Skip to main content
Top

2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Residual Stress Induced in Thin Plates During Additive Manufacturing

Authors : Eann A. Patterson, John Lambros, Rodrigo Magana-Carranza, Christopher J. Sutcliffe

Published in: Additive and Advanced Manufacturing, Inverse Problem Methodologies and Machine Learning and Data Science, Volume 4

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Additive manufacturing is a technique for producing complex geometry engineering parts relatively quickly and cheaply; however, residual stresses induced in the part during manufacture can result in significant distortion of the build. In this study, nickel-chromium alloy (Inconel 625) geometrically-reinforced thin plates have been additively manufactured using laser-powder bed fusion, that have comparable flatness to those built subtractively. The residual stresses induced in the thin plates from manufacture are deduced by measuring out-of-plane displacements using stereoscopic digital image correlation. The results demonstrate that residual stresses cause potentially severe out-of-plane displacements which can be alleviated by using buttress supports to reinforce the plate edges during the build. In both landscape and portrait orientation builds, out-of-plane displacement increased upon release from the baseplate but was reduced by incremental release.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference Santos Silva, A.C., Sebastian, C.M., Lambros, J., Patterson, E.A.: High temperature modal analysis of a non-uniformly heated rectangular plate: experiments and simulations. J. Sound Vib. 443, 397–410 (2019)CrossRef Santos Silva, A.C., Sebastian, C.M., Lambros, J., Patterson, E.A.: High temperature modal analysis of a non-uniformly heated rectangular plate: experiments and simulations. J. Sound Vib. 443, 397–410 (2019)CrossRef
2.
go back to reference Lopez-Alba, E., Sebastian, C.M., Santos Silva, A.C., Patterson, E.A.: Experimental study of mode shifting in an asymmetrically heated rectangular plate. J. Sound Vib. 439, 241–250 (2019)CrossRef Lopez-Alba, E., Sebastian, C.M., Santos Silva, A.C., Patterson, E.A.: Experimental study of mode shifting in an asymmetrically heated rectangular plate. J. Sound Vib. 439, 241–250 (2019)CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Silva, A.C.S., Lambros, J., Garner, D.M., Patterson, E.A.: Dynamic response of a thermally stressed plate with reinforced edges. Exp. Mech. 60(1), 81–92 (2020)CrossRef Silva, A.C.S., Lambros, J., Garner, D.M., Patterson, E.A.: Dynamic response of a thermally stressed plate with reinforced edges. Exp. Mech. 60(1), 81–92 (2020)CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Patterson, E.A., Lambros, J., Magana-Carranza, R., Sutcliffe, C.J.: Residual stress effects during additive manufacturing of reinforced thin nickel–chromium plates. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 123(5), 1845–1857 (2022)CrossRef Patterson, E.A., Lambros, J., Magana-Carranza, R., Sutcliffe, C.J.: Residual stress effects during additive manufacturing of reinforced thin nickel–chromium plates. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 123(5), 1845–1857 (2022)CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Mercelis, P., Kruth, J.-P.: Residual Stresses in Selective Laser Sintering and Selective Laser Melting. Emerald Group Publishing Limited (2006)CrossRef Mercelis, P., Kruth, J.-P.: Residual Stresses in Selective Laser Sintering and Selective Laser Melting. Emerald Group Publishing Limited (2006)CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Qian, W., Wu, S., Wu, Z., Ahmed, S., Zhang, W., Qian, G., Withers, P.J.: In situ X-ray imaging of fatigue crack growth from multiple defects in additively manufactured AlSi10Mg alloy. Int. J. Fatigue. 155, 106616 (2022)CrossRef Qian, W., Wu, S., Wu, Z., Ahmed, S., Zhang, W., Qian, G., Withers, P.J.: In situ X-ray imaging of fatigue crack growth from multiple defects in additively manufactured AlSi10Mg alloy. Int. J. Fatigue. 155, 106616 (2022)CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Magana Carranza, R., Robinson, J., Ashton, I., Fox, P., Sutcliffe, C., Patterson, E.: A novel device for in-situ force measurements during laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF). Rapid Prototyp. J. 27(7), 1423–1431 (2021)CrossRef Magana Carranza, R., Robinson, J., Ashton, I., Fox, P., Sutcliffe, C., Patterson, E.: A novel device for in-situ force measurements during laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF). Rapid Prototyp. J. 27(7), 1423–1431 (2021)CrossRef
8.
go back to reference Magana-Carranza, R., Sutcliffe, C.J., Patterson, E.A.: The effect of processing parameters and material properties on residual forces induced in Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF). Addit. Manuf. 46, 102192 (2021) Magana-Carranza, R., Sutcliffe, C.J., Patterson, E.A.: The effect of processing parameters and material properties on residual forces induced in Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF). Addit. Manuf. 46, 102192 (2021)
9.
go back to reference Bartlett, J., Li, X.: An Overview of Residual Stresses in Metal Powder Bed Fusion, vol. 27, pp. 131–149 (2019) Bartlett, J., Li, X.: An Overview of Residual Stresses in Metal Powder Bed Fusion, vol. 27, pp. 131–149 (2019)
10.
go back to reference Thomas, G.G.: Engineering metrology. Butterworths, London (1974) Thomas, G.G.: Engineering metrology. Butterworths, London (1974)
Metadata
Title
Residual Stress Induced in Thin Plates During Additive Manufacturing
Authors
Eann A. Patterson
John Lambros
Rodrigo Magana-Carranza
Christopher J. Sutcliffe
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-50474-7_3

Premium Partners