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Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology 4/2021

11-06-2020 | Original Paper

Study Preregistration: An Evaluation of a Method for Transparent Reporting

Authors: Allison A. Toth, George C. Banks, David Mellor, Ernest H. O’Boyle, Ashleigh Dickson, Daniel J. Davis, Alex DeHaven, Jaime Bochantin, Jared Borns

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology | Issue 4/2021

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Study preregistration promotes transparency in scientific research by making a clear distinction between a priori and post hoc procedures or analyses. Management and applied psychology have not embraced preregistration in the way other closely related social science fields have. There may be concerns that preregistration does not add value and prevents exploratory data analyses. Using a mixed-method approach, in Study 1, we compared published preregistered samples against published non-preregistered samples. We found that preregistration effectively facilitated more transparent reporting based on criteria (i.e., confirmed hypotheses and a priori analysis plans). Moreover, consistent with concerns that the published literature contains elevated type I error rates, preregistered samples had fewer statistically significant results (48%) than non-preregistered samples (66%). To learn about the perceived advantages, disadvantages, and misconceptions of study preregistration, in Study 2, we surveyed authors of preregistered studies and authors who had never preregistered a study. Participants in both samples had positive inclinations towards preregistration yet expressed concerns about the process. We conclude with a review of best practices for management and applied psychology stakeholders.


We also originally excluded samples at the team/organizational level, as the expertise of our author team is more at the individual level. However, as one of our reviewers rightly noted, samples at the team/organization level are central to the management and applied psychology fields. As a result, we went back and coded the two samples that we initially excluded for being at the team/organizational level and included them in our analyses/results.


We would like to thank an anonymous reviewer for raising this issue.

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Study Preregistration: An Evaluation of a Method for Transparent Reporting
Allison A. Toth
George C. Banks
David Mellor
Ernest H. O’Boyle
Ashleigh Dickson
Daniel J. Davis
Alex DeHaven
Jaime Bochantin
Jared Borns
Publication date
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Business and Psychology / Issue 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0889-3268
Electronic ISSN: 1573-353X

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