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02-03-2020 | Original Paper | Issue 1/2021

Numerical Algorithms 1/2021

Superconvergence in H1-norm of a difference finite element method for the heat equation in a 3D spatial domain with almost-uniform mesh

Journal:
Numerical Algorithms > Issue 1/2021
Authors:
Xinlong Feng, Ruijian He, Zhangxin Chen
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Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel difference finite element (DFE) method based on the P1-element for the 3D heat equation on a 3D bounded domain. One of the novel ideas of this paper is to use the second-order backward difference formula (BDF) combining DFE method to overcome the computational complexity of conventional finite element (FE) method for the high-dimensional parabolic problem. First, we design a fully discrete difference FE solution \({u^{n}_{h}}\) by the second-order backward difference formula in the temporal t-direction, the center difference scheme in the spatial z-direction, and the P1-element on a almost-uniform mesh Jh in the spatial (x, y)-direction. Next, the H1-stability of \({u_{h}^{n}}\) and the second-order H1-convergence of the interpolation post-processing function on \({u_{h}^{n}}\) with respect to u(tn) are provided. Finally, numerical tests are presented to show the second-order H1-convergence results of the proposed DFE method for the heat equation in a 3D spatial domain.

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