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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

15. Reform der staatlichen Rentenpolitik und Teilnahme am Arbeitsmarkt

Authors : Xinxin Ma, Atsushi Seike

Published in: Wachstumsmechanismen und nachhaltige Entwicklung der chinesischen Wirtschaft

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore

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Zusammenfassung

In dieser Studie werden die Auswirkungen der staatlichen Renten auf die Beschäftigung in China und Japan untersucht. Es werden einige wichtige Schlussfolgerungen gezogen. Erstens: In China verringert die staatliche Rente die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Erwerbsbeteiligung älterer Erwachsener. Verglichen mit der kurzfristigen Auswirkung der Politik wird der negative Effekt auf lange Sicht geringer. Zweitens: In Japan war die Beschäftigungswahrscheinlichkeit von 1980 bis 2004 umso geringer, je höher die Rentenleistung war. Der negative Effekt hat jedoch in den letzten Jahrzehnten abgenommen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass in China und Japan staatliche Renten die Erwerbsbeteiligung der Teilnehmer verringern können. Sowohl für die chinesische als auch für die japanische Regierung ist es wichtig, eine staatliche Rente einzuführen und dabei die negativen Auswirkungen auf die Beschäftigung älterer Erwachsener zu berücksichtigen. Die Erfahrungen der japanischen Rentenreform der letzten Jahrzehnte können der chinesischen Regierung neue Anhaltspunkte für die künftige Reform der gesetzlichen Renten liefern.

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Appendix
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Footnotes
1
Eine ausführliche Literaturübersicht über die Auswirkungen der gesetzlichen Renten auf das Arbeitsangebot von Erwachsenen im Haupterwerbsalter innerhalb eines Haushalts findet sich in Ma (2020).
 
2
Eine ausführliche Literaturübersicht über die Auswirkungen der staatlichen Renten auf das Arbeitsangebot älterer Erwachsener in Japan finden Sie in Seike und Ma (2010).
 
3
Juarez (2010) erklärte den Grund für die Ergebnisse damit, dass das Einkommen älterer erwachsener Frauen stärker mit jüngeren Familienmitgliedern geteilt wurde als das Einkommen älterer erwachsener Männer.
 
4
Da die fehlenden Werte für den subjektiven Gesundheitszustand größer waren, wurde in dieser Studie der Wert für die psychische Gesundheit verwendet. Der Gesundheitszustand war schlecht, wenn der Wert für die psychische Gesundheit höher lag. In dieser Studie wurde der subjektive Gesundheitszustand verwendet, und die Ergebnisse waren denen ähnlich, die mit dem psychischen Gesundheitszustand erzielt wurden. Um die Beobachtungen in der ökonometrischen Analyse beizubehalten, wurde für die Ergebnisse der in dieser Studie vorgestellte Wert für die psychische Gesundheit verwendet.
 
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Metadata
Title
Reform der staatlichen Rentenpolitik und Teilnahme am Arbeitsmarkt
Authors
Xinxin Ma
Atsushi Seike
Copyright Year
2023
Publisher
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-5982-0_15

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