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01-08-2010 | Issue 4/2010

Cellulose 4/2010

Structure conversions of cellulose IIII crystal models in solution state: a molecular dynamics study

Journal:
Cellulose > Issue 4/2010
Authors:
Toshifumi Yui, Naofumi Okayama, Sachio Hayashi
Important notes

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10570-010-9422-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

This paper re-examines our previous molecular dynamics (MD) study on cellulose IIII crystal models with finite dimensions solvated in explicit water molecules. Eight crystal models, differing in a constituent lattice plane and dimensions, were studied. One calculation allowed for O–H and C–H bond stretching, and had a small time step of 0.5 fs. The other calculation adopted non-scaling factors of the 1–4 non-bonded interactions. As in our previous study, in the former MD calculations, six of the eight crystal models exhibited structure conversion with cooperative chain slippages generated by a progressive fiber bend. This converted the initial non-staggered chain packing of cellulose IIII into a near one-quarter staggering and gave the crystal model a triclinic-like configuration. In contrast, in the non-1–4 scaling MD calculations, all of the eight crystal models retained the initial cellulose IIII crystal structure. Another series of non-1–4 scaling MD calculations were performed for the four crystal models containing chains with a degree of polymerization (DP) of 40 at 370 K, which simulated hot water treatment to convert cellulose IIII to Iβ. Some of the hydroxymethyl groups irreversibly rotated from gt into tg conformation. This accompanied exchange of the intrasheet hydrogen bonding scheme along the (1 −1 0) lattice plane from O2–O6 to O3–O6. The original corrugated (1 −1 0) chain sheet was partly converted into a cellulose I-like flat chain sheet.

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