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About this book

This book presents (i) a comprehensive methodological approach in analyzing karst surface features using contemporary GIS tools of high resolution applied on a large study area and extensive dataset, (ii) a revision and evaluation of the existing concepts valid in the modern karst geomorphology, (iii) a detailed elaboration of overlooked and yet undefined karst surface features, and (iv) an innovation in the discussion on origin and evolution of karst surface features. The book contains the first example of such comprehensive application of the modern technologies in spatial analysis in the field of karst geomorphology, and it offers several new methodological and theoretical perspectives and presents numerous starting points for further research. It contributes both to the understanding of the local karst evolution and to the knowledge of karst surface features globally.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Study Area and Methods

Abstract
Krk Island is one of the largest Croatian islands, occupying an area of 405.5 km2.
Ela Šegina

Chapter 2. Theoretical Background

Abstract
By the geomorphologists, karst had been traditionally observed as a type of relief due to the inaccessibility of underground features [1]. The findings of hypogene karst provoked the ideas that karst system may not necessarily reflect in the landscape [2]. The recognition of karst denudation and its crucial role in surface morphology revealed the inseparable correlation of karst relief to speleogenesis [3, 4]. High diversity of karst features as a consequence of not completely developed karsts (in the sense of [5] around the world has led to localized studies instead of solving basic and general questions of karst and karstification. To overcome this obstacle, Šušteršič (o.c.) developed “The Pure Karst Model” by which he visualized fundamental processes of karstification resulting in basic geomorphic elements of karst surface: centrally organized depressions and intermediate elevations.
Ela Šegina

Chapter 3. Spatial Analysis

Abstract
This chapter presents the outcomes of a complete spatial analysis of karst surface in the study area. It consists of the analysis of terrain ruggedness and coastline morphology, and several morphometric and distributive parameters calculated and analysed for circular and linear karst surface features, respectively.
Ela Šegina

Chapter 4. Interpretation of Spatial Analysis

Abstract
Morphometric and distributive analysis gave a good insight into the formation and evolution of discussed karst surface features. Analysis showed that geological factors are the guiding factors for the existence and preservation of features on karst surface (dip, bedding, lithology and presence of permeable tectonic structures).
Ela Šegina

Chapter 5. Discussion

Abstract
The following topics will be discussed in detail:
(i)
The existence of regional undulations and
 
(ii)
Spatial variability of simple depressions morphologic and distributive characteristics.
 
Ela Šegina

Backmatter

Additional information