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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Spatially Differentiated Sustainability Assessment of Products

Authors : Christian Thies, Karsten Kieckhäfer, Thomas S. Spengler, Manbir S. Sodhi

Published in: Progress in Life Cycle Assessment

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Due to the globalization of supply chains, the environmental and social impacts related to products are often dispersed over many locations. Life cycle-oriented sustainability assessment methods aim at compiling the total impacts without explicitly considering their spatial distribution. This paper illustrates how the incorporation of spatial differentiation in sustainability assessment can influence assessment results and lead to different conclusions about the design of supply chains to improve product sustainability. Comparing two alternative configurations of a simplified supply chain for beer production and concentrating only on environmental impacts, it is found that the consideration of environmental and technological heterogeneity has the potential to reverse the rank order of the alternatives.

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Literature
go back to reference Finkbeiner, M., Saur, K., Hoffmann, R., Gediga, J., Kreißig, J., Eyerer, P.: The spatial dimension in life cycle assessments. In: Total Life Cycle Conference and Exposition. SAE International (SAE technical paper series), Graz, Austria, 1–3 Dec 1998 (1998) Finkbeiner, M., Saur, K., Hoffmann, R., Gediga, J., Kreißig, J., Eyerer, P.: The spatial dimension in life cycle assessments. In: Total Life Cycle Conference and Exposition. SAE International (SAE technical paper series), Graz, Austria, 1–3 Dec 1998 (1998)
go back to reference Potting, J., Hauschild, M.: Predicted environmental impact and expected occurrence of actual environmental impact. Part II: Spatial differentiation in life-cycle assessment via the site-dependent characterisation of environmental impact from emissions. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 2(4), 209–216 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02978417CrossRef Potting, J., Hauschild, M.: Predicted environmental impact and expected occurrence of actual environmental impact. Part II: Spatial differentiation in life-cycle assessment via the site-dependent characterisation of environmental impact from emissions. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 2(4), 209–216 (1997). https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​bf02978417CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Spatially Differentiated Sustainability Assessment of Products
Authors
Christian Thies
Karsten Kieckhäfer
Thomas S. Spengler
Manbir S. Sodhi
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92237-9_17

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