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30-01-2020 | Original | Issue 2/2020

European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 2/2020

Resistance against subterranean termite of beech wood impregnated with different derivatives of glycerol or polyglycerol and maleic anhydride followed by thermal modification: a field test study

Journal:
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products > Issue 2/2020
Authors:
Mahdi Mubarok, Holger Militz, I. Wayan Darmawan, Yusuf Sudo Hadi, Stéphane Dumarçay, Philippe Gérardin

Abstract

Termite resistance of European beech (Fagus sylvatica) modified with a combination of chemical and thermal methods was investigated in field tests. Modification was performed by impregnating different aqueous solutions of glycerol maleate or polyglycerol maleate at different concentrations (10 or 40%, w/w) into the wood, followed by thermal treatment at different temperatures (180, 200, or 220 °C). Field tests were conducted for one-year at Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. All wood samples treated with the combination of chemical and thermal modifications presented significantly higher termite resistance than thermally modified and untreated wood samples. Curing at 200 or 220 °C resulted in better performance with mass losses due to termite attack of less than 5%.

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