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About this book

This book explores the role of railways in developing sustainable low-carbon mobility by analyzing the intermodal relationship between railways and other transport modes. Focusing on geographical and governance perspectives, and taking China as a case study, it analyzes the competition and cooperation between and integration of railways and other transport modes, in order to provide guidance on future sustainable transport development.

Firstly, the book examines the contribution of railways to low carbon emissions in China over recent decades by estimating the carbon dioxide emissions from various transport modes in China at national and regional levels using decomposition analysis. It then discusses the current competition and cooperation between railways and other transport modes, as well as their integration and the impact of their relationship on climate change. It also highlights how the competition between railways and other transport modes may change the passenger flows between city pairs and so alter transport carbon emissions and examines how cooperation and integration could improve passengers’ travel experience while at the same time reducing carbon emissions. Lastly, it addresses the implications for future sustainable transport development based on institutional analysis. Presenting multidisciplinary, sustainable transport research on the role of railways in reducing carbon emissions, and also offering policy recommendations for developing low-carbon, integrated transport in the future, this book is a valuable reference resource for graduates, researchers, and government managers responsible for transport development, urban planning and environmental policy.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
This chapter provides an introduction about the research problem. Three 194 hypotheses are proposed to specify the research problem. Also, the research significance and organization of the book are presented.
Linna Li

Chapter 2. Railways and Low-Carbon Mobility

Abstract
This chapter outlines the conceptual framework and makes the literature review. The literature review is organized around the three themes: railway development and sustainable transport; intermodal relationship related to railways (competition, cooperation, and integration); intermodal relationship and sustainable transport. Based on the analysis, the research gaps are identified.
Linna Li

Retrospect of the Past: Modal Shift is Important

Frontmatter

Chapter 3. Railways and National Carbon Emissions from Passenger Travel in China

Abstract
Chapter 3 is the national-level analysis tracing the historical evolution and spatial disparity of CO2 emissions from passenger transport in China. The general trends of CO2 emissions from four passenger transport modes are estimated by both the distance-based and fuel-based methods. It tries to prove that emissions from rail transport have lower emission intensity than road and air transport. Moreover, the decomposition analysis is used to explore the factor of modal shifts influencing the growth of passenger transport CO2 emissions in China since 1949. Some implications to encourage modal shifts towards sustainable transport modes are also discussed.
Linna Li

Chapter 4. Railways and Regional Carbon Emissions from Passenger Travel in China

Abstract
Chapter 4 is the regional-level analysis, which focuses on three metropolitan regions of China, including Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD), are the most developed regions of China. It tries to estimate and analyze the structure and influencing factors of CO2 emissions from transport sector, including passenger and freight transport, simultaneously covering road, rail, and water transport.
Linna Li

Current Situation: Competition and Integration Between Railways and Other Transport Modes

Frontmatter

Chapter 5. Competition Between Railways and Other Transport Modes

Abstract
Chapter 5 is the city-level analysis focusing on the issue of competition between railways and other transport modes in China, in particular between railways and air transport. It firstly adopts a time series approach and analyzes the interrelationship between railway improvement and air flight patronage, and then analyzes the association between HSR development and air flight service change. It tested the hypobook that the level of air patronage between city pairs in China was correlated with changes in the railway sector, and the relationship differs by railway extension and railway acceleration, and also differs by different hauls.
Linna Li

Chapter 6. Cooperation Between Railways and Other Transport Modes

Abstract
Chapter 6 is the station-level analysis examining the cooperation between railways and other transport modes (including urban transport, highway and air transport) at the railway station hub. First, the location of conventional railway stations, high speed railway stations, coach terminals and airports in China is analyzed to show the spatial differentiation of different transport mode terminals. Then, Shanghai Hongqiao Transport Hub is chosen as a study case. By observational survey and questionnaires with passengers, the performance of intermodal interchange between railways and other transport modes are evaluated by a set of indicators.
Linna Li

Prospects for the Future: Breaking Institutional Barriers

Frontmatter

Chapter 7. Breaking Institutional Barriers in China

Abstract
Chapter 7 analyzes how to promote sustainable transport by railway development and an integrated transport system in the future. It identifies the barriers of seamless integration from the perspective of planning. Furthermore, the institutional framework of different transport modes in China is analyzed to emphasize the significance of institutional cooperation for future integration between railways and other transport modes. Finally, some implications for promoting seamless transport integration are made.
Linna Li

Chapter 8. Towards Sustainable Low-Carbon Mobility in China

Abstract
Chapter 8 is the conclusion and discussion. The major conclusions are presented in the chapter. The wider implications of this research for both theory and practice are discussed. Lastly, the future research directions are figured out based on this book.
Linna Li

Backmatter

Additional information