Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2022 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

4. Scaling Out, Up and Deep Understanding the Sustainment and Resilience of Urban Commons

Author: Chun Zheng

Published in: Design Commons

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

share
SHARE

Abstract

The inquiry of how to manage common resources has always been a central topic in the discussion of the commons. However, our understanding of what can be discerned as the sustainment and resilience of urban commons – urban spaces that are managed by citizen groups – is under-evaluated and simplified if we only ask whether they last long enough or are able to be expanded in size and duplicated in multiple locations. In this chapter, I introduce the urban commons and the importance of discussing their sustainment and resilience, wherein I refer to the notion of sustainability and resilience in design and ecology spheres. A review around existing literature on governing the commons and expanding urban commons then provides the basis for the further explication of the sustainment of urban commons from three scaling perspectives: scaling out, scaling up and scaling deep. Lastly, I discuss the co-existence and correlations of these three scaling dimensions and open up the question of what the role of design is in promoting the scaling processes.
Footnotes
1
The information was acquired from posts published by the Knowledge and Innovation Community Garden’s WeChat official account – Clover Nature School (https://​wemp.​app/​accounts/​ac2a61b5–ebc6–4e30–9c63–53a824297b11).
 
2
Information acquired from City in the Making official site: https://​www.​stadindemaak.​nl/​en/​.
 
3
Unpaid labor is the work that does not receive direct monetary remuneration. Here it refers to the work that is achieved by labor payoff in exchange for the right of residence in City in the Making properties, which is not within the traditional market labor scope.
 
Literature
go back to reference Benkler, Yochai. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven/London: Yale University Press. Benkler, Yochai. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.
go back to reference Bollier, David. 2014. Think Like a Commoner: A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons. Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers. Bollier, David. 2014. Think Like a Commoner: A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons. Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers.
go back to reference Bradley, Karin. 2015. Open-Source Urbanism: Creating, Multiplying and Managing Urban Commons. Footprint 16: 91–108. Bradley, Karin. 2015. Open-Source Urbanism: Creating, Multiplying and Managing Urban Commons. Footprint 16: 91–108.
go back to reference de Angelis, Massimo. 2017. Omnia Sunt Communia: On the Commons and the Transformation to Postcapitalism. London: Zed Books. CrossRef de Angelis, Massimo. 2017. Omnia Sunt Communia: On the Commons and the Transformation to Postcapitalism. London: Zed Books. CrossRef
go back to reference Džokić, Ana, and Marc Neelen. 2015. Instituting Commoning. Footprint 16: 21–34. Džokić, Ana, and Marc Neelen. 2015. Instituting Commoning. Footprint 16: 21–34.
go back to reference ———. 2018. Upscaling, Training, Commoning: Constructing a Future that is Yet to Be. Berlin: Jovis Berlin. ———. 2018. Upscaling, Training, Commoning: Constructing a Future that is Yet to Be. Berlin: Jovis Berlin.
go back to reference Geels, F.W. 2005. The Dynamics of Transitions in Socio-Technical Systems: A Multi-Level Analysis of the Transition Pathway from Horse-Drawn Carriages to Automobiles (1860–1930). Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 17 (4): 445–476. CrossRef Geels, F.W. 2005. The Dynamics of Transitions in Socio-Technical Systems: A Multi-Level Analysis of the Transition Pathway from Horse-Drawn Carriages to Automobiles (1860–1930). Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 17 (4): 445–476. CrossRef
go back to reference Harvey, David. 2013. Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution. New York: Verso. Harvey, David. 2013. Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution. New York: Verso.
go back to reference Howard, Ebenezer. 1965. Garden Cities of To-morrow. Cambridge, MA/London: MIT Press. Howard, Ebenezer. 1965. Garden Cities of To-morrow. Cambridge, MA/London: MIT Press.
go back to reference Kousoulas, Stavros, and Heidi Sohn. 2015. Commoning’ Practices and the Production of Urban Space: Understanding Urban Asymmetries in the Athenian Case. Originally published in Spanish as ‘Prácticas de conexión común y la producción del espacio urbano: comprendiendo asimetrías urbanas en Atenas. In Repensar la Metrópoli II: Políticas e instrumentos para la gestión urbana, ed. R. Eibenschutz and B.R. Ramírez Velázquez, vol. I. Mexico: UAM–X. Kousoulas, Stavros, and Heidi Sohn. 2015. Commoning’ Practices and the Production of Urban Space: Understanding Urban Asymmetries in the Athenian Case. Originally published in Spanish as ‘Prácticas de conexión común y la producción del espacio urbano: comprendiendo asimetrías urbanas en Atenas. In Repensar la Metrópoli II: Políticas e instrumentos para la gestión urbana, ed. R. Eibenschutz and B.R. Ramírez Velázquez, vol. I. Mexico: UAM–X.
go back to reference Linebaugh, Peter. 2009. The Magna Carta Manifesto: Liberties and Commons for All. Berkeley/Los Angeles/London: University of California Press. Linebaugh, Peter. 2009. The Magna Carta Manifesto: Liberties and Commons for All. Berkeley/Los Angeles/London: University of California Press.
go back to reference Manzini, Ezio. 2015. Design, When Everybody Designs: An Introduction to Design for Social Innovation. Cambridge, MA/London: The MIT Press. CrossRef Manzini, Ezio. 2015. Design, When Everybody Designs: An Introduction to Design for Social Innovation. Cambridge, MA/London: The MIT Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Petrescu, Doina, and Kim Trogal, eds. 2017. The Social (Re)Production of Architecture: Politics, Values and Actions in Contemporary Practice. New York: Routledge. Petrescu, Doina, and Kim Trogal, eds. 2017. The Social (Re)Production of Architecture: Politics, Values and Actions in Contemporary Practice. New York: Routledge.
go back to reference Stavrides, Stavros. 2016. Expanding Commoning: In Against and Beyond Capitalism. In Common Space: The City As Commons, 31–61. London: Zed Books. CrossRef Stavrides, Stavros. 2016. Expanding Commoning: In Against and Beyond Capitalism. In Common Space: The City As Commons, 31–61. London: Zed Books. CrossRef
go back to reference Sutton, Philip. 2004. What is Sustainability? Eingana 27 (1): 4–9. Sutton, Philip. 2004. What is Sustainability? Eingana 27 (1): 4–9.
go back to reference Wall, Derek. 2014. The Commons in History: Culture, Conflict, and Ecology. Cambridge, MA/London: MIT Press. CrossRef Wall, Derek. 2014. The Commons in History: Culture, Conflict, and Ecology. Cambridge, MA/London: MIT Press. CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Scaling Out, Up and Deep Understanding the Sustainment and Resilience of Urban Commons
Author
Chun Zheng
Copyright Year
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-95057-6_4