies and means of sustainable agriculture. This chapter highlights the factors affecting soil erosion and their impact on biodiversity, and how regenerative agriculture helps in controlling and preventing soil erosion to increase agriculture productivity and ecosystem health. It also examines the mechanism and effects of various regenerative agricultural framing practices such as Crover cropping, no tilling, Agroforestry, crop rotation, intentional grazing, and mulching, etc. on reducing soil erosion rates, enhancing soil structure, and protecting against extreme weather conditions. This chapter also discusses the benefits and contributions of regenerative agriculture beyond soil erosion such as increased soil organic matter, improved water infiltration, and enhanced nutrient cycles, etc. these factors not only help prevent soil erosion rates but also promote soil fertility and long-term sustainability. It also reviews the case studies, experimental studies, and real-life examples to underscore the effectiveness of these practices in reducing the vulnerability to soil erosion and enhancing the quality of soil thus improving agricultural productivity for farmers. By comprehending its advantages, this chapter proposes the widespread adaptation of regenerative agricultural practices for building more resilient and sustainable agricultural systems to improve soil quality across the globe for coming generations.
Ashwitha Kodaparthi, Pabbati Ranjit, P Gnana Deepu, Desavathi Manju Kaushik, Lade Akshayani Valli, Pindi Ashrutha, Jogipeta Harihara, Kalyani Chepuri
Advantages and Disadvantages of Soil Regeneration
Soil regeneration generally focuses on soil restoration and improving its quality in order to improve plant growth and crop yields without degrading the soils. Soil regeneration improves not only its sustainability but also tends to improve its water quality and protect the soil against erosion through runoff. Some of these techniques used for soil regeneration are cover cropping, crop rotation, zero till or minimal tillage, reducing soil disturbance, mulching, and integrated nutrient management (INM). These practices have many promising benefits, which include carbon sequestration and reducing the use of fossil fuels. In less than a decade, we’ve seen soil regeneration through regenerative farming, providing solutions to soil deterioration and future of farming system for the increasing world population. For example, in Singapore, Soil regeneration enables Singaporeans to have the capacity to not just know and appreciate food but also grow their own without soil deterioration. Despite the clear benefits of this, such as mitigating emissions, improved soil fertility, higher nutrient use efficiency, biodiversity conservation, and improved long-term farmer livelihoods. It’s still not growing fast enough, this is alarming because the solutions to our problems are available through our traditional conservation farming methods and we don’t need to reinvent the wheel.
G. A. Abubakar, A. I. Gabasawa, L. A. Sale, D. N. Obemah
Rural and Urban Development: Pathways to Environmental Conservation and Sustainability
This comprehensive project focuses on the soil regeneration and with the theme of environmental conservation for sustainable rural and urban development. It examines the importance of balancing development with environmental conservation to ensure long-term sustainability. The work discusses various aspects of environmental conservation, including the preservation of biodiversity, protection of ecosystems, mitigation of climate change, and the availability of natural resources. It highlights strategies for environmental conservation, such as sustainable land management, community engagement, policy and governance, and technological innovations. The work explores the challenges faced in environmental conservation and presents solutions, including awareness campaigns, capacity building, and international cooperation. Moreover, it showcases case studies and success stories from around the world, with a particular focus on Nigeria, demonstrating the positive impact of environmental conservation on both rural and urban communities. Overall, this work emphasizes the significance of environmental conservation as a pathway to achieve sustainable rural and urban development, promoting a resilient and harmonious future.
Ojo Emmanuel Ige, Festus Rotimi Ojo, Sunday Amos Onikanni
Soil Microbiome in Nutrient Conservation for Plant Growth
The soil microbiome, a diverse and dynamic community of microorganisms residing beneath our feet, plays a vital role in the conservation and cycling essential nutrients that are needed for the growth of plants. This chapter explores the intricate relationships between soil microorganisms and plants with focus on their collaborative efforts to maintain soil fertility and also sustain terrestrial ecosystems. In the complex web of interactions, nitrogen-fixing bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi emerge as key protagonists. Understanding of soil microbiome offers invaluable insights in the mechanisms underpinning nutrient conservation and availability for plants. Moreover, recent advances hold promises in optimizing agricultural practices, reducing reliance in chemical fertilizers and also enhancing crop reliance to environmental stresses through metagenomics and microbiome engineering. However, there are challenges which includes the vast diversity of soil microorganisms, dynamic nature of soil ecosystems, and ethical considerations surrounding microbiome manipulation. Nonetheless, the potential benefits from sustainable agriculture to ecosystem restoration, underscore the importance of continued research into the soil microbiome. In conclusion, soil microbiome is a hidden treasure beneath our feet that shapes the foundation of life on earth. As its complexities are unraveled, the opportunities to nurture greener, more food security and environmentally sustainable future will also be unveiled.
Eze, Kingsley Chijioke, Obasi, Nnenna Patrick, Ewa, Shine Chikaodis, Eyibio, Nkpouto Usenekong
Women Empowerment in Environmental Conservation
The current global environmental landscape confronts unparalleled challenges, requiring a variety of perspectives to cultivate enduring solutions. This study delves into the crucial subject of promoting women's involvement in environmental preservation, aiming to rectify gender disparities in engagement. It explores the historical legacies of women in conservation, ranging from the pioneering work of Rachel Carson to the transformative Green Belt Movement led by Wangari Maathai. Employing a research approach deeply rooted in extensive secondary data, this study investigates the multifaceted aspect of women’s participation in environmental preservation. The results spotlight significant historical and contemporary contributions, underlining the economic, social, and environmental advantages of empowering women. Recommendations underscore the necessity for gender diversity, inclusiveness, and skill enhancement within environmental organizations, policy development, and grassroots movements. A prominent discovery emphasizes the considerable impact women have in surmounting gender-related hurdles within the field, underscoring their resilience. This study offers actionable suggestions for promoting gender equality within the field, underscoring that women’s empowerment in environmental preservation is a vital strategy for a sustainable future. However, this study highlights the pivotal role of women in addressing environmental challenges, providing insights into methods for fostering gender equality. It underscores the necessity for gender inclusivity in realizing global sustainability objectives, emphasizing women’s contributions to environmental preservation as fundamental to shaping a more inclusive and sustainable future.
Mustapha Abdulsalam, Shehu-Alimi Elelu, Musa Ojeba Innocent, Ganiyat Omotayo Ibrahim, Miracle Uwa Livinus, Salami Olaitan Lateefat, Auwal Sagir Muhammad
Future Direction of Environmental Conservation and Soil Regeneration
The well-being of the Earth's ecosystems is intimately correlated with the condition of its soils, environmental preservation and soil regeneration are essential to preserving the long-term viability of the planet. The foundation of terrestrial life is soil, which supplies vital nutrients, fosters plant growth, controls water cycles, and acts as a carbon sink. The urgent need for environmental conservation and soil regeneration has come to light in light of current fast industrialization, urbanization, and unsustainable land management practices. This chapter examines the significance of environmental preservation in the context of soil regeneration, examining various approaches, their advantages, and the difficulties involved in carrying out these vital tasks.
Katherine Georgina Menon, Venkateswar Reddy Kondakindi, Ranjit Pabbati, P. Paul Vijay
Prospects for Soil Regeneration and Its Impact on Environmental Protection
Sesan Abiodun Aransiola
Babafemi Raphael Babaniyi
Adejoke Blessing Aransiola
Naga Raju Maddela
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