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About this book

This book, based on extensive international collaborative research, highlights the state-of-the-art design of “smart living” for metropolises, megacities, and metacities, as well as at the community and neighbourhood level. Smart living is one of six main components of smart cities, the others being smart people, smart economy, smart environment, smart mobility and smart governance. Smart living in any smart city can only be designed and implemented with active roles for smart people and smart city government, and as a joint effort combining e-Democracy, e-Governance and ICT-IoT systems. In addition to using information and communication technologies, the Internet of Things, Internet of Governance (e-Governance) and Internet of People (e-Democracy), the design of smart living utilizes various domain-specific tools to achieve coordinated, effective and efficient management, development, and conservation, and to improve ecological, social, biophysical, psychological and economic well-being in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of development ecosystems and stakeholders. This book presents case studies covering more than 10 cities and centred on domain-specific smart living components. The book is issued in two volumes. and this volume focus on city studies.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Introduction

Frontmatter

Smart Living for Smart Cities

Abstract
Smart living is one of six components of a smart city. Other five are smart people, smart mobility, smart economy, smart environment, and smart government. All smart living activities have also these six components integrated with smart city system. Cities have their own characteristics based on the size whether it is a metropolis, megacity, meta city or small or very big continental settlement. This is based on its unique cultural system and ecological system. All aspects of living in a city can be traced to one major aspect which considerably influences daily life. It can be religion, for example, Islam in Saudi Arabia, Buddhism in Tibet, Judaism in Israel or Christianity in Vatican or it can be a dominant aspect of life which the cultural system has thrived to develop in the past such as for example health as indicated by high performance of related time series statistics and so on. Then the concept of smart is presented illustrating with the smart home which differs greatly with the smart aspect of the city. The design of smart living for smart cities can be centred around this dominant aspect which I call domain and some of the essential features of such domain is briefly presented in this chapter. The chapter then focuses on design for smart living in for smart cities based on a domain approach, IOT and ICT system design for smart living, and design of E-Democracy and E-Governance system for a smart living for smart cities. This will provide for a total design for smart living in a smart city. This is briefly presented in this chapter.
T. M. Vinod Kumar

City Studies

Frontmatter

Smart Living for Smart Hong Kong

Abstract
Smart City is about incorporating ‘Smart Thinking’ in the city’s urban design and planning with a focus on People Place and Planet. This chapter will explore how Smart and Sustainable Living is achieved when applying ‘Smart Thinking’ to the city’s development with Hong Kong as the case study. Housing affordability, open space provision, and cultural heritage preservation will be studied and analysed to understand their impact on the quality of living. The various initiatives from public, private, institutional, academic and community will provide a better understanding of Hong Kong’s recent efforts in creating a smart and sustainable city. This chapter enables us to conclude with the overall quality and future positioning of the city’s living environment in achieving a smart and sustainable Hong Kong.
Sujata S. Govada, Widemar Spruijt, Timothy Rodgers, Leon Cheng, Hillary Chung, Queenie Huang

Smart Laws and Regulations for Smart Living, Case of Dehradun

Abstract
The rate of migration from rural to urban areas is increasing across the world at a fast pace. With majority of population expected to be living in urban area by 2050, there is an emerging need for the cities to be smart. Information systems bind the core elements for a smart city—mobility, economy, environment, governance and living. Smartness of a space lies in its aesthetics and attractiveness, healthy environment, ability to create social cohesion and economic viability. These spaces benefit the communities directly and indirectly. The success of establishing these spaces relies to a considerable extent on the legislation and the legal framework of the area. This research is focused on living. An attempt has been made to understand the living in smart cities and the adequacy of the prevalent laws has been assessed. The need is to promulgate laws that would support and strengthen the system for the success of concepts like Smart living in a Smart City.
Prabh Bedi

Smart Healthy Living for Smart Kozhikode Metropolitan Area

Abstract
Almost all religions, philosophers, existential thinkers, feminists, psychologists and writers have also explored the idea of living well and have attributed happiness to factors such as living with purpose, freedom among others. These factors being mostly intangible often neglected or overlooked as they don’t easily fit in the tool kit of urban planner. Smart city is a knowledge-based city that develops extra ordinary capabilities to be self-aware. It assimilates data from the entire functioning of the city and becomes self-aware, and it selectively communicates to the citizens with information to improve their way of life in real time. This chapter explored the present way of living, attempts to identify the aspirations and issues faced by its citizens. The capabilities of smart technologies were explored, and a framework is proposed to harness these capabilities for improving the way of life in Kozhikode Metropolitan Area (KMA). The study is centred on the following three key steps. The first step in the study is to empirically identify health related issues of KMA and available mechanisms of related institutions and determine more effective interventions by smart communities in conjunction with others based on the knowledge base of the respective domains. Health care has got a curative dimension, preventive dimension and promotive dimension. This chapter therefore is a blue print for curative, preventive and promotive aspects of total KMA health care for implementation by smart communities. The chapter analyses data from the KMA, to see what are the major health issues faced by its population under the four pillars of health. It further explores the various information required to improve the health conditions, and proses a system of sensors to gather the required information. The proposals also include a broad sketch of the algorithm to process the collected data and convert that to actionable information by the individual, smart community or other implementation agencies. The chapter concludes by consolidating all the issues analysed, and corresponding smart solutions for them under four pillars of health.
T. M. Vinod Kumar, Bimal Puthuvayi, Namratha Radhakrishnan

Regeneration of Smart Spaces for Smart Living in Kozhikode Metropolitan Region (KMR)

Abstract
Regeneration of Smart Spaces for Smart Living in Kozhikode Metropolitan Region (KMR) is attempted. The Smart spaces are ICT-IOT enabled public spaces that empower governing and participative-functioning for the intended activities using smartphone applications. Smart living has been defined in Chapter “Smart Living for Smart Cities“. Scarce Urban Land of KMR will be converted into selected locations based on well-defined criteria to smart living spaces through the regeneration of urban spaces for all living species and all age cohorts. Based on Census data 2011 and definition of urban agglomeration, KMR is defined. It also includes Kozhikode Corporation and the municipalities of Vatakara, Koyilandi, Ramanattukara, Feroke, Payyoli, Koduvally, Mukkam. The regeneration of smart spaces to smart living is not indicated by the existing policy of the Government of Kerala and Master Plans prepared for two urban settlements of Kozhikode. In this study, the existing master plans of Kozhikode and Vadakara is critically appraised to see whether they considered the regeneration of smart open spaces. Then the functional role of smart growth areas where the public realm can be established for community activities is located using a GIS-RS based model. After identifying the suitable smart growth locations, public realm siting and management is suggested for different user groups as well as space standards and urban design. By solving the ecological issues of the KMR, to a considerable extent, we can solve the problems concerned with the scarcity of public space per population. Suitable land management tools and techniques are applied in the context of blue-green spaces of KMR which include wetlands, joining two wetlands, CRZ, and agroforestry sectors to establish smart and lively spaces in KMR. Finally, the public realm is designed for the specific use of different groups (pre-school, working age and old age) in a location accessible to all.
T. M. Vinod Kumar, K. S. Krishnaveni

Smart Living by Sustainable Community’s Initiatives in the Historic Town of the Himalayas—Shimla

Abstract
Shimla often referred to as the summer capital of British, is a unique historic town that demonstrates smart living for the context. The local communities are key for the sustainable initiatives taken up by them over the years, strongly underpinned by religion. Shimla has the challenge of being environmentally sensitive, rich in biodiversity and steep land gradient. The city took shape with British establishing Shimla, as the summer capital; earlier it was a cantonment base with few villages. With altitude, the gradual changes in the environment are reflected by the local communities a unique feature of this historic town. Shimla developed as administration capital, continues to nurture the socio-cultural strength of the local communities and that is strongly depicted in their lifestyles and cultural spaces. The chapter enumerates changing nature and role of the local communities catering to the needs of rapid urbanisation and development especially in the recent past and how that has got translated in the ecology of the place integrating the conservation and planning perspectives in the context of sustainable development in the Himalayas; drawing upon interdisciplinary approaches linking with the approach to smart living at large.
Sharma Anjali Krishan

Conclusion

Frontmatter

International Collaborative Research: “Smart Living for Smart Cities” and Conclusions of Cities Case Studies

Abstract
This chapter has two parts. In the first part, the organizational details of the international research collaborative project “Smart Living for Smart Cities” is discussed. In the second part are presented in consultation with the team leaders of the city study, their general conclusions of the study.
T. M. Vinod Kumar
Additional information