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21-04-2017 | Original Article | Issue 3/2017

Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering 3/2017

Real-time OHT Dispatching Mechanism for the Interbay Automated Material Handling System with Shortcuts and Bypasses

Journal:
Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering > Issue 3/2017
Authors:
Cong PAN, Jie ZHANG, Wei QIN
Important notes
Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51275307).

Abstract

As a key to improve the performance of the interbay automated material handling system (AMHS) in 300 mm semiconductor wafer fabrication system, the real-time overhead hoist transport (OHT) dispatching problem has received much attention. This problem is first formulated as a special form of assignment problem and it is proved that more than one solution will be obtained by Hungarian algorithm simultaneously. Through proposing and strictly proving two propositions related to the characteristics of these solutions, a modified Hungarian algorithm is designed to distinguish these solutions. Finally, a new real-time OHT dispatching method is carefully designed by implementing the solution obtained by the modified Hungarian algorithm. The experimental results of discrete event simulations show that, compared with conventional Hungarian algorithm dispatching method, the proposed dispatching method that chooses the solution with the maximum variance respectively reduces on average 4 s of the average waiting time and average lead time of wafer lots, and its performance is rather stable in multiple different scenarios of the interbay AMHS with different quantities of shortcuts. This research provides an efficient real-time OHT dispatching mechanism for the interbay AMHS with shortcuts and bypasses.

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