Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
This chapter highlights the main dynamics shaping Russia’s policy towards aspiring political movements and unrecognized states. Moscow’s attitude towards these actors has been traditionally determined by its foreign policy paradigm which favours establishing official links only with sovereign and recognized states. This attitude was quite noticeable even during the Soviet era when Moscow supported the idea of a world revolution, and Soviet foreign policy was officially coordinated with the activities of the Communist International. Between 1991 and 2008, Russian leadership also continued this policy. Yet, Russia’s attitude started to change when Kosovo’s independence was recognized by many Western states, which has also been one of the main reasons prompting Moscow to recognize the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia following the Russian-Georgian war. Since 2008, Russia’s policy has gradually drifted towards a wider recognition of the de facto states and aspiring political movements around the world.
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
Blinov, N.V., V.D. Nadtocheev, and E.D. Orehova. 1991. Rech’ narodnogo komissara inostrannyh del SSSR G.V.Chicherina na XIV syezde VKP (b). Kentavr, October–November: 122.
Caspersen, Nina, ed. 2011. Unrecognized States in the International System. London: Routledge.
Chicherin, G.V. 1924. Letter to G. E. Zinoviev, Moscow, July 4. The Archive of the Foreign Policy of Russian Federation. The Mexican Department, Inventory 4, Folder 1.
Cohen, Ariel. 2007. How to Confront Russia’s Anti-American Foreign Policy. The Heritage Foundation, June 27. https://www.heritage.org/europe/report/how-confront-russias-anti-american-foreign-policy
Dobronravin, Nikolay. 2010. Oil, Gas, Transit and Boundaries: Problems of the Transport Curse. In Resource Curse and Post-Soviet Eurasia: Oil, Gas, and Modernization, ed. Vladimir Gel’man and Otar Marganiya, 149–170. Lanham: Lexington Books.
———. 2013. Modernizatsiia na obochine: vyzhivanie i razvitie nepriznannyh gosudarstv v XX—nachale XXI veka. St. Petersburg: EUSP Press.
GPO.gov. 1959. Public Law 86–90. July 17. https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-73/pdf/STATUTE-73-Pg212.pdf
International Court of Justice. 2010. Accordance with International Law of the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in Respect of Kosovo. July 22. https://www.icj-cij.org/files/case-related/141/141-20100722-ADV-01-00-EN.pdf
Jeifets, Viсtor, and Lazar Jeifets. 2002. Stanislav Pestkovski. Tovarisch Andrei: Dvoinoi portret v meksikanskom interiere. St. Petersburg: Clio.
———. 2015. The International Insertion of the Communist Left-Wing Anti-Gómez Tendency of the Venezuelan Exiles, the First Years. Izquierdas 25: 1–28. CrossRef
Judah, Tim. 2015. In Wartime: Stories from Ukraine. London: Allen Lane.
Kaldor, Mary. 2006. New and Old Wars. Cambridge: Polity.
Kremlin.ru. 2007. Interview with Arab Satellite Channel Al-Jazeera. February 10. http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/24035
———. 2008. Statement by President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev. August 26. http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/1222
———. 2018. Condolences over the Tragic Death of Alexander Zakharchenko. August 31. http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/58425
Luzyanin, S.G. 2003. Rossiya—Mongoliya—Kitaj v pervoj polovine XX veka. Politicheskie vzaimootnosheniya v 1911–1946 gg. Moscow: Ogni.
McCain, John. 2015. Statement by Senator John McСain on Invitation from Russia-Backed Rebels to Monitor Elections. September 14. https://www.mccain.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2015/9/statement-by-senator-john-mccain-on-invitation-from-russia-backed-rebels-to-monitor-elections
MEMRI. 2014. The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad Looks to Russia as an International Partner. April 13. https://www.memri.org/reports/national-movement-liberation-azawad-looks-russia-international-partner
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2012. On Beginning of Inner-Malian Political Dialog. December 7. http://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/131358
———. 2016. Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation. November 30. http://www.mid.ru/en/web/guest/foreign_policy/official_documents/-/asset_publisher/CptICkB6BZ29/content/id/2542248
———. 2017. Remarks by Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov at the First Global Forum of Young Diplomats in the Framework of the World Festival of Youth and Students, Sochi. October 16. http://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2904546
———. 2018a. Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s Statement and Answers to Media Questions at a News Conference on Russian Diplomacy in 2017, Moscow. January 15. http://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/3018203
———. 2018b. Briefing by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova, Svetlogorsk. August 15. http://www.mid.ru/en/press_service/spokesman/briefings/-/asset_publisher/D2wHaWMCU6Od/content/id/3319709
———. 2018c. Statement by the Foreign Ministry. August 31. http://www.mid.ru/en/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/3334568
Perepiska I.V. Stalina i G. V. Chicherina s polpredom SSSR v Kitae L. M. Karahanom. 2008. Moscow: Natalis
Popescu, Nicu. 2006. “Outsourcing” De Facto Statehood: Russia and the Secessionist Entities in Georgia and Moldova. Centre for European Policy Studies Policy Brief, no. 109. https://www.ceps.eu/publications/outsourcing-de-facto-statehood-russia-and-secessionist-entities-georgia-and-moldova
Richardson, W.H. 1988. Mexico Through Russian Eyes: 1806–1940. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press.
Skalov, G. n.d. Avtobiographiia. The Russian State Archive of the Social and Political History, Fund 495, Inventory 65a, Folder 4569.
Summers, James, ed. 2011. Kosovo: A Precedent? The Declaration of Independence, the Advisory Opinion and Implications for Statehood, Self-Determination and Minority Rights. Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
U.S. Department of State. 1945. Foreign Relations of the United States. Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/FRUS.FRUS1945
Zagladin, N.V. 1990. Istoriia uspehov i neudach sovetskoi diplomatii. Moscow: Mysl.
Zarembo, Kateryna, ed. 2016. Conflict Settlement Practices Around the World: Lessons for Ukraine. Institute of World Policy, February 11. http://iwp.org.ua/en/publication/dosvid-vregulyuvannya-konfliktiv-u-sviti-uroky-dlya-ukrayiny
- Russia’s New Policy Towards Aspiring Political Movements and Unrecognized States
- Springer International Publishing
- Sequence number
- Chapter number
- Chapter 11
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta