Skip to main content
Top

2017 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

3. State of Research on the Environmental Assessment of Electric and Lightweight Vehicles

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

The following chapter reviews the state of research on the environmental assessment of LEVs. First, the existing approaches are presented in the categories of LCA guidelines for vehicles and LCA studies on the three topics: (1) EVs, (2) conventional lightweight vehicles and (3) LEVs. Based on this discussion, an evaluation of the current state of research regarding a set of criteria is performed. This evaluation serves as a mean to derive the requirements of research.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference Boureima F, Messagie M, Matheys J, Wynen V, Sergeant N, Mierlo J, de Vos M, de Caevel B (2009) Comparative LCA of electric, hybrid, LPG and gasoline cars in Belgian context. World Electr Veh J 3(3):469–476 Boureima F, Messagie M, Matheys J, Wynen V, Sergeant N, Mierlo J, de Vos M, de Caevel B (2009) Comparative LCA of electric, hybrid, LPG and gasoline cars in Belgian context. World Electr Veh J 3(3):469–476
go back to reference Canada Standards Association (2014) Life cycle assessment of auto parts—guidelines for conducting LCA of auto parts incorporating weight changes due to material composition, manufacturing technology, or part geometry (SPE-14040-14) Canada Standards Association (2014) Life cycle assessment of auto parts—guidelines for conducting LCA of auto parts incorporating weight changes due to material composition, manufacturing technology, or part geometry (SPE-14040-14)
go back to reference Del Duce A, Egede P, Öhlschläger G, Dettmer T, Althaus H, Bütler T, Szczechowicz E (2013) Guidelines for the LCA of electric vehicles. eLCAr Del Duce A, Egede P, Öhlschläger G, Dettmer T, Althaus H, Bütler T, Szczechowicz E (2013) Guidelines for the LCA of electric vehicles. eLCAr
go back to reference Duflou JR, Yelin D, van Acker K, Dewulf W (2014) Comparative impact assessment for flax fibre versus conventional glass fibre reinforced composites: Are bio-based reinforcement materials the way to go? CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 63(1):45–48. doi:10.1016/j.cirp.2014.03.061 CrossRef Duflou JR, Yelin D, van Acker K, Dewulf W (2014) Comparative impact assessment for flax fibre versus conventional glass fibre reinforced composites: Are bio-based reinforcement materials the way to go? CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 63(1):45–48. doi:10.​1016/​j.​cirp.​2014.​03.​061 CrossRef
go back to reference Ehrenberger S (2013) Life Cycle Assessment of Magnesium Components in Vehicle Construction. Stuttgart Ehrenberger S (2013) Life Cycle Assessment of Magnesium Components in Vehicle Construction. Stuttgart
go back to reference Girardi P, Gargiulo A, Brambilla PC (2015) A comparative LCA of an electric vehicle and an internal combustion engine vehicle using the appropriate power mix: the Italian case study. Int J Life Cycle Assess 20(8):1127–1142. doi:10.1007/s11367-015-0903-x CrossRef Girardi P, Gargiulo A, Brambilla PC (2015) A comparative LCA of an electric vehicle and an internal combustion engine vehicle using the appropriate power mix: the Italian case study. Int J Life Cycle Assess 20(8):1127–1142. doi:10.​1007/​s11367-015-0903-x CrossRef
go back to reference Koffler C, Rohde-Brandenburger K (2010) On the calculation of fuel savings through lightweight design in automotive life cycle assessments. Int J Life Cycle Assess 15(1):128–135. doi: 10.1007/s11367-009-0127-z Koffler C, Rohde-Brandenburger K (2010) On the calculation of fuel savings through lightweight design in automotive life cycle assessments. Int J Life Cycle Assess 15(1):128–135. doi: 10.​1007/​s11367-009-0127-z
go back to reference Messagie M, Boureima F, Matheys J, Sergeant N, Turcksin L, Macharis C, van Mierlo J (2010) Life cycle assessment of conventional and alternative small passenger vehicles in Belgium. In: Vehicle power and propulsion conference 2010 Messagie M, Boureima F, Matheys J, Sergeant N, Turcksin L, Macharis C, van Mierlo J (2010) Life cycle assessment of conventional and alternative small passenger vehicles in Belgium. In: Vehicle power and propulsion conference 2010
go back to reference Messagie M, Boureima F, Matheys J, Sergeant N, Timmermans J, Macharis C, van Mierlo J (2011) Environmental performance of a battery electric vehicle: a descriptive life cycle assessment approach. World Electr Veh J 4(4):782–786 Messagie M, Boureima F, Matheys J, Sergeant N, Timmermans J, Macharis C, van Mierlo J (2011) Environmental performance of a battery electric vehicle: a descriptive life cycle assessment approach. World Electr Veh J 4(4):782–786
go back to reference Muttana SB, Sardar A (2013) Lightweighting of battery electric cars: an impact analysis using Indian driving cycle. In: 8th SAEINDIA international mobility conference & exposition and commercial vehicle engineering congress Muttana SB, Sardar A (2013) Lightweighting of battery electric cars: an impact analysis using Indian driving cycle. In: 8th SAEINDIA international mobility conference & exposition and commercial vehicle engineering congress
go back to reference Nordelöf A, Messagie M, Tillman A, Ljunggren Söderman M, van Mierlo J (2014) Environmental impacts of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles—what can we learn from life cycle assessment? Int J Life Cycle Assess 19(11):1866–1890. doi:10.1007/s11367-014-0788-0 CrossRef Nordelöf A, Messagie M, Tillman A, Ljunggren Söderman M, van Mierlo J (2014) Environmental impacts of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles—what can we learn from life cycle assessment? Int J Life Cycle Assess 19(11):1866–1890. doi:10.​1007/​s11367-014-0788-0 CrossRef
go back to reference Notter DA, Gauch M, Widmer R, Wäger P, Stamp A, Zah R, Althaus H (2010) Contribution of Li-Ion batteries to the environmental impact of electric vehicles. Environ Sci Technol 44(17):6550–6556. doi:10.1021/es903729a CrossRef Notter DA, Gauch M, Widmer R, Wäger P, Stamp A, Zah R, Althaus H (2010) Contribution of Li-Ion batteries to the environmental impact of electric vehicles. Environ Sci Technol 44(17):6550–6556. doi:10.​1021/​es903729a CrossRef
go back to reference Ortega RA, Bras B (1998) Including life cycle considerations in the design of an electric vehicle space frame. In: ASME design engineering technical conference Ortega RA, Bras B (1998) Including life cycle considerations in the design of an electric vehicle space frame. In: ASME design engineering technical conference
go back to reference Reuter B, Kulcsár J, Bradshaw AM, Hamacher T, Lienkamp M (2013) Consequences for the environmental impact during the life cycle of an electric vehicle due to different technical and methodological approaches to the treatment of the car body. In: Conference on future automotive technology Reuter B, Kulcsár J, Bradshaw AM, Hamacher T, Lienkamp M (2013) Consequences for the environmental impact during the life cycle of an electric vehicle due to different technical and methodological approaches to the treatment of the car body. In: Conference on future automotive technology
go back to reference Ridge L (1998) EUCAR—automotive LCA guidelines—phase 2. In: Proceedings of the 1998 total life cycle conference, Warrendale, pp 193–204 Ridge L (1998) EUCAR—automotive LCA guidelines—phase 2. In: Proceedings of the 1998 total life cycle conference, Warrendale, pp 193–204
go back to reference Schuh G, Korthals K, Backs M (2013) Environmental impact of body lightweight design in the operating phase of electric vehicles. In: Nee AYC, Song B, Ong S (eds) Re-engineering manufacturing for sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP international conference on life cycle engineering, Singapore, 17–19 April 2013. Springer, New York Schuh G, Korthals K, Backs M (2013) Environmental impact of body lightweight design in the operating phase of electric vehicles. In: Nee AYC, Song B, Ong S (eds) Re-engineering manufacturing for sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP international conference on life cycle engineering, Singapore, 17–19 April 2013. Springer, New York
go back to reference Szczechowicz E, Dederichs T, Schnettler A (2012) Regional assessment of local emissions of electric vehicles using traffic simulations for a use case in Germany. Int J Life Cycle Assess 17(9):1131–1141. doi:10.1007/s11367-012-0425-8 CrossRef Szczechowicz E, Dederichs T, Schnettler A (2012) Regional assessment of local emissions of electric vehicles using traffic simulations for a use case in Germany. Int J Life Cycle Assess 17(9):1131–1141. doi:10.​1007/​s11367-012-0425-8 CrossRef
go back to reference van Mierlo J, Boureima F, Sergeant N, Wynen V, Messagie M, Govaerts L, Denys T, Vanderschaeghe M, Macharis C, Turcksin L, Hecq W, Englert M, Lecrombs F, Klopfert F, De Caevel B, De Vos M (2009) Clean vehicle research: lca and policy measures “CLEVER”. Final Report Phase 1, Brussels van Mierlo J, Boureima F, Sergeant N, Wynen V, Messagie M, Govaerts L, Denys T, Vanderschaeghe M, Macharis C, Turcksin L, Hecq W, Englert M, Lecrombs F, Klopfert F, De Caevel B, De Vos M (2009) Clean vehicle research: lca and policy measures “CLEVER”. Final Report Phase 1, Brussels
Metadata
Title
State of Research on the Environmental Assessment of Electric and Lightweight Vehicles
Author
Patricia Egede
Copyright Year
2017
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40277-2_3

Premium Partner