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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

13. Stone

Author : José Luis Moro

Published in: Building-Construction Design - From Principle to Detail

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

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Abstract

 Stone is one of the oldest materials used by humanity for building purposes. Even today, it is widely used in the form of manufactured mineral material like ceramics, lime-sandstone, concrete, aerated concrete, or light concrete. It is considered here in the variant executed from single masonry units and combined in a masonry bond to form areal components, particularly walls. The main rules governing the patterns of load-bearing arrangements of masonry blocks are discussed as well as their mechanical behavior under load.

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Footnotes
1
Otto F (1994) Alte Baumeister—Ancient Architects.
 
2
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, 19. ed. (1991).
 
3
For this reason, such wall crowns of standing stones are also found in natural stone walls, e.g. of unworked flat fieldstones. In this case, the anisotropy of the density of the material does not play a role, of course, since it is not present, but only the increased adhesive area.
 
Literature
1.
go back to reference Otto F (1994) Alte Baumeister – Ancient Architects. IL 37, Institut für leichte Flächentragwerke. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart Otto F (1994) Alte Baumeister – Ancient Architects. IL 37, Institut für leichte Flächentragwerke. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart
2.
go back to reference Pech A, Gangoly H, Holzer P, Maydl P (2015) Ziegel im Hochbau: Theorie und Praxis. Birkhäuser, Basel Pech A, Gangoly H, Holzer P, Maydl P (2015) Ziegel im Hochbau: Theorie und Praxis. Birkhäuser, Basel
3.
go back to reference Pfeiffer G, Ramcke R, Achtziger J, Zilch K (2001) Mauerwerk Atlas. Bikhäuser, Basel Pfeiffer G, Ramcke R, Achtziger J, Zilch K (2001) Mauerwerk Atlas. Bikhäuser, Basel
4.
go back to reference EN 771: Specification for masonry units. (a) Part 1: 2015-11 Clay masonry units. (b) Part 2: 2015-11 Calcium silicate masonry units. (c) Part 3: 2015-11 Aggregate concrete masonry units (Dense and lightweight aggregates). (d) Part 4: 2015-11 Autoclaved aerated concrete masonry units. (e) Part 5: 2015-11 Manufactured stone masonry units. (f) Part 6: 2015-11 Natural stone masonry units EN 771: Specification for masonry units. (a) Part 1: 2015-11 Clay masonry units. (b) Part 2: 2015-11 Calcium silicate masonry units. (c) Part 3: 2015-11 Aggregate concrete masonry units (Dense and lightweight aggregates). (d) Part 4: 2015-11 Autoclaved aerated concrete masonry units. (e) Part 5: 2015-11 Manufactured stone masonry units. (f) Part 6: 2015-11 Natural stone masonry units
5.
go back to reference EN 1996: Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures. (a) Part 1-1: 2013-02 General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures EN 1996: Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures. (a) Part 1-1: 2013-02 General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures
6.
go back to reference DIN 105: Clay masonry units. (a) Part 4: 2019-01 Ceramic bricks. (b) Part 5: 2013-06 Lightweight horizontally perforated clay masonry units and lightweight horizontally perforated day masonry panels. (c) Part 6: 2013-06 High precision units DIN 105: Clay masonry units. (a) Part 4: 2019-01 Ceramic bricks. (b) Part 5: 2013-06 Lightweight horizontally perforated clay masonry units and lightweight horizontally perforated day masonry panels. (c) Part 6: 2013-06 High precision units
7.
go back to reference DIN18500: 2006-12 Cast stone. (a) Part 1: 2021-01– Terminology, requirements, testing DIN18500: 2006-12 Cast stone. (a) Part 1: 2021-01– Terminology, requirements, testing
Metadata
Title
Stone
Author
José Luis Moro
Copyright Year
2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-61742-7_13