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01-07-2011 | Original Article | Issue 5/2011

Environmental Earth Sciences 5/2011

Spatial interpolation of severely skewed data with several peak values by the approach integrating kriging and triangular irregular network interpolation

Journal:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Issue 5/2011
Authors:
Chunfa Wu, Jiaping Wu, Yongming Luo, Haibo Zhang, Ying Teng, Stephen D. DeGloria

Abstract

It was not unusual in soil and environmental studies that the distribution of data is severely skewed with several high peak values, which causes the difficulty for Kriging with data transformation to make a satisfied prediction. This paper tested an approach that integrates kriging and triangular irregular network interpolation to make predictions. A data set consisting of total Copper (Cu) concentrations of 147 soil samples, with a skewness of 4.64 and several high peak values, from a copper smelting contaminated site in Zhejiang Province, China. The original data were partitioned into two parts. One represented the holistic spatial variability, followed by lognormal distribution, and then was interpolated by lognormal ordinary kriging. The other assumed to show the local variability of the area that near to high peak values, and triangular irregular network interpolation was applied. These two predictions were integrated into one map. This map was assessed by comparing with rank-order ordinary kriging and normal score ordinary kriging using another data set consisting of 54 soil samples of Cu in the same region. According to the mean error and root mean square error, the approach integrating lognormal ordinary kriging and triangular irregular network interpolation could make improved predictions over rank-order ordinary kriging and normal score ordinary kriging for the severely skewed data with several high peak values.

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