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23-07-2021 | Original Paper

Study on Progressive Instability Characteristics of Coal-Rock Composite Structure with the Different Height Ratios

Journal:
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
Authors:
Tan Li, Guangbo Chen, Yanhui Li, Qinghai Li
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Abstract

To ensure the safety of coal mining, lots of coal pillars were reserved in the coal mine. The stability of coal pillar and roof composite structures determines the safety of stope. Under the action of cyclic loading and unloading such as mining face, chamber blasting, and roadway excavation, the coal pillar, and roof composite structure will gradually instability, which will affect the safety production of the coal mine. Therefore, this paper takes the dynamic disaster of coal pillar and roof composite structure as the research background, carries on the cyclic loading and unloading test of the coal-rock composite structure with different coal-rock height ratios, and studies the influence of coal-rock height ratio on the progressive instability characteristics, mechanical properties and damage variables of the coal-rock composite structure. The crack initiation stress, crack propagation time and failure pattern of coal-rock composite structure are analyzed. The improved load-unload response ratio considering the damage variable is established, and the stability of the coal-rock composite structure under cyclic loading and unloading is quantitatively analyzed. It is concluded that the larger the coal-rock height ratio is, the greater the load-unload response ratio of the composite structure is, and the more unstable the composite structure is. This conclusion is consistent with the crack initiation stress and fracture propagation time, and can quantitatively reflect the progressive instability process of coal-rock composite structure, and provide a basis for revealing the dynamic disaster of coal pillar and roof composite structure.

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