Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Journal of Chinese Political Science 3/2022

09-08-2021 | Research Article

Sino-U.S. Decoupling: The Roles of U.S. Congress

Author: Baogang Guo

Published in: Journal of Chinese Political Science | Issue 3/2022

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

The Sino-U.S. relations tumbled during the Trump Administration. The talk of decoupling permeated the decision-making circle in Washington D.C. Many factors have contributed to the free fall. The roles Congress has played are undoubtedly one of them. Based on the new institutionalist approach, this study provides three analyses of recent China-related legislative activities. First, the historical analysis of legislative data illustrates a surge in congressional activism on China-related legislative activities. Second, the content analysis reveals some of the triggers in the deterioration of bilateral relations in recent years. Third, the political analysis of the critical congressional players and the structures and procedures Congress created provides some insight into the domestic and political logic of the congressional crusade against China. Finally, the paper ends with assessing the impact of the surge in Congressional activism on the new Biden Administration.
Footnotes
1
The result of the data query from Congress.gov is not always consistent. A key word search sometime can produce a slightly different result in terms of the number of legislative items associate with that search string. But the variance is not too big and does not have significant impact of the accuracy on the trendlines presented in all charts presented in this research.
 
2
In coding the data set, we put the relevant resolutions that call for noncooperation, condemnation, or accusation in the negative category, and put resolutions that calls for cooperation, constructive dialogs, and recognition into the positive category. A call for supporting Hong Kong’s autonomy in 2020 will be classified as negative since it is a direct confrontation with PRC over its controversial HKNSL.
 
Literature
1.
go back to reference Ainsworth, S., and M. Flathman. 1995. Unanimous consent agreements as leadership tools. Legislative Studies Quarterly 20 (2): 177–195. CrossRef Ainsworth, S., and M. Flathman. 1995. Unanimous consent agreements as leadership tools. Legislative Studies Quarterly 20 (2): 177–195. CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Carter, R.G. and James M. S. 2009. Choosing to lead: understanding congressional foreign policy entrepreneurs. Durham &London: Duke University Press. Carter, R.G. and James M. S. 2009. Choosing to lead: understanding congressional foreign policy entrepreneurs. Durham &London: Duke University Press.
11.
21.
go back to reference In coding the data set, we put the relevant resolutions that call for noncooperation, condemnation, or accusation in the negative category and put resolutions that call for cooperation, constructive dialogs, and recognition into the positive category. Thus, forexample, a call for supporting Hong Kong’s autonomy in 2020 will be classified as negative since it is a confrontation with PRC over its controversial HKNSL. In coding the data set, we put the relevant resolutions that call for noncooperation, condemnation, or accusation in the negative category and put resolutions that call for cooperation, constructive dialogs, and recognition into the positive category. Thus, forexample, a call for supporting Hong Kong’s autonomy in 2020 will be classified as negative since it is a confrontation with PRC over its controversial HKNSL.
23.
go back to reference Lampton, D.M. 2001. Same bed, different dreams: managing U.S.-China relations, 1989–2000. Berkeley: University ofCalifornia Press. Lampton, D.M. 2001. Same bed, different dreams: managing U.S.-China relations, 1989–2000. Berkeley: University ofCalifornia Press.
26.
go back to reference Lindsay, J.M. 1994. Congress, foreign policy, and the new institutionalism. International Studies Quarterly 38 (2): 281–304. CrossRef Lindsay, J.M. 1994. Congress, foreign policy, and the new institutionalism. International Studies Quarterly 38 (2): 281–304. CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Lindsay, J.M. 1994. Congress and the politics of U.S. foreign policy. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press. Lindsay, J.M. 1994. Congress and the politics of U.S. foreign policy. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press.
28.
go back to reference McCubbins, M., and T. Schwartz. 1984. Congressional oversight overlooked: Police patrol versus fire alarms. American Journal of Political Science 28: 165–179. CrossRef McCubbins, M., and T. Schwartz. 1984. Congressional oversight overlooked: Police patrol versus fire alarms. American Journal of Political Science 28: 165–179. CrossRef
29.
go back to reference Myers, R. H. et al. eds, 2001. Making China Policy: Lessons from the Bush and Clinton Administrations Lanham, Roman and Littlefield Publisher. Myers, R. H. et al. eds, 2001. Making China Policy: Lessons from the Bush and Clinton Administrations Lanham, Roman and Littlefield Publisher.
33.
go back to reference Pan Z.Q. 2003. U.S. Taiwan policy of strategic ambiguity: a dilemma of deterrence. Journal of Contemporary China 12(35):387–407. Pan Z.Q. 2003. U.S. Taiwan policy of strategic ambiguity: a dilemma of deterrence. Journal of Contemporary China 12(35):387–407.
34.
go back to reference Pierre, J.G., and Peters & G. Stoker. , eds. 2008. Debating Institutionalism. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press. Pierre, J.G., and Peters & G. Stoker. , eds. 2008. Debating Institutionalism. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press.
39.
go back to reference Smith, S.S., and M. Flathman. 1989. Managing the Senate floor: Complex unanimous consent agreements since the 1950s. Legislative Studies Quarterly 14 (3): 349–374. CrossRef Smith, S.S., and M. Flathman. 1989. Managing the Senate floor: Complex unanimous consent agreements since the 1950s. Legislative Studies Quarterly 14 (3): 349–374. CrossRef
41.
go back to reference Sutter, R.G. 1991. The crisis in U.S.-China policy, 1991: the role of Congress. Journal of Northeast Asian Studies 10(4):3–23. Sutter, R.G. 1991. The crisis in U.S.-China policy, 1991: the role of Congress. Journal of Northeast Asian Studies 10(4):3–23.
51.
go back to reference Xie, T. 2009. US-China Relations: China Policy on Capitol Hill. London and New York: Routledge. Xie, T. 2009. US-China Relations: China Policy on Capitol Hill. London and New York: Routledge.
Metadata
Title
Sino-U.S. Decoupling: The Roles of U.S. Congress
Author
Baogang Guo
Publication date
09-08-2021
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Journal of Chinese Political Science / Issue 3/2022
Print ISSN: 1080-6954
Electronic ISSN: 1874-6357
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11366-021-09752-5

Other articles of this Issue 3/2022

Journal of Chinese Political Science 3/2022 Go to the issue

Premium Partner