Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2020 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

10. Public Opinion and Canadian Defence Policy

Author: Jean-Christophe Boucher

Published in: Canadian Defence Policy in Theory and Practice

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

share
SHARE

Abstract

In democracies, defence policy formulation and implementation are constrained by democratic deliberation and scrutiny. In this respect, the public plays an important role in delimitating the goals, means and priorities policy implementation. Accordingly, democratic leaders and senior public servants need to legitimize defence policy decisions in such a way as to gain widespread public assent. What do Canadians want in terms of defence policy? And more importantly, why do they share these preferences? Our chapter tries to review the existing academic research on Canadian public opinion on defence policy. First, we examine the attitude of Canadians towards defence policy issues. The number and quality of public opinion surveys examining defence policy issues has improved dramatically in the last decade and has provided scholars with a much stronger empirical foundation to reconsider strongly held assumptions on the nature and role of public opinion towards defence issues in Canada. Second, we explore the causes of defence policy preferences of Canadians. Although this research programme is still progressing, recent scholarly works have enriched our grasp of the underlying rationales associated with Canadians opinion towards defence policy issues.

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 58.000 Bücher
  • über 300 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
go back to reference Baldwin, David A. 1997. The Concept of Security. Review of International Studies 23: 5–26. CrossRef Baldwin, David A. 1997. The Concept of Security. Review of International Studies 23: 5–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Bercuson, David. 1996. Significant Incident: Canada’s Army, the Airborne, and the Murder in Somalia. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. Bercuson, David. 1996. Significant Incident: Canada’s Army, the Airborne, and the Murder in Somalia. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
go back to reference Boucher, Jean-Christophe, and Kim Richard Nossal. 2017. The Politics of War: Canada’s Mission in Afghanistan: 2001–14. Vancouver: UBC Press. Boucher, Jean-Christophe, and Kim Richard Nossal. 2017. The Politics of War: Canada’s Mission in Afghanistan: 2001–14. Vancouver: UBC Press.
go back to reference Boucher, Jean-Christophe. 2010. Evaluating the “Trenton Effect”: Canadian Public Opinion and Military Casualties in Afghanistan (2006–2010). American Review of Canadian Studies 40 (2): 237–258. CrossRef Boucher, Jean-Christophe. 2010. Evaluating the “Trenton Effect”: Canadian Public Opinion and Military Casualties in Afghanistan (2006–2010). American Review of Canadian Studies 40 (2): 237–258. CrossRef
go back to reference Bourdieu, Pierre. 1979. Public Opinion Does Not Exist. In Communication and Class Struggle, ed. Armand Mattelart and Seth Siegelaub. New York: International General. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1979. Public Opinion Does Not Exist. In Communication and Class Struggle, ed. Armand Mattelart and Seth Siegelaub. New York: International General.
go back to reference Bow, Brian, and David Black. 2008–2009. Does Politics Stop at the Water Edge in Canada? Party and Partisanship in Canadian Foreign Policy. International Journal 64 (1) (hiver): 7–27. Bow, Brian, and David Black. 2008–2009. Does Politics Stop at the Water Edge in Canada? Party and Partisanship in Canadian Foreign Policy. International Journal 64 (1) (hiver): 7–27.
go back to reference Breede, H.Christian. 2014. Defining Success: Canada in Afghanistan 2006–2011. American Review of Canadian Studies 44 (4): 484–502. CrossRef Breede, H.Christian. 2014. Defining Success: Canada in Afghanistan 2006–2011. American Review of Canadian Studies 44 (4): 484–502. CrossRef
go back to reference Carroll, Michael K. 2009. Pearson’s Peacekeepers: Canada and the United Nations Emergency Force: 1956–1967. Vancouver: The University of British Columbia Press. Carroll, Michael K. 2009. Pearson’s Peacekeepers: Canada and the United Nations Emergency Force: 1956–1967. Vancouver: The University of British Columbia Press.
go back to reference Cohen, Andrew. 2003. While Canada Slept: How We Lost Our Place in the World. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Ltd. Cohen, Andrew. 2003. While Canada Slept: How We Lost Our Place in the World. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Ltd.
go back to reference Department of National Defence. 2002. The Defence Portfolio 2002. Ottawa: Supply and Services. Department of National Defence. 2002. The Defence Portfolio 2002. Ottawa: Supply and Services.
go back to reference Department of National Defence. 2016. Strong, Secure, and Engaged. Ottawa: Supply and Services. Department of National Defence. 2016. Strong, Secure, and Engaged. Ottawa: Supply and Services.
go back to reference Entman, Robert M. 2004. Projections of Power: Framing News, Public Opinions, and US Foreign Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Entman, Robert M. 2004. Projections of Power: Framing News, Public Opinions, and US Foreign Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Fitzsimmons, Scott, Craigie Allan, and Bodet Marc-André. 2014. Canadian Public Opinion About the Military: Assessing the Influences on Attitudes Toward Defence Spending and Participation in Overseas Combat Operations. Canadian Journal of Political Science 47 (3): 503–518. CrossRef Fitzsimmons, Scott, Craigie Allan, and Bodet Marc-André. 2014. Canadian Public Opinion About the Military: Assessing the Influences on Attitudes Toward Defence Spending and Participation in Overseas Combat Operations. Canadian Journal of Political Science 47 (3): 503–518. CrossRef
go back to reference Gecelovsky, Paul, and Chris Kukucha. 2009. Much Ado About Parties: Conservative and Liberal Approaches to Canada’s Foreign Economic Relations with the US. International Journal 64 (1): 29–46. CrossRef Gecelovsky, Paul, and Chris Kukucha. 2009. Much Ado About Parties: Conservative and Liberal Approaches to Canada’s Foreign Economic Relations with the US. International Journal 64 (1): 29–46. CrossRef
go back to reference Geis, Anna, Harald Müller, and Niklas Schörning (eds.). 2013. The Militant Face of Democracy: Liberal Forces for Good. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Geis, Anna, Harald Müller, and Niklas Schörning (eds.). 2013. The Militant Face of Democracy: Liberal Forces for Good. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Gravelle, Timothy B., Thomas J. Scotto, Jason Reifler, and Harold D. Clarke. 2014. Foreign Policy Beliefs and Support for Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 20 (2): 111–130. CrossRef Gravelle, Timothy B., Thomas J. Scotto, Jason Reifler, and Harold D. Clarke. 2014. Foreign Policy Beliefs and Support for Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 20 (2): 111–130. CrossRef
go back to reference Guisinger, Alexandra, and Elizabeth N. Saunders. 2017. Mapping the Boundaries of Elite Cues: How Elites Shape Mass Opinion Across International Issues. International Studies Quarterly 61 (3): 425–441. CrossRef Guisinger, Alexandra, and Elizabeth N. Saunders. 2017. Mapping the Boundaries of Elite Cues: How Elites Shape Mass Opinion Across International Issues. International Studies Quarterly 61 (3): 425–441. CrossRef
go back to reference Holsti, Ole R. 2011. American Public Opinion on the Iraq War. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. CrossRef Holsti, Ole R. 2011. American Public Opinion on the Iraq War. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Katz, Andrew. 2017. When Democracies Choose War: Politics, Public Opinion, and the Marketplace of Ideas. London: Lynne Rienner. Katz, Andrew. 2017. When Democracies Choose War: Politics, Public Opinion, and the Marketplace of Ideas. London: Lynne Rienner.
go back to reference Kertzer, Joshua D. 2017. Microfoundations in International Relations. Conflict and Management and Peace Science 34 (1): 81–97. CrossRef Kertzer, Joshua D. 2017. Microfoundations in International Relations. Conflict and Management and Peace Science 34 (1): 81–97. CrossRef
go back to reference Krahmann, Elke. 2008. Security: Collective Good or Commodity? European Journal of International Relations 14 (3): 379–404. CrossRef Krahmann, Elke. 2008. Security: Collective Good or Commodity? European Journal of International Relations 14 (3): 379–404. CrossRef
go back to reference Kreps, Sarah. 2010. Elite Consensus as a Determinant of Alliance Cohesion: Why Public Opinion Hardly Matters for NATO-Led Operations in Afghanistan. Foreign Policy Analysis 6 (3): 191–215. CrossRef Kreps, Sarah. 2010. Elite Consensus as a Determinant of Alliance Cohesion: Why Public Opinion Hardly Matters for NATO-Led Operations in Afghanistan. Foreign Policy Analysis 6 (3): 191–215. CrossRef
go back to reference Lagassé, Philippe. 2004. Matching Ends and Means in Canadian Defence. In Canada Among Nations 2004: Setting Priorities Straight, eds. David Carment, Fen Olser Hampson, and Norman Hillmer, 73–92. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press. Lagassé, Philippe. 2004. Matching Ends and Means in Canadian Defence. In Canada Among Nations 2004: Setting Priorities Straight, eds. David Carment, Fen Olser Hampson, and Norman Hillmer, 73–92. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
go back to reference Landriault, Mathieu. 2016. Does Voting End at the Water’s Edge? Canadian Public Opinion and Voter Intentions, 2006–2015. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 22 (3): 249–261. CrossRef Landriault, Mathieu. 2016. Does Voting End at the Water’s Edge? Canadian Public Opinion and Voter Intentions, 2006–2015. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 22 (3): 249–261. CrossRef
go back to reference Martin, Pierre, and Michel Fortmann. 1995. Canadian Public Opinion and Peacekeeping in a Turbulent World. International Journal 50: 370–400. CrossRef Martin, Pierre, and Michel Fortmann. 1995. Canadian Public Opinion and Peacekeeping in a Turbulent World. International Journal 50: 370–400. CrossRef
go back to reference Massie, Justin, and Jean-Christophe Boucher. 2013. Militaristes et anti-impérialistes: Les Québécois face à la sécurité internationale. Études Internationales 64 (3): 359–385. CrossRef Massie, Justin, and Jean-Christophe Boucher. 2013. Militaristes et anti-impérialistes: Les Québécois face à la sécurité internationale. Études Internationales 64 (3): 359–385. CrossRef
go back to reference Massie, Justin, and Stéphane Roussel. 2008. Au service de l’unité: Le rôle des mythes en politique étrangère canadienne. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 14 (2): 67–93. CrossRef Massie, Justin, and Stéphane Roussel. 2008. Au service de l’unité: Le rôle des mythes en politique étrangère canadienne. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 14 (2): 67–93. CrossRef
go back to reference Massie, Justin. 2013. Francosphère. Montreal: Presses de l’Université du Québec. Massie, Justin. 2013. Francosphère. Montreal: Presses de l’Université du Québec.
go back to reference Massie, Justin. 2008. Regional Strategic Subcultures? Canadians and the Use of Force in Afghanistan and Iraq. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 14 (2): 19–48. CrossRef Massie, Justin. 2008. Regional Strategic Subcultures? Canadians and the Use of Force in Afghanistan and Iraq. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal 14 (2): 19–48. CrossRef
go back to reference McCullough, Colin. 2016. Creating Canada’s Peacekeeping Past. Vancouver: UBC Press. McCullough, Colin. 2016. Creating Canada’s Peacekeeping Past. Vancouver: UBC Press.
go back to reference McDonough, David S. 2013. Getting It Just Right: Strategic Culture, Cybernetics, and Canada’s Goldilocks Grand Strategy. Comparative Strategy 32 (3): 224–244. CrossRef McDonough, David S. 2013. Getting It Just Right: Strategic Culture, Cybernetics, and Canada’s Goldilocks Grand Strategy. Comparative Strategy 32 (3): 224–244. CrossRef
go back to reference McLauchlin, Theodore. 2017. Partnerships in Military Interventions and the Canadian Public. Canadian Journal of Political Science 50 (3): 773–793. CrossRef McLauchlin, Theodore. 2017. Partnerships in Military Interventions and the Canadian Public. Canadian Journal of Political Science 50 (3): 773–793. CrossRef
go back to reference Melakopides, Costas. 1998. Pragmatic Idealism: Canadian Foreign Policy, 1945–1995. Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press. Melakopides, Costas. 1998. Pragmatic Idealism: Canadian Foreign Policy, 1945–1995. Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
go back to reference Mello, Patrick A. 2014. Democratic Participation in Armed Conflict. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef Mello, Patrick A. 2014. Democratic Participation in Armed Conflict. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
go back to reference Mueller, John. 2006. How Politicians and the Terrorism Industry Inflate National Security Threats. New York: Free Press. Mueller, John. 2006. How Politicians and the Terrorism Industry Inflate National Security Threats. New York: Free Press.
go back to reference Munton, Don, and Tom Keating. 2001. Internationalism and the Canadian Public. Canadian Journal of Political Science 34 (3): 517–549. CrossRef Munton, Don, and Tom Keating. 2001. Internationalism and the Canadian Public. Canadian Journal of Political Science 34 (3): 517–549. CrossRef
go back to reference Nastro, Louis, and Kim Richard Nossal. 1997. The Commitment-Capability Gap: Implication for Canadian Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era. Canadian Defence Quarterly 45 (3): 234–245. Nastro, Louis, and Kim Richard Nossal. 1997. The Commitment-Capability Gap: Implication for Canadian Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era. Canadian Defence Quarterly 45 (3): 234–245.
go back to reference Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1992. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in Americans’ Policy Preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. CrossRef Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1992. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in Americans’ Policy Preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Paris, Roland. 2014. Are Canadians Still Liberal Internationalists? Foreign Policy and Public Opinion in the Harper Era. International Journal 69: 274–307. CrossRef Paris, Roland. 2014. Are Canadians Still Liberal Internationalists? Foreign Policy and Public Opinion in the Harper Era. International Journal 69: 274–307. CrossRef
go back to reference Rathbun, Brian C. 2004. Partisan Interventions: European Party Politics and Peace Enforcement in the Balkans. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Rathbun, Brian C. 2004. Partisan Interventions: European Party Politics and Peace Enforcement in the Balkans. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
go back to reference Rothschild, David, and Neil Malhotra. 2014. Are Public Opinion Polls Self-Fulfilling Prophecies? Research and Politics 1 (2): 1–10. CrossRef Rothschild, David, and Neil Malhotra. 2014. Are Public Opinion Polls Self-Fulfilling Prophecies? Research and Politics 1 (2): 1–10. CrossRef
go back to reference Roussel, Stéphane, and Jean-Christophe Boucher. 2008. The Myth of the Pacific Society: Quebec’s Contemporary Strategic Culture. American Review of Canadian Studies 38 (2): 165–187. CrossRef Roussel, Stéphane, and Jean-Christophe Boucher. 2008. The Myth of the Pacific Society: Quebec’s Contemporary Strategic Culture. American Review of Canadian Studies 38 (2): 165–187. CrossRef
go back to reference Saideman, Stephen M. 2016. Adapting in the Dust. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Saideman, Stephen M. 2016. Adapting in the Dust. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
go back to reference Simon, Christopher A., and Nicholas P. Lovrich. 2010. Citizen Support for Military Expenditures: A Longitudinal Analysis of U.S. Public Opinion, 1999–2002. Armed Forces & Society 36: 454–480. CrossRef Simon, Christopher A., and Nicholas P. Lovrich. 2010. Citizen Support for Military Expenditures: A Longitudinal Analysis of U.S. Public Opinion, 1999–2002. Armed Forces & Society 36: 454–480. CrossRef
go back to reference Soroka, Stuart N., and Christopher Wlezien. 2010. Degrees of Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Soroka, Stuart N., and Christopher Wlezien. 2010. Degrees of Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Ullman, Richard H. 1983. Redefining Security. International Security 8 (1): 129–153. CrossRef Ullman, Richard H. 1983. Redefining Security. International Security 8 (1): 129–153. CrossRef
go back to reference Veilleux-Lepage, Yannick. 2013. Implications of the Sunk Cost Effect and Regional Proximity for Public Support for Canada’s Mission in Kandahar. International Journal 68 (2): 346–358. CrossRef Veilleux-Lepage, Yannick. 2013. Implications of the Sunk Cost Effect and Regional Proximity for Public Support for Canada’s Mission in Kandahar. International Journal 68 (2): 346–358. CrossRef
go back to reference Welsh, Jennifer. 2004. At Home in the World: Canada’s Global Vision in the 21st Century. Toronto: Harper Collins. Welsh, Jennifer. 2004. At Home in the World: Canada’s Global Vision in the 21st Century. Toronto: Harper Collins.
go back to reference Wlezien, Christopher. 1995. The Public as Thermostat: Dynamics of Preferences for Spending. American Journal of Political Science 39: 981–1000. CrossRef Wlezien, Christopher. 1995. The Public as Thermostat: Dynamics of Preferences for Spending. American Journal of Political Science 39: 981–1000. CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Public Opinion and Canadian Defence Policy
Author
Jean-Christophe Boucher
Copyright Year
2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-26403-1_10

Premium Partner