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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

27. Scenario Analysis of Environmental Impact of Paddy Rice Farming Systems Utilizing Different Fertilizer Materials

Authors : Tatsuo Hishinuma, Saaya Ono, Atsuo Ikeguchi

Published in: EcoDesign and Sustainability II

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

Assessment of the environmental impact of applying materials to the paddy rice farming system is crucial to the promotion of low inputs of chemical fertilizers and crop protection chemicals, and encouraging the application of composted livestock manure. In this study, we assessed greenhouse gas emissions, total nitrogen and total phosphorus losses from soil, and acidification gas emissions from paddy rice farming systems using different inputs, employing scenario analysis and life-cycle assessment strategies. Scenario analysis of farms in Shiga prefecture indicated a lower environmental impact from paddy rice farming systems using organic fertilizer compared with conventional systems. On the other hand, the environmental impact from the paddy rice farming systems in Tochigi prefecture using composted manure was greater than that from systems applying chemical fertilizers.

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Metadata
Title
Scenario Analysis of Environmental Impact of Paddy Rice Farming Systems Utilizing Different Fertilizer Materials
Authors
Tatsuo Hishinuma
Saaya Ono
Atsuo Ikeguchi
Copyright Year
2021
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6775-9_27