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01-06-2024 | Brief Report

Relationship between cooking fuels and health among under-5 children in Malawi: a nationwide time-trend survey from 2000 to 2016

Authors: Charles Jenya Soko, Yi-Hao Weng, Dumisani Enricho Nkhoma, Owen Nkoka, Wanda Estinfort, Hung-Yi Chiou, Ya-Wen Chiu

Published in: Population and Environment | Issue 2/2024

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Excerpt

Fuels are substances used to produce energy and are categorized as primitive (e.g., firewood, agricultural waste, and cow dung); transitional (e.g., charcoal, coal, and kerosene); and advanced (e.g., electricity, biofuels, and liquid petroleum gas) (van der Kroon et al., 2013). Primitive fuels are less efficient and emit more pollutants compared to transitional and advanced fuels (Meried, 2021). The choice of cooking fuels is influenced by several factors, such as accessibility, efficiency, cleanliness, and cost (Puzzolo et al., 2019). Poor people and rich people use significantly different energy sources. For instance, poor people residing in remote areas would easily access naturally occurring fuels, such as firewood, agricultural waste, and animal dung. As their economic status improves, access to fuels that require a well-established supply system (such as electricity, liquid petroleum gas, biogas, and kerosene) is enabled. This transformation is accompanied by a switch from polluting fuels to efficient fuels. …

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Metadata
Title
Relationship between cooking fuels and health among under-5 children in Malawi: a nationwide time-trend survey from 2000 to 2016
Authors
Charles Jenya Soko
Yi-Hao Weng
Dumisani Enricho Nkhoma
Owen Nkoka
Wanda Estinfort
Hung-Yi Chiou
Ya-Wen Chiu
Publication date
01-06-2024
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Population and Environment / Issue 2/2024
Print ISSN: 0199-0039
Electronic ISSN: 1573-7810
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-024-00457-4

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