Skip to main content
Top

2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Recognition on Demand: A Study of Religion in Conscience Protection Clauses

Author : Caroline Anglim

Published in: Religion and Social Criticism

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

In Children, Ethics, and Modern Medicine (2003), Richard B. Miller studies the motives of parents when they refuse medical treatments for their children and offers suggestions for how to balance the norms of beneficence and autonomy in pediatric care. In this chapter, I expand on his work by evaluating the limits of physician autonomy and the appropriate models of mutual decision-making in cases where professional standards cannot be met because of physicians’ religious or moral objections. After surveying important pieces of legislation that protect freedom of conscience in healthcare, I argue that many of these policies and laws attempt to justify the potential threats and burdens to patients that follow from physician refusals by appealing to the goods of moral or religious diversity in medicine. Similarly, medical ethicists and religious scholars who support conscience protections often appeal to the goods of religious diversity in public life and more generally to the unshakeable goods of religion without fully accounting for the material, social, and physical harms that may follow from these protections. Ultimately, these ideas about the goods of religion and religious diversity deplete the power of religious frameworks to find any leverage in materialist critiques of medicine or medical law because they necessitate something Miller has called “recognition-on-demand” or respect and accommodation without questioning. In short, this narrow conceptualization of religion and its place in public life strips religious ideas of their power to engage in social criticism. As such, this chapter contributes to debates on the meaning of a democratic commitment to pluralism and the degree to which individual religious beliefs or moral principles ought to be accommodated in the workplace.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference ASRM Ethics Committee. 2015. “Access to Fertility Services by Transgender Persons: An Ethics Committee Opinion.” Fertility and Sterility 104 (5): 1111–15. ASRM Ethics Committee. 2015. “Access to Fertility Services by Transgender Persons: An Ethics Committee Opinion.” Fertility and Sterility 104 (5): 1111–15.
go back to reference Blythe, Jacob A, and Farr A. Curlin. 2018. “‘Just Do Your Job’: Technology, Bureaucracy, and the Eclipse of Conscience in Contemporary Medicine.” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39: 431–52. Blythe, Jacob A, and Farr A. Curlin. 2018. “‘Just Do Your Job’: Technology, Bureaucracy, and the Eclipse of Conscience in Contemporary Medicine.” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39: 431–52.
go back to reference Brudney, Daniel. 2014. “Pregnancy Is Not a Disease: Conscientious Refusal and the Argument from Concepts.” Hastings Center Report 44 (5): 43–49. Brudney, Daniel. 2014. “Pregnancy Is Not a Disease: Conscientious Refusal and the Argument from Concepts.” Hastings Center Report 44 (5): 43–49.
go back to reference Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., 573 U.S. 682 (2014). 2014. U.S. Supreme Court. Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., 573 U.S. 682 (2014). 2014. U.S. Supreme Court.
go back to reference Childress, James F. 1985. “Civil Disobedience, Conscientious Objection, and Evasive Noncompliance: A Framework for the Analysis and Assessment of Illegal Actions in Health Care.” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10: 63–83. Childress, James F. 1985. “Civil Disobedience, Conscientious Objection, and Evasive Noncompliance: A Framework for the Analysis and Assessment of Illegal Actions in Health Care.” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10: 63–83.
go back to reference Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. 1999. “Medical Futility in End-of-Life Care: Report.” JAMA 281 (10): 937–41. Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. 1999. “Medical Futility in End-of-Life Care: Report.” JAMA 281 (10): 937–41.
go back to reference Curlin, Farr A., and Christopher Tollefsen. 2019. “Conscience and the Way of Medicine.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (3): 560–75. Curlin, Farr A., and Christopher Tollefsen. 2019. “Conscience and the Way of Medicine.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (3): 560–75.
go back to reference Curlin, Farr A., and Christopher Tollefsen. 2021. The Way of Medicine: Ethics and the Healing Profession. Notre Dame Studies in Medical Ethics and Bioethics. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press. Curlin, Farr A., and Christopher Tollefsen. 2021. The Way of Medicine: Ethics and the Healing Profession. Notre Dame Studies in Medical Ethics and Bioethics. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
go back to reference Devi, Sharmila. 2011. “Obama Rescinds ‘Overly Broad’ Bush-Era Conscience Rule.” The Lancet 377 (9770): 981. Devi, Sharmila. 2011. “Obama Rescinds ‘Overly Broad’ Bush-Era Conscience Rule.” The Lancet 377 (9770): 981.
go back to reference Dickens, Bernard M. 2009. “Unethical Protection of Conscience: Defending the Powerful Against the Weak.” Virtual Mentor 11 (9): 725–29. Dickens, Bernard M. 2009. “Unethical Protection of Conscience: Defending the Powerful Against the Weak.” Virtual Mentor 11 (9): 725–29.
go back to reference Employment Division, Dept. of Human Resources of Oregon v. Alfred Smith et al, 494 US 872 (1990). U.S. Supreme Court. Employment Division, Dept. of Human Resources of Oregon v. Alfred Smith et al, 494 US 872 (1990). U.S. Supreme Court.
go back to reference Grubb, Andrew. 1988. “Abortion: Conscientious Objection.” Cambridge Law Journal 47 (2): 162–65. Grubb, Andrew. 1988. “Abortion: Conscientious Objection.” Cambridge Law Journal 47 (2): 162–65.
go back to reference Haupt, Claudia. 2017. “Religious Outliers: Professional Knowledge Communities, Individual Conscience Claims, and the Availability of Professional Services to the Public.” In Law, Religion, and Health in the United States, edited by H Lynch, I Cohen, and E Sepper, 173–86. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Haupt, Claudia. 2017. “Religious Outliers: Professional Knowledge Communities, Individual Conscience Claims, and the Availability of Professional Services to the Public.” In Law, Religion, and Health in the United States, edited by H Lynch, I Cohen, and E Sepper, 173–86. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Lincoln, Bruce. 2012. Gods and Demons, Priests and Scholars: Critical Explorations in the History of Religions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Lincoln, Bruce. 2012. Gods and Demons, Priests and Scholars: Critical Explorations in the History of Religions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Lo, Bernard. 2013. Resolving Ethical Dilemmas: A Guide for Clinicians. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Lo, Bernard. 2013. Resolving Ethical Dilemmas: A Guide for Clinicians. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
go back to reference Masuzawa, Tomoko. 2005. The Invention of World Religions: Or, How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Masuzawa, Tomoko. 2005. The Invention of World Religions: Or, How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Miller, Richard B. 2003. Children, Ethics, and Modern Medicine. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. Miller, Richard B. 2003. Children, Ethics, and Modern Medicine. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
go back to reference Miller, Richard B. 2016. Friends and Other Strangers: Studies in Religion, Ethics, and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press. Miller, Richard B. 2016. Friends and Other Strangers: Studies in Religion, Ethics, and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press.
go back to reference North Coast Women’s Care Medical Group, Inc v. San Diego County. 2008 81 Cal. Rptr. 3d 708 S142892. California Supreme Court. North Coast Women’s Care Medical Group, Inc v. San Diego County. 2008 81 Cal. Rptr. 3d 708 S142892. California Supreme Court.
go back to reference Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pa. v. Casey, Governor of Pa., 505 US 833 (1992). 1992. U.S. Supreme Court. Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pa. v. Casey, Governor of Pa., 505 US 833 (1992). 1992. U.S. Supreme Court.
go back to reference Prairie, Tara M., Bethany Wrye, and Sarah Murfree. 2018. “Intersections of Physician Autonomy, Religion, and Health Care When Working With LGBT+ Patients.” Health Promotion Practice 19 (4): 542–49. Prairie, Tara M., Bethany Wrye, and Sarah Murfree. 2018. “Intersections of Physician Autonomy, Religion, and Health Care When Working With LGBT+ Patients.” Health Promotion Practice 19 (4): 542–49.
go back to reference Savulescu, Julian. 2006. “Conscientious Objection in Medicine.” British Medical Journal 332: 294–97. Savulescu, Julian. 2006. “Conscientious Objection in Medicine.” British Medical Journal 332: 294–97.
go back to reference Stahl, Ronit Y., and Ezekiel J. Emanuel. 2017. “Physicians, Not Conscripts--Conscientious Objection in Health Care.” New England Journal of Medicine 376: 1380–85. Stahl, Ronit Y., and Ezekiel J. Emanuel. 2017. “Physicians, Not Conscripts--Conscientious Objection in Health Care.” New England Journal of Medicine 376: 1380–85.
go back to reference Wicclair, Mark R. 2011. Conscientious Objection in Health Care: An Ethical Analysis. Cambridge University Press. Wicclair, Mark R. 2011. Conscientious Objection in Health Care: An Ethical Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
Metadata
Title
Recognition on Demand: A Study of Religion in Conscience Protection Clauses
Author
Caroline Anglim
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-48659-3_8

Premium Partner